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GMAT英语题的阅读技巧

2018-08-11 GMAT

  GMAT考试掌握经验是很重要的,比如大家在备考GMAT阅读的时候。有经验的考生能在短时间内就把一个句子剖析清楚,而基础不好的同学可能花费的时间比较多。

  就我而言,在GMAT考试阅读中最最害怕的就是多重修饰,这种结构实在是非常的讨厌,本来我们是连词成句,连句成段,但是这种GMAT阅读结构确把大量的信息用名词抽像起来,把本来应该是句子的内容放到了短语里。

  例如下边这两个句子;

  Social support consists of the exchange of resources among people based on theirinterpersonal ties

  三个定语修饰exchange,再加上前边的consists of更是让人眼花缭乱。但是这个句子本身是简单的,因为他的内容简单。

  But last year the UK government abandoned plans to limit the tax relief given to those who donate to charity after an outcry from universities, the arts sector and charities. It had said it wanted to clamp down on tax avoiders.

  你能一下子判定清楚吗?to limit the tax relief 修饰plans. given to 修饰relief. 更可气的是after后边的outcry本来应该是universityie发出的动作,它也把它变成了介词短语加名词这种结构。

  如果你们觉得没有难度我们再来一个句子;

  No one would feel surprised at Marx’s criticism of Bakunin rejection of Engel’s characterization of Feuerbach’s thesis as foolish。

  (大家看到了吧,由于它把从句压缩成了短语,所以在结构上似乎简单,但是要想还原出它来必须要分出逻辑,定出主谓,弄清先后,所以它反而比复杂的从句要难的多)

  这句话的意思是这样的;

  No one would feel surprised at the fact that whenEngels had characterized Feuerbach ’s thesis as foolish,Bakunin rejected this characterization, and in his turn Marx criticized Bakunin for this rejection.这种压缩和还原是有迹可寻的,但是这必须建立在我们对句子的结构有非常好的掌握上,否则我们只能是盯着一句话反复靠”语感”了。

  大家看了上面的句子还认为语法没有用吗?

  事实上经过一个系统的训练不外乎是为了我们能够更加迅速的看清一个句子的结构,我们看到一个复杂的句子对它的分析几乎是在一瞬间完成的。这需要一个语法 从简到繁,再由繁而简的过程。大家只要牢牢抓住主谓宾,注意中间插入成份和主句的关系,中间的成份反过来覆过去就是那几种。

  我不揣鄙陋把是怎么看一个句子的GMAT阅读技巧分享给大家,以期抛砖引玉。

  我在PPT里随便做了一张图片里没有办法放进太多的例子,我从网上找了一个插入结构的例子以供大家参考,

  Once upon a time, my father ate a muffin.

  Interjection: My father ate the muffin, gosh darn it!

  Aside: My father, if you don’t mind me telling you this, atethe muffin.

  Appositive: My father, a jaded and bitter man, ate themuffin.

  Absolute phrase: My father, his eyes flashing with rage, atethe muffin.

  Free modifier: My father, chewing with unbridled fury, atethe muffin.

  Resumptive modifier: My father ate the muffin, a muffinwhich no man had yet chewed.

  Summative modifier: My father ate the muffin, a feat whichno man had attemp.

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