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2018成考高起本英语复习知识点汇总

2018-04-10 成考高起本

  高起本顾名思义,就是高中起点升本科的意思。该层次同样要求考生具有高中文化水平,但考生入校后要进行专、本层次贯通的学习,并且最终获得本科学历,这和报考普通高考大学本科的情况有相似之处。为帮助大家复习,yjbys小编为大家分享成考高起本英语复习知识点如下:

  a bill of fare          菜单;节目单

  a case in point          一个恰当的例子

  a couple of          一对,一双;几个

  a far cry          遥远的距离

  a few          少许,一些

  a good deal          许多,大量;…得多

  a good few          相当多,不少

  a good many          大量的,许多,相当多

  a hard nut to crack          棘手的问题

  a little          一些,少许;一点儿

  a lot of          大量,许多;非常

  a number of          一些,许多

  a point of view          观点,着眼点

  a series of          一系列,一连串

  a variety of          种种,各种

  abide by          遵守(法律等);信守

  abound in          盛产,富于,充满

  above all          首先,首要,尤其是

  above-mentioned          上述的

  after all          毕竟,终究;虽然这样

  agree about          对…有相同的看法

  agree on          就…达成协议决定

  agree on          同意,赞成

  agree to          同意,商定

  agree with          同意,与…取得一致

  agree with          与…相一致;适合

  ahead of schedule          提前

  ahead of time          提前,在原定时间以前

  ahead of          在…前面,先于;胜过

  aim for          力争…,针对

  all along          始终,一直,一贯

  all at once          突然;同时;一起

  all but          几乎,差一点

  all in all          总的说来;头等重要的

  all of a sudden          突然,冷不防

  all one's life          一生,一辈子

  all out          竭尽全力

  all over again          再一次,重新

  all over          到处,遍及;全部结束

  all right          令人满意的;好,行

  all right          行,可以;顺利;确实

  all round          (在…)周围,处处

  all the same          仍然,照样地

  all the time          一直,始终

  all the years round          一年到头

  all too          太

  allow for          考虑到,估计到;体谅

  allow of          容许(有…),容得

  along with          同…一道(一起)

  amount to          总共达到;实际上是

  and all that          诸如此类

  and all that          诸如此类

  and so forth          等等

  and so forth          等等,如此等等

  and so on          等等

  and so          所以,因此;同样

  and that          而且

  and the like          等等,以及诸如此类

  and then          于是,然后

  and what not          诸如此类,等等

  and yet          而,然而

  answer for          对…负责;符合…

  answer sb. back          (与某人)顶嘴,回嘴

  answer up          应对迅速

  any longer          再

  any more          再;较多些

  any number of          许多

  anything but          除…以外任何事(物)

  apart from          除…之外(别无)

  appeal to          上诉

  apply for          提出申请(或要求等)

  apply one's mind to          专心于…

  apply oneself to          致力于

  apply to          向…申请或要求

  apply...to          把…应用于

  approach to          接近;约等于

  approve of          赞成,满意

  arm in arm          手挽手地

  around the clock          昼夜不断地,全天地

  arrive at          到达(某地)

  as a matter of fact          事实上,其实

  as a matter of fact          事实上;其实

  as a result of          由于;作为…的结果

  as a result          作为结果

  as a rule          通常,一般(说来)

  as a rule          通常;一般说来

  as a whole          总体上

  as best one can          尽最大努力

  as concerns          关于

  as far as          …那么远,直到;至于

  as follows          如下

  as for as          就…而论,据…

  as for          至于,就…方面说

  as good as          和…几乎一样

  as good as          几乎(实际)已经

  as if          好像,仿佛

  as it is          事实上,既然如此

  as it were          似乎,可以说是

  as long as          达…之外,长达

  as long as          只要

  as much as          尽…那样多;差不多

  as regards          关于,至于

  as soon as possible          尽快

  as soon as          一…就…

  as sure as fate          千真万确

  as to          至于,关于

  as usual          像往常一样,照例

  as well as          (除…之外)也,既…又

  as well as          既…又;除…之外

  as well          也,同样,不妨

  as well          也,又

  as yet          到目前为止

  as...as...          象,如同,与…一样

  aside from          (美)除…以外

  ask after          询问,问候

  ask for          请求,要求,寻求

  assist in          帮助(做某事)

