With the popularization of Internet, cyber crimes have become a serious problem facing us. Nowadays cyber criminals seem to be everywhere on the Internet. To illustrate, some commit fraud or lift intellectual property, others snatch passwords or disrupt e-commerce, and still others unleash viruses to crash computers. As a result, these crimes destroy network security greatly and make computer users suffer great losses. However, we shouldn’t tolerate these cyber criminals any more. It’s high time for us to take effective measures to fight against cyber crimes. First, we should reinforce the cyber laws to punish cyber criminals strictly. Moreover, we should develop high techniques as soon as possible to improve intrusion detection and prevent cyber crimes. Besides, more talented people should be trained and more effective firewalls should be built up so as to make the net immune to all kinds of viruses.
As college students, we have responsibility to join the battle against cyber crimes. For one thing, we should not use others’ computers unless we get permission. For another, we should be honest to others on the Internet and not release or spread unreal information. In a word, it takes our common efforts to defeat cyber crimes.
Nowadays， there are more and more [某种现象] in [某种场合]。 It is estimated that [相关数据]。 Why have there been so many [某种现象]? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows。 The first one is [原因一]。 Besides， [原因二]。 The third one is [原因三]。 To sum up， the main cause of [某种现象] is due to [最主要原因]。 It is high time that something were done upon it。 For one thing， [解决办法一]。 On the other hand， [解决办法二]。 All these measures will certainly reduce the number of [某种现象]。
Nowadays， there are more and more [ghost writers / 枪手] in [China"s examinations / 中国的考场]。 It is estimated that [5% examinees are ghost writers / 5%的应试者是枪手]。 Why have there been so many [ghost writers / 枪手]? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows。 The first one is [hirers" ignorance / 雇主无知]。 Besides， [hirers" indolence / 雇主懒惰]。 The third one is [hirers" obtusity / 雇主迟钝]。 To sum up， the main cause of [ghost writers / 枪手] is due to [hirers" low IQ / 雇主智商低]。 It is high time that something were done upon it。 For one thing， [flagellation / 鞭打]。 On the other hand， [decapitation / 斩首]。 All these measures will certainly reduce the number of [ghost writers / 枪手]。 (实习编辑：夏根建)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: What does friendship mean? You should write at least 120 words and you shouldbase your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
What does friendship mean?
There is no definite answer. An eternal theme in literature, friendship is also indispensable in daily life.
Friendship is to our life what salt is to dishes. When you are happy, friendship is just like adding flowers on the brocade; when you are sad, friendship is a dose of consolation; if you are in trouble, friends will surround you and remove the barriers for you; if you have a hard nut to crack, you can turn to friends for help. We admire the great friendship between Marx and Engel, which firmly combined them and pushed them forward on the road to exploring and fulfilling Communism.
Friendship isnt almighty, but no one can live happily without it.
On Overseas Study
With the deepening of reform and opening-up of our country, many people dream of going abroad for further study. They insist that the modern research facilities, world famous professors and excellent environment in those foreign co11eges and universities can help lay a perfect foundation for their future development.
Directions: Suppose you are the dean of the History Department, Peking University. You want to invite Professor Herb Jason, a well-known scholar of Chinese history, to come to attend an international conference on Chinese history. You’ll cover the following points:
The purpose of the invitation
The time and place of the conference
Ask him a favor of presenting a lecture to your students during his stay
Write your letter in no less than 150 words. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter; use Li Ming instead. You do not need to write the address.
June 23, 20xx
Dear Professor Herb Jason,
I am Li Ming, dean of the History Department, Peking University. I am writing to invite you to participate in an international convention that is to be held in Beijing from 22th to 25th, July, 20xx.
Since your visit in Beijing last year, all the teachers that attended your lecture have been deeply impressed with your thorough knowledge and profound understanding of the subject. We would be pleased if you could come, as our guest of honor, to the International Conference on Chinese History, If possible, would you please deliver a speech on whatever subject that interests you. Enclosed in this letter is a time schedule for the event. You would, of course, receive our standard honorarium to cover traveling and other expenses. When you arrive in Beijing, I will certainly meet you at the airport.
