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英语语法基础知识:冠词

2017-09-29 基础英语

  冠词是一个虚词,可分为定冠词,不定冠词和零冠词三类。小编整理了冠词的基本介绍,欢迎欣赏与借鉴。

英语语法基础知识:冠词

  (1)不定冠词:a / an a unit / an uncle

  元音开头的可数名词前用an :

  an egg / an apple / an orange / an eraser / an answer / an ID card / an alarm clock / an actor / an actress / an e-mail / an address / an event / an example / an opera / an houran old man / an interesting book / an exciting sport / an action movie / an art lesson /

  (2)定冠词:the the egg the plane

  用法:

  定冠词的用法:

  (1)特指某(些)人或某(些)物: The ruler is on the desk.

  (2)复述上文提到的人或物:He has a sweater. The sweater is new.

  (3)谈话双方都知道的人或物:The boys aren’t at school.

  (4)在序数词前: John’s birthday is February the second.

  (5)用于固定词组中: in the morning / afternoon / evening

  不用冠词的情况:

  (1)专有名词前:China is a big country.

  (2)名词前有定语:this , that , my , your , some, any , no 等:

  This is my baseball.

  (3)复数名词表示一类人和事:Monkeys can’t swim. They are teachers.

  (4)在节日,日期,月份,季节前:Today is Christmas Day. It’s Sunday.

  (5)一日三餐前:We have breakfast at 6:30.

  (6)球类 棋类运动前:They often play football after class. He plays chess at home.

  * 但乐器前要用定冠词:I play the guitar very well.

  (7)学科名称前:My favorite subject is music.

  (8)在称呼或头衔的名词前:This is Mr Li.

  (9)固定词组中:at noon at night by bus

  (3)零冠词,顾名思义,就是名词前不加任何冠词的情况。

  1、 复数可数名词前不用任何冠词,表示泛指。

  Horses are useful animals .马是有用的'动物。

  They are teachers. 他们是教师。

  Children usually like to eat sweets. 小孩通常喜欢吃糖果。

  My sister likes to read stories. 我妹妹喜欢读故事。

  2、不可数名词前不用任何冠词,表示泛指。

  Water is colorless .水是无色的。

  Iron is one of the most useful metals. 铁是最有用的金属之一。

  The world is made of matter .世界是由物质构成的。

  People can't live without air .没有空气,人就无法生存。

  3、 在称呼或表示官衔,职位的名词前不加冠词。例如:

  Professor Li just came back from New Zealand. 李教授刚从新西兰回来。

  Mr. Rieder likes tennis. 里德先生喜欢打网球

  What’s wrong with you, Father? 父亲,你怎么啦?

  Doctor Smith sent me a birthday present yesterday. 史密斯博士昨天送给我一份生日礼物。

  4、 在季节、月份、节日、假日、日期、星期等表示时间的名词之前,不加冠词。例如:

  Milk is liable to go bad in summer.牛奶在夏季易变质。

  She was born on October 29th .她生于十月二十九日。

  We go to school from Monday to Friday. 我们从星期一到星期五都上课。

  New Year's Day 元旦 Women's Day 妇女节 Youth Day 青年节

  On Sunday 在星期天 in winter 在冬天

  5、 球类运动、游戏或表示三餐饭的名词前不用任何冠词。如:

  He likes playing basketball and football. 他喜欢打篮球、踢足球。

  After breakfast he goes to work. 早饭后他去上班。

  The old are playing chess under the tree. 老人们在树下下棋。

  We are invited to dinner in her family this evening. 我们今晚应邀去她的家吃饭。

  6、 在大多数专有名词、泛指的抽象名词和物质名词前。如:

  These planes are made in China. 这些飞机是中国制造的。

  He is interested in science. 他对自然科学感兴趣。

  We get heat and light from the sun. 我们从太阳得到热和光。

  7、 前面已有人称代词、指示代词或不定代词作定语的名词前不用任何冠词。如:

  My house is much bigger than his. 我家的房子比他的大多了。

  This garden is newly built .这座花园是新建的。

  Do you have any classes this afternoon? 今天下午你们有课吗?

  We must make good use of our time. 我们要充分利用时间。

  8、 当by与交通工具连用,表示一种方式时,中间无冠词。如:

  by train 乘火车 by boat 乘船 by spaceship 乘宇宙飞船

  on foot 步行 by bus 乘公共汽车

  9、 某些习语或固定词组中的名词前不用任何冠词这种用法是约定束成的,我们只有遵从而无旁的选择。

  go to bed 睡觉 go to school 去上学 in hospital 住院 in bed 在床上

  at night 在夜间 for example 例如 place of interest 名胜 on show 展出

  in surprise 惊奇地 from time to time不时地 in case 以防万一 in fact 事实上

  in memory of为纪念 keep pace with 跟上…步伐

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