  assist sb. with sth.          帮助某人做某事

  assure sb. of sth.          使(某人)确信(某事)

  at a good pace          相当快地

  at a loss          困惑;亏本地

  at a speed of          以…的速度

  at a time          每次;在某个时刻

  at all costs          不惜任何代价

  at all events          无论如何

  at all risks          无论冒什么危险

  at all times          无论何时,一直

  at all          完全,根本;到底

  at any cost          不惜任何代价

  at any rate          不管怎样,反正

  at any rate          无论如何;至少

  at any time          在任何时候

  at best          充其量,至多

  at ease          自由自在;舒适,舒坦

  at first sight          乍一看(之下)

  at first          最初,首先,开始时候

  at full speed          以全速

  at hand          在手边;在附近

  at heart          在内心里;实质上

  at home          在家,在国内;自在

  at intervals          不时;相隔一定的距离

  at large          完全地;详尽地

  at last          最终,终于

  at least          至少,最低限度

  at length          最后,终于

  at longest          (把日期)至多,最晚

  at lowest          至少,最低

  at most          最多,至多,不超过

  at night          天黑时;在夜里

  at no time          决不,在任何时候都不

  at once[2t 'w3ns]立刻,马上;同时

  at one time          同时;曾经,一度

  at one's best          处在最好状态

  at other times          平时

  at peace          处于和平(或和睦)状态

  at present          目前,现在

  at regular intervals          每隔一定时间(距离)

  at one's heels          紧跟在某人的后面

  at one's disposal          任某人处理

  at sight of          一看见

  at stake          在危险中;危如累卵

  at table          在餐桌边,在进餐时

  at that rate          那样的话;照那种情形

  at that          就那样,就这样;而且

  at the cost of          以…为代价

  at the expense of          归…付费

  at the instance of          应…之请,经…的提议

  at the latest          最迟,至迟

  at the mercy of          在…支配下

  at the moment          此刻,目前;那时

  at the same time          同时,然而,不过

  at the thought of          一想起…(就)

  at this rate          这样的话,照此速度

  at times          有时,不时

  at work          (人)在工作;忙于

  at worst          在最坏的情况下

  attach importance to          认为重要

  attach importance to          重视

  attach oneself to          依附;参加党派

  attach to          使属于,使参加

  attain to          达到(理想的状态)

  attend on          照顾,侍候

  attend to          专心;照顾,护理

  back and forth          (前后)来回地,往返

  back away          逐渐后退

  back down off          放弃,让步,退却

  back of          在…的后面;在…背后

  back out of          收回(诺言等)

  back up          支持,援助;倒退

  based on          以…为基础

  be able to          能,会

  be about to          即将(做)

  be absorbed in          专心致力于…

  be abundant in          …富于,…丰富

  be accustomed to          习惯于

  be acquainted with          开始认识;开始了解

  be addicted to          沉溺于;使吸毒成瘾

  be adequate for          适合

  be alike to          与…相同,与…相似

  be alive to          对…敏感,觉察,关心

  be all ears          全神贯注地倾听着

  be at the end          到尽头,达限度

  be at war          处于交战状态

  be attached to          附属于;喜爱;爱慕

  be attentive to          对…关怀

  be available for          有效

  be aware of          知道,意识到,认识到

  be beneficial to          有利于,有益于

  be better off          境况富裕;更富有

  be blind to          不了解,对…是盲目的

  be bound for          准备到…去;开往

  be bound to          一定会…,必然…

  be bound up in          热心于;忙于

  be bound up with          与…有密切关系

  be burned to a crisp          烧脆

  be busy with          忙于…

  be capable of          有做出(某事)倾向的

  be careful of          当心…对…仔细

  be careful with          照顾;对…过细地

  be caught up in          对…特别感兴趣

  be cautious of          留心…,谨防…

  be certain of          确信,肯定

  be certain to do sth          一定做…

  be charitable to          对…慈善

  be civil to          对…有礼貌,对…谦恭

  be clear about          对…明白,对…明确

  be comparable to          比得上…

  be comparable with          与…可比较的

  be composed of          由…组成

  be concerned with          关心,挂念;从事于

  be considerate of          体谅…,替…着想

  be detached from          把…从…上卸下

  be disagreeable to          不合…意;对…发脾气

  be disgusted with          讨厌…,厌恶…

  be eager for sth.          渴求某事物

  be envious of          羡慕(或忌妒)

