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英语语法强调句知识点

2018-11-30 基础英语

  英语语法强调句知识点:有关强调结构的几类重要考点

  【导语】英语语法让很多学生都头疼,因为复杂难懂的句式和词组有时难以记忆。为大家整理了英语语法大全,希望对同学们的英语语法学习有所帮助。更多内容尽在。

英语语法强调句知识点集锦

  强调句型的基本结构是“It+be+被强调成分+that (who)…”。如:

  He bought the book in this shop yesterday.

  →It was he that bought the book in this shop yesterday. (强调主语he)

  →It was the book that he bought in this shop yesterday. (强调宾语the book)

  →It was in this shop that he bought the book yesterday. (强调地点状语in this shop)

  综观近几年的语法考题,我们发现对强调句型的考查主要集中在以下几个方面:

  一、考查强调句的基本形式

  这类考题主要涉及被强调成分为介词短语的情形。如:

  It’s in the park that Jack met your sister yesterday.

  杰克昨天是在公园与你的姐姐见面的。

  It is on political questions that their views are different.

  他们在政治问题上见解不同。

  【真题实例】

  1. —Where did you get to know her?

  —It was on the farm _________ we worked.

  A. that B. there C. which D. where

  2. David said that it was because of his strong interest in literature _________ he chose the course.

  A. that B. what C. why D. how

  (答案分别为DA)

  二、考查强调句的特殊疑问句形式

  强调句型的陈述句形式和一般疑问句形式一般还好理解,但若以特殊疑问句形式出现,则很容易误解。比较:

  Jim told us the news.(非强调句)

  →It was Jim that told us the news.(强调句型的陈述句形式)

  →Was it Jim that told us the news.(强调句型的一般疑问句形式)

  →Who was it that told us the news.(强调句型的特殊疑问句形式)

  特殊疑问句形式的强调句可视为对陈述句强调中的被强调成分提问得来,如对It was yesterday that he arrived. 这一句中的yesterday提问,即得到When was it that he arrived? 请再看以下例子:

  How long ago is it that you last saw her? 你上一次看见她是多久以前的事?

  Why is it that I always land up cleaning the bath? 为什么总是该我来洗刷浴缸?

  Who was it that won the World Cup in 1982? 谁赢得了1982年的世界杯?

  【真题实例】 (答案分别为DCA)

  1. I just wonder _________ that makes him so excited.

  A. why it does B. what he does C. how it is D. what it is

  2.— _________ that he manage to get the information.

  —Oh, a friend of his helped him.

  A. Where was it B. What was it C. How was it D. Why was it

  3. Why! I have nothing to confess. _________ you want me to say?

  A. What is it that B. What it is that C. How is it that D. How it is that

  三、考查被强调成分为从句的情形

  如果被强调成分为一个词或一个词组还比较好理解,但如果被强调的是一个从句,则比较容易出错。如:

  It was after he got married that he got to know Mary.

  他是在结婚之后才认识玛丽的。

  It was not what he he said but how he behaved that made us angry.

  使我们生气的不是他说的话,而是他做的样子。

  【真题实例】 (答案分别为CAAA)

  1. It is not who is right but what is right _________ is of importance.

  A. which B. it C. that D. this

  2. I don’t mind her criticizing me, but _________ is how she does it that I object to.

  A. it B. that C. this D. which

  3. It was after he got what he had desired _________ he realized it was not so important.

  A. that B. when C. since D. as

  4. It is what you do rather than what you way _________ matters.

  A. that B. what C. which D. this

  朋友说话的时候它在这儿吗?

  四、考查not...until句式的强调结构

  其基本形式为It is (was) not until…that…。比较:

  He didn't come until his wife left. 他妻子走了之后他才来。

  →It was not until his wife left that he came. 他妻子走了之后他才来。

  They didn't start until the rain stopped. 直到雨停他们才出发。

  →It was not until the rain stopped that they started. 直到雨停他们才出发。

  注:这类句型不用倒装语序,但若改成Not until…,则要用倒装。如:

  Not until his wife left did he come. 他妻子走了之后他才来。

  Not until the rain stopped did they start. 直到雨停他们才出发。

  【真题实例】 (答案分别为DBD)

  1. It _________ we had stayed together for a couple of weeks _________ I found we had a lot in common.

  A. was until; when B. was until; that C. wasn’t until; when D. wasn’t until; that

  2. It was not until she got home _________ Jennifer realized she had lost her keys.

  A. when B. that C. where D. before

  3. It wasn’t until nearly a month later _________ I received the manager’s reply.

  A. since B. when C. as D. that

  五、考查强调句与非强调句的辨别

  1. 设置陷阱,使考生将强调句误判为非强调句。如:

  It might have been John _________ bought a present for Mary yesterday.

