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历年考研英语小作文类型统计

2017-12-18 石娟 考研备考

  考研英语作为研究生的门槛之一,其重要性不可忽视,而小作文,是一种应用性短文。小编为大家精心准备了历年考研英语小作文类型分析,欢迎大家前来阅读。

考研

  考研历年英语小作文都考的类型

  【英语一】

  已考类型:

  辞职信1次, 询问信1次, 建议信4次、 道歉信1次、 告示1次、 推荐信1次、 邀请信1次、通知信1次

  未考类型:

  感谢信,祝贺信,慰问信,申请信,投诉信,介绍信,请求信

  【英语二】

  已考类型:

  感谢信1 次、建议信2次、 祝贺信1次、 投诉信1次、 倡议书1次、 介绍信1次、 询问信1次、通知信1次

  未考类型:

  道歉信,推荐信,邀请信,慰问信,申请信,请求信。

  这些未考类型很有可能是今年命题的方向,尤其是慰问信、申请信、请求信这三类在英语一、英语二中都还没有考过,所以更需引起大家的重视。

  在考研英语试卷上,考场上一般都会选择先以小作文为开端,如果能顺利的完成一篇感觉不错的小文章,不仅能给自己信心,很快进入写作状态,还能给大作文预留下充分的时间。因此同学们在学习大作文写作的同时不要忽略了对小作文的备考练习!

  以上就是为大家整理的历年考研英语小作文出题类型统计,大家可以了解一下进行针对性复习,争取英语作文拿到高分。

  历年考研英语小作文书信题目整理

  一、英语一

  2005年

  51. Directions:

  Two months ago you got a job as an editor for the magazine Designs & fashions. But now you find that the word is not what you expected. You decide to quit. Write a letter to your boss, Mr. Wang, telling him your decision, stating your reason (s), and making an apology.

  Write your letter with no less than 100 words. Write it neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter; use "Li Ming" instead.

  You do not need to write the address. (10 points)

  2006 年

  51. Directions

  You want to contribute to Project Hope by offering financial aid to a child in a remote area. Write a letter to the department concerned, asking them to help find a candidate. You should specify what kind of child you want to help and how you will carry out your plan.

  Write your letter with no less than 100 words. Write it on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  Do not sign your name at the end of the letter; use "Li Ming" instead.

  You do not need to write the address. (10 points)

  2007年

  51. Directions:

  Write a letter to your university library, making suggestions for improving its service.

  You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use "Li Ming" instead.

  Do not write the address. (10 points)

  2008 年

  Part A

  51. Directions:

  You have just come back from Canada and found a music CD in your luggage that you forgot to return to Bob, your landlord there. Write him a letter to

  1) make an apology, and

  2) suggest a solution.

  You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use "Li Ming" instead.

  Do not write the address. (10 points)

  2009年

  51. Directions:

  Restrictions on the use of plastic bags have not been so successful in some regions. "White pollution "is still going on. Write a letter to the editor(s) of your local newspaper to

  give your opinions briefly and

  make two or three suggestions

  You should write about 100 words. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use "Li Ming" instead. You do not need to write the address.

  2010年

  51. Directions:

  You are supposed to write for the postgraduate association a notice to recruit volunteers for an international conference on globalization, you should conclude the basic qualification of applicant and the other information you think relative.

  You should write about 100 words. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use "postgraduate association" instead.

  2011年

  51.Directions:

  Write a letter to a friend of yours to

  1) recommend one of your favorite movies and 2) give reasons for your recommendation

  Your should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2

  Do not sign your own name at the end of the leter. User"LI MING"instead.

  Do not writer the address.(10 points)

  2012年

  51.Directions:

  Write a letter to a friend of yours to

  1) recommend one of your favorite movies and 2) give reasons for your recommendation

  Your should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2

  Do not sign your own name at the end of the leter. User"LI MING"instead.

  Do not writer the address.(10 points)

  盘点考研英语写作的类型

  这种作文的模板通常为:

  ● 开头段:介绍现象或通过描述图画点题;

  no one can fail to notice the fact that an increasing number of Chinese are fond of celebrating some Western festivals today. For instance, on Valentine’s Day, many people give flowers or chocolate to the one they love.

  ● 正文段:解释这种现象产生的原因或含义;

  there are two reasons for the improvement in peoples living conditions. in the first place, we have been carrying out the reform and opening-up policy. secondly, there has been a rapid expansion of our national economy. furthermore, the birth rate has been put under control.

  ● 结尾段:呼应前文,总结并评价主题或预测未来,也可提出建议。

  today an increasing number of people have realized that law education is of great importance. in order to keep law and order, every one of us is supposed to get a law education.