  be equal to          等于,相当于

  be essential to          对…不可缺少

  be familiar to          为…所熟悉

  be familiar with          对…熟悉

  be favourable to          赞成…

  be fed up with          对…感到厌烦,腻了

  be fed up          吃得过饱;对…极厌倦

  be fond of          爱好

  be friends with          与…交友(友好)

  be full of          充满

  be generous in          乐于…

  be generous with          用…很大方

  be good at          善于,擅长于

  be good to          对…好;对…很慈善

  be hard on sb.          过于严厉对待某人

  be hard up for money          缺钱,手头紧

  be hard up          短缺,在急需中

  be ignorant of          对…不知道(了解)

  be in drink          喝醉了

  be in fashion          (人、物)合于时尚

  be in for          参加(竞赛、考试等)

  be in love with          跟…恋爱

  be in sympathy with          赞同,同情

  be in the habit of          有…习惯(或脾气)

  be in the wrong          错,理亏

  be inferior to          (质量等)比…差

  be jealous of          嫉妒…

  be keen about          喜爱,对…着迷

  be keen on          喜爱,爱好;渴望

  be keen on          喜爱;渴望

  be known as          以…知名;被认为是

  be known for          因…而众所周知

  be known to          为…所知

  be located in          位于…,坐落在…

  be lost on          对…不起作用

  be loyal to          忠于

  be married to sb.          和…结婚

  be noted as          以…而闻名

  be occupied in          忙于…,正从事…

  be off one's head          神经错乱,神志不清

  be on a diet          节食

  be on the advance          (物价)在上涨中

  be on the drink          常常喝酒,酗酒

  be out for          为图要;一心为

  be out of employment          失业

  be out of style          不合时式,不时髦

  be qualified to          能胜任…

  be remarkable for          以…而著称

  be representative of          代表…

  be responsible to sb          向…负责

  be rid of          摆脱,去掉

  be satisfied with          对…感到满意

  be seated          坐下,坐着;位于…

  be short of          缺乏,不足;达不到

  be skilled in          擅长

  be subject to          易受…的;惯患…的

  be superior to          比…更优越

  be supposed to          被期望;应该

  be sure and...          一定要…

  be sure of oneself          有自信心

  be thick with          充满;与(某人)很亲密

  be to blame for          对…应负责任

  be to blame          该受责备;应该负责

  be typical of          是…的特点

  be up against          面临(困难等)

  be up to          该由…负责;胜任

  be used to['ju:stu]习惯于

  be useful to          对…有益

  be very useful at          精通

  be worth doing          值得(做)

  bear away          夺得;赢得(奖品等)

  bear down on          冲向;对…施加压力

  bear down          压倒,击败,克服

  bear in mind          记住

  bear off          赢得;使离开;驶离

  bear on          对…施加影响;有关

  bear out          证实,证明

  bear sth. in mind          记住(某事)

  bear up          支持,拥护;打起精神

  bear with          宽容;耐心等待

  beat down          打倒,推翻;杀(价)

  beat off          击退,打退(进攻)

  beat up and down          来回奔走

  before long          不久以后

  begin with          以…开始;开始于

  behind schedule          落后于预定计划

  believe in          相信,信仰,主张

  belong to[bi'l08]属于;附属

  bend one's knee to          向…跪下,屈服于

  beside the point          离题,不中肯

  beside the question          离题,和本题无关

  best of all          最(好),首先

  beyond control          无法控制

  beyond dispute          没有争论余地的

  beyond number          多得数不清

  beyond question          毫无疑问,无可争辩

  bit by bit          一点一点地,渐渐

  black and blue          (被打得)遍体鳞伤

  black out          用墨涂掉;封锁(新闻)

