高考英语阅读常考词汇

2017-08-14 高考备考

  在历年高考英语试卷里有很多常见英语短语,同学们在复习英语时要特别注意这些词汇,那么高考英语阅读常考词汇有哪些?下面由小编为整理有关高考英语阅读常考词汇的资料,供参考!

  高考英语阅读常考词汇

  1.alter v. 改变,改动,变更

  2.burst vi./n. 突然发生,爆裂

  3.dispose vi. 除掉;处置;解决;处理(of)

  4.blast n. 爆炸;气流 vi. 炸,炸掉

  5.consume v. 消耗,耗尽

  6.split v. 劈开;割裂;分裂 a.裂开的

  7.spit v. 吐(唾液等);唾弃

  8.spill v. 溢出,溅出,倒出

  9.slip v. 滑动,滑落;忽略

  10.slide v. 滑动,滑落 n. 滑动;滑面;幻灯片

  11.bacteria n. 细菌

  12.breed n. 种,品种 v. 繁殖,产仔

  13.budget n. 预算 v. 编预算,作安排

  14.candidate n. 候选人

  15.campus n. 校园

  16.liberal a. 慷慨的;丰富的;自由的

  17.transform v. 转变,变革;变换

  18.transmit v. 传播,播送;传递

  19.transplant v. 移植

  20.transport vt. 运输,运送 n. 运输,运输工具

  21.shift v. 转移;转动;转变

  22.vary v. 变化,改变;使多样化

  23.vanish vi. 消灭,不见

  24.swallow v. 吞下,咽下 n. 燕子

  25.suspicion n. 怀疑,疑心

  26.suspicious a. 怀疑的,可疑的

  27.mild a. 温暖的,暖和的;温柔的,味淡的`

  28.tender a. 温柔的;脆弱的

  29.nuisance n. 损害,妨害,讨厌(的人或 事物)

  30.insignificant a. 无意义的,无足轻重的;无价值的

  31.accelerate vt. 加速,促进

  32.absolute a. 绝对的,无条件的;完全的

  33.boundary n. 分界线,边界

  34.brake n. 刹车,制动器 v. 刹住(车)

  35.catalog n. 目录(册) v. 编目

  36.vague a. 模糊的,不明确的

  37.vain n. 徒劳,白费

  38.extinct a. 绝灭的,熄灭的

  39.extraordinary a. 不平常的,特别的,非凡的

  40.extreme a. 极度的,极端的 n. 极端,过分

  41.agent n. 代理人,代理商;动因,原因

  42.alcohol n. 含酒精的饮料,酒精

  43.appeal n./vi. 呼吁,恳求

  44.appreciate vt. 重视,赏识,欣赏

  45.approve v. 赞成,同意,批准

  46.stimulate vt. 刺激,激励

  47.acquire vt. 取得,获得;学到

  48.accomplish vt .完成,到达;实行

  49.network n. 网状物;广播网,电视网;网络

  50.tide n. 潮汐;潮流

  英语阅读理解练习题

  Now I’d like to talk to you about your final exam. The exam will be held next Thursday, the last day of the exam week. Remember to bring two of three pens in case you run out of ink. And unlike the midterm exam, this test will not include multiple --- choice questions; it will consist entirely of essays(文章). You’ll have to answer three of the five essay questions. The exam will be comprehensive (全面的), which means you’ll be responsible for all of the subject matters we covered in class this term, I would suggest you review your midterm exam as well as textbooks and your class notes. The final exam will count as 50 percent of your grade of the course. The research project (项目) will count as 20 percent and the midterm exam 30 percent. I’ll be in my office almost all day next Tuesday. If you run into any problems, please drop in. Good luck to you and I’ll see you on Tuesday.

  1. When will the final exam take place?

  A. On Tuesday B. On a Wednesday C. On a Thursday D. On a Friday

  2. What will be included in the exam?

  A. There will be only multiple-choice questions.

  B. The exam will contain both multiple-choice and essay questions.

  C. The exam will have an oral and a written section.

  D. There will be only essay questions.

  3. Why does the teacher call the exam comprehensive?

  A. It will be easy to understand.

  B. Students will be tested on all the material discussed in class.

  C. It will cover topics from a wide variety of subjects.

  D. Students must complete all parts of it.

  4. The underlined phrase run into probably means .

  A. go into B. meet somebody unexpectedly

  C. come up against something with force D. come across

  5. When was this talk most likely given?

  A. During the first week of class B. During midterm week

  C. On the last day of class D. On the last day of exam week

  答案:

  1C 2 D 3 B 4 D 5 C

  如何做传统阅读理解题

  那么如何做传统阅读理解题?以下是作者近几年总结的阅读理解答题技巧,已被学生证明科学有效。

  首先,迅速浏览文章知道文章的大体意思。(关键读文章的第一段,如果第一段较长,可以读其前两句,如果还不知道文章说什么,可以读一下每段的第一句)用1分钟的时间。(这一步非常重要)

  为什么说这一步非常重要呢?我们经常说“做事情心里要有底”,同样做题之前也要“心里有底”。又比如,学生马上要上课了,但还不知道下节课上什么,学生从心理上容易慌乱。提前知道文章的大意可以避免做题的慌乱。如果把这一步做好了,文章后面的题目基本出不了大的问题。

  接下来开始做题。

  对于客观理解题

  首先,认真读问题的题干,找出其关键词。如何找关键词?题干中人名,地名,专有名词,时间等就是关键词。

  接下来,根据找出的关键词,在文章中定位,理解相关的句子,迅速选答案。

  这里我特别强调一点,理解相关的句子迅速选答案,尽量不用排除法。因为排除法一般是理科的做题方法,英语大部分的题不需要用排除法,除非碰上了“Which of the following is right?”这类题目。用排除法做题太慢,并且容易受非答案项的干扰。

  对于主观理解题,这类题目经常用以下的问题来考查学生:

  What is the topicof the passage?

  What can we infer from the passage?

  What is the bes ttitle for the passage?

  What does the author want to tell us in the paragraph 3?

  What is the author’ attitude towards…..?

  What is the purposeof the passage?

  What does the author advise us to do?

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