  A. that B. when C. what D. which

  【解析】答案选A,为强调句型,由于句中动词be采用了might have been这一复杂结构,所以许多同学们可能会看不出它是一个强调句型。

  2. 设置陷阱,使考生将非强调句误判为强调句。如:

  It was evening we reached the little town of Winchester.

  A. that B. until C. since D. before

  【解析】答案选D。有的考生一看到句首的it was,再联系到选项中的that,就以为这是考查强调句。其实错了。此题是考查连词before的用法。因为去掉It was…that这一结构后,原句不能成为一个完整的句子,所以这不是强调结构。句意是:我们还没有到达Winchester这个小镇,天就夜了。

  英语语法强调句知识点:not...until用于强调句型的用法

  【导语】英语语法让很多学生都头疼,因为复杂难懂的句式和词组有时难以记忆。为大家整理了英语语法大全,希望对同学们的英语语法学习有所帮助。更多内容尽在。

  有这样一道考题,其中涉及了 not…until… 句型:

  It was not __________ he took off his dark glasses __________ I realized he was a famous singer.

  A. when,that B. until,that C. until,when D. when,then

  此题选 B。考查 not...until 的强调结构,其基本句型为:

  It is (was) not until (时间状语) that (不用否定)

  他妻子走了之后他才来。

  正:He didn’t come until his wife left.

  正:It was not until his wife left that he came.

  直到雨停他们才出发。

  正:They didn’t start until the rain stopped.

  正:It was not until the rain stopped that they started.

  请做以下各题:

  1. It was not until midnight ________ the noise of the street stopped.

  A. that B. this C. since D. at which

  2. It was not _______1920 _______ regular radio broadcast began.

  A. for,that B. until,that C. for,when D. until,when

  3. It was not _______ you had explained how ________ I managed to do it.

  A. for,that B. until,that C. for,when D. until,when

  答案:1. A 2. B 3. B

  英语语法强调句知识点:not...until强调句型的运用说明

  【导语】英语语法让很多学生都头疼,因为复杂难懂的句式和词组有时难以记忆。为大家整理了英语语法大全,希望对同学们的.英语语法学习有所帮助。更多内容尽在。

  请看一道题:

  It was not __________ he took off his dark glasses __________ I realized he was a famous singer.

  A. when,that B. until,that C. until,when D. when,then

  此题选B。考查 not...until 的强调结构,其基本句型为:

  It is (was) not until (时间状语) that 从句(不用否定)

  他妻子走了之后他才来。

  正:He didn’t come until his wife left.

  正:It was not until his wife left that he came.

  直到雨停他们才出发。

  正:They didn’t start until the rain stopped.

  正:It was not until the rain stopped that they started.

  请做以下各题:

  1. It was not until midnight __________ the noise of the street stopped.

  A. that B. this C. since D. at which

  2. It was not _________1920 _________ regular radio broadcast began.

  A. for,that B. until,that C. for,when D. until,when

  3. It was not _________ you had explained how _________ I managed to do it.

  A. for,that B. until,that C. for,when D. until,when

  答案:1. A 2. B 3. B

  英语语法强调句知识点:It is...that…句式通常不能强调哪些成分

  【导语】英语语法让很多学生都头疼,因为复杂难懂的句式和词组有时难以记忆。为大家整理了英语语法大全,希望对同学们的英语语法学习有所帮助。更多内容尽在。

  有这样一道考题:

  It was a teacher that she __________.

  A. was B. seemed C. looked D. married

  此题应选D。从句意上看似乎4个选项都行,其实这里只能填D。因为填A,B,C 中的任意一个选项,都会导致句中的 a teacher成为表语,然而按照强调句句法规则,It is...that这一强调句型是不能强调表语的。一般说来,以下成分不能用于强调句中的被强调部分:

  1. 表语:

  她很美。

  正:She is beautiful.