Please let me know your date of arrival if you can come and tell us when you can make the trip. If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to contact me. Look forward to your reply.
In recent years, Sinology, the study of Chinese traditional culture, literature, history, society etc, has become increasingly popular For instance, it is reported that many primary and secondary schools have set up courses of sinology, in which students are taught classical works by Chinese ancient educators and philosophers, like Confucius- Another good illustration is in the program CCTV Lecture Room famous scholars, e.g, Yu Dan, give lectures on Chinese ancient philosophies and literatures.
Sinology becomes prevalent due to the fact that it is of vital significance for both the individuals and the society. For one thing, Sinology is the essence of Chinese civilization with more than 5,000 years. Thus, for individuals, they can enlarge their scope of knowledge, enrich their experience and adapt themselves to the complicated society. For another, it is acknowledged that the rehabilitation of Sinology can contribute to the establishment of a harmonious society.
In my opinion, all Chinese people should inherit the merits of Sinology. To do so, we can read books by ourselves or to attend lectures on this issue. Besides, we have the gation to popularize introducing it to the world By doing so, we can not only inherit it but also make it glorious and prosperous.
① In recent years, ______ has/have been prevailing among.
② A number of factors can account for such phenomenon, but the following might be the critical ones. ③ First and foremost, ______. ④ Moreover, ______. ⑤ Undoubtedly, ______. ⑥ Firstly, ______. ⑦ Secondly, ______.
⑧ In my view, ______. ⑨ To begin with, ______. ⑩ What’s more, ______. Only ______.
① It is widely accepted that ______. ② What’s more, ______. ③ However, ______.
④ On the one hand, some people hold the view that ______. ⑤ On the other hand, a great many people insist that _______.
⑥ From my perspective, however, ______. ⑦ Therefore, ______.
① It is not an uncommon social phenomenon that ______. ② For example, ______.
③ As to this issue, opinions vary from person to person. ④ Some people hold that ______. ⑤ But others maintain that _______.
⑥ As far as I am concerned, ______. ⑦ On the one hand, ______. ⑧ On the other hand, ______. ⑨ In a word, ______.
① As is portrayed in the picture, ______. ② Actually, recent years have witnessed an increasing trend of ______.
③ This ______ has inevitably brought about some ______ effects. ④ Anyway, ______.
⑤ However, ______. ⑥ Therefore, people should become fully aware of both sides of ______.
① As is known to all, ______. ② However, ______. ③ The cases of ______.
④ Therefore, ______. ⑤ Firstly, ______. ⑥ Secondly, ______. ⑦ Thirdly, ______.
⑧ As far as I’m concerned, ______.
The animal is the friend of our human beings. We live in the same earth. Animals and human beings can’t be separated from each other. But some animals are getting less and less. So it’s necessary for us to protect animals, especially wild animals. Some people kill wild animal because of money. It’s illegal. Beside, because of the development of society, human needs more space to live in, so we explore the forest. Animals have less space to live in. The number of wild animals decreases year by year. It’s high time to take actions to protect wild animals.
Creating a Green Campus
Recently, with the idea of making and maintaining "a green earth" being the focus of the society, "green campus" has become a more and more popular concept in universities or colleges, which, undoubtedly, will bring us an ever-lasting benefit to both our campus and our society.
The concept of " green campus" does not only mean a green environment but also refers to an environmental sense in people's mind. Campus plays a crucial role in educating the young generation and the consciousness of " green campus" will definitely produce a profound effect on students' various environmental protection activities after their graduation. What's more, the young generation is under the burden of severe environmental pollution and there are many problems waiting for them to solve.
To make "green campus" come true, firstly, it is necessary to work out effective principles for the development of sustainable and recyclable campus. Secondly, it calls for people's awareness of the serious pollution around us and actual action to reduce the waste. Last but not least, it is necessary to strengthen the ties between campus and society, so as to ensure that "green campus" can work smoothly with the co-effort of the whole society.