万圣节英文资料

2017-10-25 初级英语

  万圣节起初是一个异教徒的节日,纪念死去的人。万圣节源于圣徒日前夜,始于2000多年前。关于万圣节大家还知道什么呢?一起来看看小编给大家准的万圣节的资料吧!

  【The Origin of Halloween万圣节的起源】

  While there are many versions of the origins and old customs of Halloween, some remain consistent by all accounts. Different cultures view Halloween somewhat differently but traditional Halloween practices remain the same。

  尽管关于万圣节的起源和旧俗有很多不同的看法,但有一些是被所有人接受的。不同文化看待万圣节总是有点不同,但是传统的万圣节做的事情都是一样的。

  Halloween culture can be traced back to the Druids, a Celtic culture in Ireland, Britain and Northern Europe. Roots lay in the feast of Samhain, which was annually on October 31st to honor the dead。

  万圣节文化可以追溯到德鲁伊教,这是一种爱尔兰、北欧和英国的凯尔特文化,根植于Samhain节的庆祝活动,Samhain节于每年的10月31日纪念逝者。

  Samhain signifies "summers end" or November. Samhain was a harvest festival with huge sacred bonfires, marking the end of the Celtic year and beginning of a new one. Many of the practices involved in this celebration were fed on superstition。

  Samhain节说明夏天结束或者十一月,是一个丰收的节日。在Samhain节会燃起神圣巨大的篝火,标志着凯尔特一年的结束和新一年的开始。一些做法因为迷信被加入庆祝活动中。

  The Celts believed the souls of the dead roamed the streets and villages at night. Since not all spirits were thought to be friendly, gifts and treats were left out to pacify the evil and ensure next years crops would be plentiful. This custom evolved into trick-or-treating。

  凯尔特人相信死者的'灵魂会在夜里出没在街道和村庄 。因为他们认为不是所有的灵魂都是友善的,所以就把礼物和好吃的留在外面安慰恶灵来确保来年的庄稼可以丰收。这种习俗演变成了trick-or-treating。

  【The History Halloween历史上的万圣节】

  Halloween is on October 31st, the last day of the Celtic calendar. It was originally a pagan holiday, honoring the dead. Halloween was referred to as All Hallows Eve and dates back to over 2000 years ago。

  10月31日是万圣节,这也是凯尔特历的最后一天。万圣节起初是一个异教徒的节日,纪念死去的人。万圣节源于圣徒日前夜,始于2000多年前。

  All Hallows Eve is the evening before All Saints Day, which was created by Christians to convert pagans, and is celebrated on November 1st. The Catholic church honored saints on this designated day。

  圣徒日前夜是圣徒日的前一天晚上,圣徒日在11月1日,是基督徒开创的节日,用来劝说异教徒皈依基督,天主教堂在这一天纪念圣徒们。

  【万圣节故事】

  【Halloween万圣节】

  One story about Jack, an Irishman, who was not allowed into heaven because he was stingy with his money. So he was sent to hell. But down there he played tricks on the Devil (Satan), so he was kicked out of Hell and made to walk the earth forever carrying a lantern.

  关于万圣节有这样一个故事。是说有一个叫杰克的爱尔兰人,因为他对钱特别吝啬,就不允许他进入天堂,而被打入地狱。但是在那里他老是捉弄魔鬼撒旦,所以被踢出地狱,罚他提着灯笼永远在人世里行走。

  Well, Irish children made Jack's lanterns on October 31 st from a large potato or turnip, hollowed out with the sides having holes and lit by little candles inside. And Irish children would carry them as they went from house to house begging for food for the village Halloween festival that honored the Druid 3. abbreviate god Muck Olla. The Irish name for these lanterns was "Jack with the lantern" or "Jack of the lantern," abbreviated as "Jack-o'-lantern" and now spelled "jack-o-lantern."

  在 10月 31日爱尔兰的孩子们用土豆和萝卡制作"杰克的灯笼他们把中间挖掉、表面上打洞并在里边点上蜡烛。为村里庆祝督伊德神的万圣节,孩子们提着这种灯笼挨家挨户乞讨食物。这种灯笼的爱尔兰名字是"拿灯笼的杰克"或者"杰克的灯笼缩写为Jack-o'-lantern现在拼写为jack-o-lantern。

  The traditional Halloween you can read about in most books was just children's fun night. Halloween celebrations would start in October in every elementary-school.

  现在你在大多数书里读到的万圣节只是孩子们开心的夜晚。在小学校里,万圣节是每年十月份开始庆祝的。

  Children would make Halloween decorations, all kinds of orange-paper jack-o-lanterns. And from black paper you'd cut "scary" designs -an evil witch with a pointed hat riding through the sky on a broomstick, maybe with black bats flying across the moon, and that meant bad luck. And of course black cats for more bad luck. Sometimes a black cat would ride away into the sky on the back of the witch's broom.

  孩子们会制作万圣节的装饰品:各种各样桔黄色的南瓜灯。你可以用黑色的纸做一个可怕的造型——一个骑在扫帚把上戴着尖尖帽子的女巫飞过天空,或者是黑蝙蝠飞过月亮。这些都代表厄运。当然黑猫代表运气更差。有时候会出现黑猫骑在女巫扫帚后面飞向天空的造型。

  And on Halloween night we'd dress up in Mom or Dad's old shoes and clothes, put on a mask, and be ready to go outside. The little kids (children younger than we were) had to go with their mother,but we older ones went together to neighbors' houses, ringing their doorbell and yelling, "Trick or treat! " meaning, "Give us a treat (something to eat) or we'll play a trick on you! "The people inside were supposed to come to the door and comment on our costumes.

  在万圣节的晚上,我们都穿着爸爸妈妈的旧衣服和旧鞋子,戴上面具,打算外出。比我们小的孩子必须和他们的母亲一块出去,我们大一点的就一起哄到邻居家,按他们的门铃并大声喊道恶作剧还是招待,,意思是给我们吃的,要不我们就捉弄你。里边的人们应该出来许价我们的化装。

  Oh! here's a ghost. Oh, there's a witch. Oh, here's an old lady.

  "噢!这是鬼,那是女巫,这是个老太婆。"

  Sometimes they would play along with us and pretend to be scared by some ghost or witch. But they would always have some candy and maybe an apple to put in our "Iriek or treat bags." But what if no one come to the door, or if someone chased us away? Then we' d play a trick on them, usually taking a piece of soap and make marks on their windows. And afterwards we would go home and count who got the most candy.

  有时候他们会跟我们一起玩,假装被鬼或者女巫吓着了。但是他们通常会带一些糖果或者苹采放进我们的"恶作剧还是招待"的口袋里。可是要是没人回答门铃或者是有人把我们赶开该怎么办呢?我们就捉弄他们,通常是拿一块肥皂把他们的玻瑞涂得乱七八糟。然后我们回家,数数谁的糖采最多。

  One popular teenagers' Halloween trick was to unroll a roll of toilet paper and throw it high into a tree again and again until the tree was all wrapped in the white paper. The paper would often stay in the tree for weeks until a heavy snow or rain washed it off. No real harm done, but it made a big mess of both the tree and the yard under it. One kind of Halloween mischief.

  还有一个典型的万圣节花招是把一卷手纸拉开,不停地往树上扔,直到树全被白纸裹起来。除非下大雪或大雨把纸冲掉,纸会一直呆在树上。这并不造成真正的伤害,只是把树和院子搞乱,一种万圣节的恶作剧。

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