  误:It is beautiful she is.

  他是医生。

  正:He is a doctor.

  误:It is a doctor that he is.

  但是宾语补足语却可以用作被强调部分:

  他们选他担任主席。

  正:They elected him chairman.

  正:It was chairman that they elected him.

  2. since 和 as 引导的原因状语从句(但 because 从句却可以):

  他不能来是因为他病了。

  正:It is because he is ill that he can’t come.

  误:It is since[as] he’s ill that he can’t come.

  3. although 引导的让步状语从句:

  虽然累了,但他还是去了。

  正:He went although he was tired.

  误:It was although he was tired that he went.

  英语语法强调句知识点:当心假强调句考点

  【导语】英语语法让很多学生都头疼,因为复杂难懂的句式和词组有时难以记忆。为大家整理了英语语法大全,希望对同学们的英语语法学习有所帮助。

  有这样一道题,它是考查强调句吗?

  It was 9 o’clock __________ he came back last night.

  A. that B. when C. since D. this

  此题应选 B。容易误选 A,误认为这是强调句型。假若这里填 that,构成强调句型,那么被强调的 9 o’clock 是什么成分呢(注意它不能作状语)?但是若在 9 o’clock 前加一个介词(at,after,before等),则可以填 that 构成强调句。

  试比较:

  It was at ten o’clock that he came back. 他回来时是10点钟。

  It was after ten o’clock that he came back. 他是在10点过后回来的。

  It was before ten o’clock that he came back. 他是在10点前回来的。

  以上分析告诉我们,上题填 that 不对 (除非 9 o’clock前有介词)。那么填 when 又作何解释呢? 本题填 when,全句构成主从复合句,其中的when引导时间状语从句(意为“当……的时候”),全句意为:当他回来时,时间是晚上9点。

  再请比较:

  1. a. It is autumn when leaves fall. 当树叶落的时 候就是秋天了。

  b. It is in autumn that leaves fall. 树在秋天落 叶。

  2. a. It was lunchtime when he called. 当他来访时,已是吃中饭的时候。

  b. It was at lunchtime that he called. 他是在吃 中饭的时候来访的。

  英语语法强调句知识点:这个强调句可选 careful 吗

  【导语】英语语法让很多学生都头疼,因为复杂难懂的句式和词组有时难以记忆。为大家整理了英语语法大全,希望对同学们的英语语法学习有所帮助。

  请看这个题目,选哪个最佳?

  _________ was very _________ that little Jim wrote the letter.

  A. It, careful B. It, carefully C. He, careful D. He, carefully

  【分析】此题正确答案为B,其余几项均有可能被误选。误选的原因主要是将第二空所填之词视为动词 was 的表语,从而误选了形容词 careful,并以此为依据在第一空误填了代词 He,误认为 He was very careful 是一个句子意群。其实,此题是一个强调句,其非强调形式为 Little Jim wrote the letter very carefully. 若用 it is … that… 的强调句式强调其中的状语 very carefully 即为上面一题的题干。请看下面几例,也属强调结构:

  (1) It was when she was about to go to bed _________ the telephone rang.

  A. since B. as C. that D. then

  答案选C,被强调成分为 when she was about to go to bed 这一时间状语从句。

  (2) It may have been at Christmas _________ John gave Mary a handbag.

  A. before B. who C. that D. when

  答案选C,被强调成分为 at Christmas,其中的动词 be 采用了 may have been 这一较为复杂的形式。

  (3) Who was it _________ saved the drowning girl?

  A. since B. as C. that D. he

  答案选C,被强调成分为 who,该句实为 It was Tom that saved the drowning girl. 这一强调句的特殊疑问句形式(即对其中的Tom 提问而得)。

  (4) What is it _________ his daughter needs most?

  A. what B. which C. that D. if

  答案选C,被强调成分为 what,该句实为 It is a bike that his daughter needs most. 这一强调句的特殊疑问句形式(即对其中的bike 提问而得)。

  (5) It was not until he came back _________ he knew the police were looking for him.

  A. which B. since C. that D. before

  答案选C,为 He didn’t know the police were looking for him until he came back. 之强调句式。注:not…until…的强调句式通常为 It was not until…that… 的形式。

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