  blow off          吹掉,将(热水等)放出

  blow one's top          (美)气急败坏;发脾气

  blow out          吹熄(灯火等)

  blow over          被淡忘

  blow over          经过;(云等)吹散

  blow up          发脾气;放大(照片等)

  blow up          给(轮胎等)打气;爆炸

  boast of          吹牛,自夸,夸耀

  bomb out          把(地方等)炸毁

  border on          接界;接近,非常像

  born of          源于;出生于

  both...and...          既…又…,不但…而且

  break away          突然离开;逃跑,脱身

  break down          打破;发生故障;中止

  break faith          背信,背弃信仰

  break in on          打扰;打断

  break in          训练;强行进入;打断

  break into pieces          (使)成为碎片

  break into          闯进;突然…起来

  break off          (使)折断;中断;断绝

  break one's word          失信,食言

  break out into          长出(嫩芽等);迸发出

  break out          (战争等)爆发;逃出

  break the ice          打破沉默

  break through          突破,冲垮;突围

  break up          打碎;(关系)破裂

  break up          分裂,分解;解散

  breeze through          轻松地做

  bring about          带来;使(船)掉过头来

  bring back          带回来,使恢复

  bring down          降低(温度等);使倒下

  bring forth          使产生;生(孩子)

  bring forward          使涌现出

  bring forward          提出(建议等);显示

  bring in          收获(庄稼等);生产

  bring into action          使行动起来

  bring into effect          实行,实现,实施

  bring into operation          实施,使生效

  bring off          救出;成功地做某事

  bring on          引导,导致;使发展

  bring out          使…显示出来;公布

  bring over          把…带来;使某人转变

  bring through          救活(病人)

  bring to life          使苏醒

  bring to ruin          使毁灭,使落空

  bring together          使…团结起来

  bring under          镇压;压制;使就范

  bring up the rear          走在最后面

  bring up          教育;提出(供讨论)

  bring...into contact          使…和…接触

  brush aside          扫除(障碍等),无视

  brush off          刷去;掸去;拂去

  brush up          擦亮;重新学习;复习

  build up          树立;逐步建立;增大

  burn down          把…夷为平地

  burn oneself out          (因过劳而)筋疲力尽

  burn out          烧坏;烧尽,筋疲力尽

  burn up          (炉火等)烧旺起来

  burst into laughter          突然笑起来

  burst into          闯入;突然发作

  burst out laughing          突然笑起来

  burst up          爆炸;失败;突然发怒

  burst upon          突然来到

  but for          倘没有,要不是

  button up          扣,扣紧钮扣

  buy off          收买

  buy out          出钱使(某人)放弃地位

  buy up          全买;尽可能买进

  buzz off          (俚)急忙离去

  by accident          偶然

  by air          通过航空途径

  by all means          尽一切办法;一定

  by all nerves          高度不安,神经紧张

  by and by          不久以后,将来

  by and large          总的来说,大体上

  by any means          无论如何

  by chance          偶然,碰巧,意外地

  by comparison          比较起来

  by error          错误地

  by far          …得多;最最

  by force          凭借暴力;强迫地

  by hand          用手;用手工的

  by heart          熟记,牢记,凭记忆

  by instinct          凭(靠)本能

  by itself          自动地;单独地

  by leaps and bounds          飞速地,突飞猛进地

  by little and little          一点一点地,逐渐地

  by means of          用,凭借,依靠

  by mistake          错误地

  by name          名叫;用名字

  by nature          生性,本性上

  by night          在夜间;趁黑夜

  by no means          决不,并没有

  by oneself          单独;独自,自行

  by oneself          独自地,单独地

  by pressed for          缺少,缺乏

  by reason of          由于,因为

  by reason that          因为…,由于…

  by request          应邀,应(听众)的请求

  by the moment          到那时候

  by the name of          名叫

  by the way          顺便提一下,另外

  by turns          轮流,交替地

  by virtue of          依靠…;由于,因为

  by way of          通过…方法;经由

  by worthy of          值得

  by yourself          你独自地,你独立地

  call after          追在…的后面叫喊

  call at          作短暂访问;停(泊)

