万圣节的习俗中英文

2017-10-27 初级英语

  你对万圣节的了解有多少呢?它的起源,习俗,鬼怪你都能如数家珍吗?当南瓜头忽然来袭时,你准备好糖果了没? 下面就由小编来跟大家介绍一下吧!

  【Some popular Halloween activities一些受欢迎的万圣节活动】

  Pumpkin lanterns南瓜灯:

  Pumpkins are on salein shops and supermarkets from as early as the beginning of October.

  By the last week of October you can see pumpkin lanterns everywhere in shop windows and in people's houses.

  Although British people used to use potatoes and turnips, now they use pumpkins to make Jack-o-lanterns unique to the Halloween season.

  The name“Jack-o-lantern"comes from an Irish folktale about a man named Stingy Jack who, because of his bad nature, was doomed to roam the earth without a resting place and with only his lit lantern to light the way in the darkness.

  从十月初开始南瓜就在商店里出售啦。到十月最后一周,南瓜灯随处可见,商店橱窗里或英国居民家里也会摆放南瓜灯。

  虽然英国人过去也曾用土豆和萝卜来刻南瓜灯,但是现在他们都用南瓜做万圣节特有的“杰克灯”了。

  杰克这名字来自爱尔兰民间故事中一个小气鬼,由于他人品不好,所以死无去处,只能靠提着一个南瓜灯的亮光在黑暗中游荡。

  Trick or treating不给糖果就捣乱:

  Children love this game! They dress up and then knock on the doors of people's houses in their neighbourhood asking for a ‘trick or treat’. The neighbour gives them chocolates, sweets or money as a ‘treat’.

  If there is no treat, the children play a trick on the neighbour, for example, they might throw soap at the window.

  It only happens once a year so even the stingiest adultsmightgive something to the kids as a treat!

  孩子们可喜欢这个游戏啦!他们化了妆,接着就去邻居家里敲门要“treat 款待”。一般来说邻居都会给孩子们一些巧克力、糖果或钱。

  如果邻居不给点儿东西意思一下,那么孩子们就会搞点恶作剧,比如他们会把肥皂往玻璃窗上抹。想想一年只有这么一次,所以即便最财迷的人一般也会给孩子们一些“款待”的。

  Halloween parties万圣节派对:

  Across the UK, people throw parties to celebrate Halloween. The biggest Halloween party has to be in Sheffield at the end of October.

  A lot of people go there to experience Fright Night. Can you image a party with about 40,000 people?

  There are activities for people of all ages: fancy dress catwalk, urban dance, a monster in a fountain and a zombie garden, as well as the traditional apple bobbing and a competition for the best pumpkin lantern.

  英国各地都会举办各种派对聚会活动来欢度节日。不过最隆重的要数谢菲尔德的万圣节大派对了。很多人都会去体验一下那里的“恐惧夜晚”。你能想象一个四万人的聚会吗?

  不论你是什么年龄都会有适合你的活动:化妆走猫步,都市舞,山中大怪还有吸血鬼公园,再有就是英国传统的咬苹果比赛和评选最佳南瓜灯。

  Apple bobbing咬苹果:

  This is a fun and competitive game which is very traditional. What you do is to place lots of apples in a large tub or a bowl of water - not too cold or too hot.

  This is because the participants or competitors have to take a bite from one of the apples without using their hands.

  Sometimes the participants are blindfolded, just to make it even more challenging and fun.

  咬苹果(Apple bobbing)是万圣节的一个有趣的'竞争游戏,很传统。你需要把很多苹果放在大盆或大桶里,盛满了水,水吗要不冷也不热因为参赛者必须在不用手帮忙的情况下用嘴叼住苹果咬一口。

  有时候为了让游戏更难也更有趣还会把参赛人的眼睛蒙住。

  【万圣节的习俗】

  面具化装

  在古时候,如果有旱灾或是其它重大的灾难,人们便会带上丑陋的面具,因为他们害怕深夜还在外面游走的恶灵,如果晚上必须出门,便会戴上面具或用动物的皮毛装饰自己,希望恶灵认不出他们来,或被丑陋的面具吓走。

  后来敬畏鬼神的宗教意味逐渐转薄,慢慢开始有小孩穿上鬼和精灵的衣服,出去吓邻居 trick or treat(不给糖,就捣蛋),要大人请吃糖果的趣味习俗。

  南瓜灯

  在万圣节还有雕刻南瓜灯的习俗,这是一则趣味的爱尔兰的民间传说。据说有一个名叫杰克的酒鬼,他有一天邀请恶灵来一起喝酒,但喝完后却没钱付账,他就设计要恶灵变成六便士 ( six pennies ) 来付酒钱,可是杰克又没拿它来付钱,反而用一条银纸镇住恶灵让它出不来。

  恶灵苦苦哀求杰克放他出来并答应不来吓他、骚扰他,于是杰克就它出来,到了第二年万圣节,恶灵又与杰克达成协议,答应这一年不会来骚扰杰克,但没过多久杰克就过世了,这时天堂拒绝收容他,杰克只好到地狱报到,可是因为恶灵已经答应他这一年不骚扰他,所以也无法收容杰克。

  天堂地狱都去不得,杰克怎么办呢?而且路实在是太黑了,杰克也找不出路离开,这时恶灵就丢给他一块已经烧得通红的煤炭让他在黑暗的地狱中比较能看清楚路,杰克将这小块媒炭灰烬放在一个打了许多洞的菜头当中,好让它烧久一点。

  根据这个传说,后来爱尔兰人就用菜头来制作他们所谓的"杰克灯笼"。但是当移民们到了美国之后,发现新大陆的南瓜比菜头普遍,于是改为用南瓜雕刻成各种鬼脸,然后在里面摆蜡烛了,这就是“南瓜灯”的由来。

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