  问 题 解 答 型

  该类作文通常提出一急需解决的社会问题,如环境污染、养老问题、能源危机、人才流失、食品安全、假冒伪劣产品等问题。

  考研英语小作文通用版

  一、道歉信

  道歉信是由于自己的疏忽失误而向对方表达歉意并出于诚意写出具体弥补办法。第一段首先亮出写作目的并简单阐述该物品的状态:I am writing to make an apology to you for+句子(表明事件因由)。

  第二段列出出错的原因及具体补救办法:To make up my fault, ......\ I will......as a token of my apology\ I sincerely apologize for my careless mistake as well as for any inconvenience thus caused to you.

  第三段再一次表达歉意:Once again, I am sorry for my carelessness. Looking forward to your reply.

  应用文中的这三类投诉信、建议信、道歉信,每一类都有其写作的范式和具体的内容要求,并且语言要求简单准确,所以这需要大家清楚每一类文章的一些常用语句,在平常积累背诵,在考场上信手拈来。

  二、投诉信

  投诉信是对于产品、服务等的不满意,进而需要写出自己的意见和要求。第一段需写写信的目的以及自己的一个概括的期望:常用套话比如I venture to write to complain about ……+定语从句;I would be grateful if you could do anything necessary to solve the problem facing me.

  第二段阐述两、三方面所面临的产品或服务的问题及后果:there are several aspects underlying this complaint. For one thing,......For another,......In addition,......

  第三段给出具体的期望,比如退款或更换新产品:It is my sincere hope that you could give me full refund or replace it with a new one. Your kind reply to this letter at your earliest convenience would be very much appreciated.

  三、推荐信

  推荐信可以推荐一个人、一个地方、一本书、一部电影。在信中表明推荐的内容、原因及进一步的沟通。

  第一段概括说要推荐的内容:I am writing to you to recommend .I have sufficient reasons to introduce this to you and I dare say this is the best I have ever seen.

  第二段叙述推荐的东西的价值,可以从表面和深层两方面来写:This movie/book/city的主题或城市坐落于哪里。What is more, 情节吸引人、里边景色引人入胜。Finally, this movie will definitely change our attitude toward this world and the people around us. We will learn that......

  第三段总结句:Therefore I don’t hesitate to recommend this to you. I am sure you will enjoy the。

  四、辞职信

  辞职信内容应包括简单对所在公司及领导的感谢,并表明辞职原因并表达歉意,最后再致歉并送上简单祝福。第一段首先致谢:I am grateful to be employed as 职位+时间。Thank you for your kind attention and I would appreciate the opportunity of having worked here.

  第二段表明自己要辞职,列出原因,比如离家远想换到更近的位置;工作不适合自己等等。现在给大家一个例子:However, I regret having to resign from my position. The reason for changing my working plan is that I have expected the job to be interesting and challenging, which turns out to be the opposite. As a young man full of enthusiasm, I therefore decide to quit this job for something else.可以根据自己的具体情况给出自己的理由,切不可千篇一律。

  第三段简单表明希望得到允许、歉意及祝福:I sincerely hope that you approve of my resignation. I am sorry for any inconvenience caused. Wish you and your company great success in the future.

  五、建议信

  一般就某个社会问题或个人问题给出自己的意见或建议,比如环境要改善的谏言;研究生活应该如何进行,等等。分两类建议信,一类写给机构,语言要正式严谨;而如果写给熟人,则语言可以随意一些。第一段概括写出写信的大致内容:I am writing here to provide some advice to improve......\You have asked me for my advice concerning/with regard to......

  第二段详述具体的建议,可分条阐述:To begin with,......Besides,......Moreover,......

  第三段总结段:I hope you will find these suggestions useful and I would be ready to discuss this matter with you to further details. I am looking forward to your reply and wish you a good work.

  六、求职信

  求职信内容包含简单告知求职人从何处获悉空缺职位;自我介绍阐述职位所需的而自己符合的优点;盼对方早日恢复给以面试机会。第一段:I am looking for a position in 专业 department in which I may use my training in 专业 to solve 专业 problems. I am writing the letter in purpose of applying for your recently advertised position for a staff member.

  第二段表明自己符合该职位。I am sure that I am qualified for it. First, enclosed with this letter is my resume, which further details my previous academic qualifications and working experience. Second, I am young, enthusiastic and sociable, and these personalities also make me a perfect candidate for it. Last, my hobbies include......

  第三段盼能给以面试机会并表示感谢:I wish you would give me an opportunity to be interviewed. I can be reached by calling me or the address on the envelope. I would appreciate it very much if you could consider my application favorably at your earliest convenience and give me a reply.

  要想在考研英语作文上获得高分,也不能完全依靠模板,平时还是要多多练习一下写作,背诵的一些模板、写作佳句等,要学会运用才算是真正掌握,才能在2016考研英语的考场上用得恰到好处。


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