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小升初英语语法强调句知识点总结

2018-09-04 基础英语

  1. 将非强调句判为强调句

小升初英语语法强调句知识点总结

  前面讲到强调时间状语时,通常要用it is…that…,而不用it is … when…,所以有的同学对于下题选择了A:

  It was ten o’clock ______ he came back.

  A. that B. when

  C. so D. which

  其实此题最佳答案为B,这不是一个强调句型。When引导的是一个时间状语从句,全句意为 当他回来时,时间是10点钟。比较以下强调句型:

  It was at ten o’clock that he came back. 他是10点钟回来的.。

  It was after ten o’clock that he came back. 他是在10点过后回来的。

  It was before ten o’clock that he came back. 他是在10点前回来的。

  再比较:

  It is autumn when leaves fall. 当树叶落的时候就是秋天了。

  It is in autumn that leaves fall. 树在秋天落叶。

  另外,下面的句子也不是强调句型:

  1) It’s a long time ______ I met you last.

  A. that B. since

  C. when D. which

  2) It was more than a year now _____ he had seen her.

  A. that B. since

  C. when D. which

  3) Was it here _____ you were away talking to a friend? Sure. But when I got back there, it was gone.

  A. that B. while

  C. which D. where

  以上三题均选B,即前面两句填since,其意为自从;第(3)填while,其意为 在…期间。

  2. 将强调句判为非强调句

  有些强调句型由于句子本身有一定的特殊性,比如是强调句的特殊疑问句形式,强调句型情态动 词或复杂时态等,强调句中的被强调成分过于复杂,强调句与其他从句混杂在一起,等等,这都可能掩盖 强调句型的本来面目,从而导致误判:

  1) When was _____ that the general manager left for Japan?

  A. he B. it

  C. that D. since

  答案选B,为强调句的特殊疑问句形式。

  2) It might have been John _____ bought a present for Mary yesterday.

  A. that B. when

  C. what D. which

  答案选A,为强调句型,只是其中的动词be采用了might have been这一复杂结构。

  3) It was what he meant rather than what he said ______ annoyed me.

  A. which B. as

  C. what D. that

  答案选D,为强调句型,被强调部分为 what he meant rather than what he said,句意为 让我生气的不是他说的话,而是他话中的意思。

  4) It was just in the room _____ he was born _____ he died.

  A. where, which B. that, that

  C. where, that D. which, that

  答案选C,为强调句型,被强调成分是 in this room,where he was born 为修饰 the room 的 定语从句。

  5) It was lack of money, not of effort, _____ defeated their plan.

  A. which B. as

  C. that D. what

  答案选C,为强调句型,被强调成分为 lack of money, not of effort。

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