  call back          叫回来,收回(错话等)

  call down          祈求到;招来

  call for          要求,需要,提倡

  call forth          唤起,引起

  call in question          对…表示怀疑

  call in          收回(某物)

  call off          叫走,叫开;取消

  call on          访问;号召;呼吁

  call the roll          点名

  call up          征召(服役),动员

  call...to account          责问,要求…说明理由

  calm down          平静下来;镇定下来

  can do with          满足于;希望得到

  can not help          情不自禁,忍不住

  cannot but          不得不,不会不

  cannot help but          不得不(接动词原形)

  cannot help          不得不;忍不住

  cannot...too...          越…越好

  cannot...too...          怎么…也不会过分

  cap in hand          恭敬地,谦恭地

  care for          关怀,照管;愿意

  carry away          运走,使失去自制力

  carry back          运回;使回想起

  carry forward          推进,发扬

  carry into effect          实行,实现,实施

  carry off          拿走,夺去…的生命

  carry on          继续开展,坚持下去

  carry out          进行(到底),开展

  carry through          进行(到底);贯彻

  cash in on          靠…赚钱,乘机利用

  cash in          兑现;收到…的货款

  cast about for          搜索,寻觅

  cast aside          消除,抛弃;废除

  cast back          回想,追溯

  cast oneself on          委身于,指望

  catch at          想抓住;渴望取得

  catch at          想抓住;立即接受

  catch fire          着火,烧着

  catch on          理解,明白,变得流行

  catch one's breath          喘息;屏息

  catch sb.'s eye          引起(某人)注目

  catch sight of          发现,看到,突然看见

  catch up with          赶上;指出…出了差错

  catch up          赶上;打断…的话

  cave in          (使)下陷,坍塌

  change one's mind          改变主意

  check in          办理登记手续,报到

  check out          结账后离开;检验合格

  check over          检查;调查

  check up          核对,检验

  check with          与…相符合

  cheer on          向…欢呼;鼓励;声援

  cheer up          使高兴,使高兴起来

  chew over          深思,细想;仔细商量

  clap eyes on          看见;注视

  clear away          把…清除掉;(云)消失

  clear off          (云雾等)消散

  clear off          消除,摆脱(负担等)

  clear out          把…清出(或出空)

  clear up          消除(误会等);整理

  close about          围住,包围

  close down          (工厂等)关闭,倒闭

  close down          停止播送;控制

  close in          包围;(昼,夜)逐渐变短

  close in          包围;迫近;渐短

  close one's ears to          掩耳不听

  close over          淹没;封盖;遮蔽

  close up          (伤口)愈合;停业

  close up          关闭;堵塞;靠近

  close with          靠近,逼近;接受

  combine with          使结合;使联合起来

  come about          发生;(风等)改变方向

  come across          (越过…而)来到

  come after          跟在…后面;跟踪

  come alive          活跃起来;觉悟起来

  come at          袭击;达到;得到

  come before          在…之前来

  come between          在…中间;离间

  come by          从旁走过;得到

  come down on          申斥;惩罚

  come down on          申斥;惩罚;袭击

  come down          败落

  come for          来接人;来取物

  come forth          出来;涌现

  come home          回家;打中

  come in for          接受(份儿、遗产等)

  come into effect          开始生效,开始实行

  come into one's own          进入繁盛期

  come into operation          施行;生效;开始工作

  come into use          开始被使用

  come into          进入;得到

  come of          出身于;由…引起

  come off          (计划等)实现;举行

  come on          (劝说等)来吧;开始

  come out with          发表,提出;公布

  come out          出版;传出;显现

  come over          过来;从远方来

  come round          (非正式的)来访;绕道

  come through          经历(困难);获得成功

  come to a close          结束,终止

  come to an end          告终,结束;完结

  come to life          苏醒过来

  come to one's mind          忽然想起

  come to one's senses          恢复理性;醒悟过来

  come to terms with          达成协议;妥协,让步

  come to the point          说到要点;扼要地说

  come to          苏醒;共计;达到

  come true          (希望等)实现,达到

  come true          实现,达到

  come under          编入,归入(某一项目)

  come up against          碰到(困难、反对等)

  come up smiling          重振精神

  come up to          达到;符合

  come up with          追上,赶上;提出

  come up          走近;(从土中)长出

  come what may          不管发生什么事

  compare with          与…相比较

  compare...to          把…比作;与…相比较

  complain of          抱怨;诉苦;抗议

  connect with          连接;相通,衔接

  considering that          鉴于…,就…而论

  consist in          在于;存在于

  consist of          由…构成,包含有

  consult with          与…商量(协商)

  contribute to          有助于…,促成

  cope with          对付…,妥善处理

  correspond to          相当于;和…相符合

  count in          把…计算在内

  count on          依靠;期待,指望

  count out          点…的数

  count up          把…加起来,共计

  cover over          遮没

  cover up          掩盖,掩饰

  credit with          把…记入贷方

  cross off          从…划掉,删去

  cross out          删去,取消

  cry down          贬低

  cry for          哭着要;恳求

  cry off          取消(买卖、契约等)

  cry out          大声呼喊;大声抱怨

  cure sb. of          治愈某人的疾病

  cut across          抄近路穿过,对直通过

  cut back          修剪(树枝等);削减

  cut down          砍倒;消减;缩短

  cut in          (汽车)超车,抢挡

  cut into          侵犯(利益等);削减

  cut off          切掉;切断;阻隔

  cut out for          适合于,准备;面对

  cut out          切掉;删掉;停止

  cut short          使突然停止;打断

  cut short          中断,打断

  cut through          (抄近路)穿过;穿透

  cut up          (牲口等)宰后得肉

  cut up          切碎;齐根割掉

  date back to          追溯到;从…开始有

  day after day          日复一日地

  day in day out          日复一日地,天天

  deal in          经营

  deal out          分配,分给

  deal with          做买卖;处理;安排

  decide for          作对…有利的决定

  decide on          选定,决定

  dedicate to          献(身);把…用在…

  depart from          离开,起程;开出

  derive from          取得;起源;由来

  devote oneself to          献身于;致力于

  die away          变弱;渐渐消失;平息

  die away          变弱;逐渐平息

  die for          渴望,切望

  die from          由于…而死,因…致死

  die game          至死不屈

  die of illness          病死

  die off          一个个死掉

  die out          消失,灭绝,不复存在

  die out          消失,灭绝;熄灭

  die to the world          隐居,不问人间事

  dig down          挖下去;掘倒

  dig in          掘土以参进(肥料等)

  dig out          掘出;挖掉

  dig up          掘起;挖出

  dip into          浸一浸;掏;翻阅一下

  disagree with          与…意见不一致

  disguise...as          把…假扮成;使…假装

  dispose of          除掉;干掉;卖掉

  do a good job          好好干;干得好

  do away with          废除,去掉;弄死

  do by sb.          对待(某人)

  do down          胜过;欺骗

  do duty for          当…用,起作用

  do for          对…有效;照应

  do justice          公平对待;和…酷似

  do one's best          尽力,尽最大努力

  do one's best          尽力,努力

  do one's bit          尽一份力

  do one's bit          尽自己的一份力量

  do one's duty          尽职,尽本分

  do one's hair          (女子)做头发

  do one's level best          全力以赴

  do one's utmost          竭力,尽全力

  do oneself proud          养尊处优

  do over          重做;重新装饰房子

  do sb. a favour          给某人以恩惠

  do sb. good          帮助某人

  do sb. wrong          冤枉(委屈)某人

  do up one's hair          (女子)梳理头发

  do up          维修;使整洁;包扎

  do well          (病人等)康复情况良好

  do with          与…相处;忍受;对付

  do without          没有…也行;将就

  do wrong          做错;作恶,犯罪

  double back          把…对折;往回跑

  double up          弯曲(手脚等)

  double up          弯着身子;把…对折

  down with          打倒;把…拿下

  drag in          把…拉进去

  drag on          拖延;使拖延

  drain off          流掉;渐渐枯竭

  drain...of          耗尽;用完

  draw a conclusion          得出结论

  draw aside          拉到一边

  draw away          拉开;引开;离开

  draw back          收回(已付关税等)

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