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2018年成人高考高起专英语考试试题及答案

2018-04-10 成考高起专

  I. Phonetics ( 5 points)

  1根据读音,选择出划线部分读音不同的选项。( )

  A.peasantB.presentC.promiseD.Possession

  参考答案:C

  参考解析:

  A、B、D三项划线部分发浊辅音[Z],而C项划线部分发清辅音[S],因此选C项。

  2根据读音,选择出划线部分读音不同的选项。( )

  A.cowB.throwC.lowD.own

  参考答案:A

  参考解析:

  A项划线部分发[au],而B、c、D三项划线部分的发音为[ou],所以选A项。

  3根据读音,选择出划线部分读音不同的选项。( )

  A.replyB.freelyC.uglyD.Lonely

  参考答案:A

  参考解析:

  A项划线部分发[ai],而B、C、D三项划线部分的发音是[i],所以选A项。

  4根据读音,选择出划线部分读音不同的选项。( )

  A.excellentB.excuseC.explainD.express

  参考答案:A

  参考解析:

  A项划线部分发[eks],而B、C、D三项划线部分发[iks],所以选A项。

  5根据读音,选择出划线部分读音不同的选项。( )

  A.shootB.bloodC.roofD.tool

  参考答案:B

  参考解析:

  A、C、D三项划线部分发[HI],而8项划线部分发[A],因此选B项。

  II. Vocabulary and Structure( 15 points)

  6To reduce weight,plastic has taken________of iron and steel in making boats.

  A.its placeB.placeC.the placeD.a place

  参考答案:C

  参考解析:

  take the place意为“代替,取代”,是固定搭配。

  7We'll get in all the wheat before the sun________

  A.will setB.was setC.setD.sets

  参考答案:D

  参考解析:

  before引导的时间状语从句可以用一般现在时表示将来。

  8Susan wants to know whether the measures have been agreed

  A.toB.withC.overD.on

  参考答案:D

  参考解析:

  agree on意为“商定(协议、方法、措施等)”;agree with sb.意为“同意某人”;agree todo sth.意为“同意做某事”。

  9Don't smoke in the meeting-room,________ ?

  A.do youB.will youC.can youD.could you

  参考答案:B

  参考解析:

  反意疑问句中,如果陈述部分为祈使句,疑问部分则用will或shall。B项是正确的。句意为:“不要在会议室吸烟,好吗?”

  10John________ he could improve his exam results, but he did not have enough time to study.

  A.knows howB.knows thatC.knew howD.knew that

  参考答案:C

  参考解析:

  考查时态和连词。根据从句可判断为过去时,排除A项和B项。how表示“如何”,符合句意。C项是正确的。句意为:“约翰知道如何提高考试成绩,就是没有足够的时间学习。”

  11It's time he________something for his coming examination.

  A.doB.doesC.didD.will do

  参考答案:C

  参考解析:

  在“It is(was)+time+that从句”的句型中,要使用虚拟语气,即that从句中的谓语动词要用一般过去时。

  12--How did you find your visit to the museum?

  --I thoroughly enjoyed it. It was________than I expected.

  A.far more interestingB.even much interestingC.so more interestingD.a lot much interesting

  参考答案:A

  参考解析:

  空格后的than表明空格处为比较级,interestin9是一个多音节形容词,它的比较级是more interestin9,而far常用来修饰比较级,意为“……得多”。

  13I'm sure he understands________you feel. He's very clever.

  A.whenB.whatC.whetherD.how

  参考答案:D

  参考解析:

  根据四个选项中各个疑问代词、疑问副词的意义,结合句意,可知应选D项。

  14________their luggage, the tourists hurried to the airport.

  A.PackedB.After packedC.Having packedD.Packing

  参考答案:C

  参考解析:

  having done sth.表示该动作发生在其他动作前。C项是正确的。句意为:“收拾好了行李,游客们急急忙忙奔向机场。”

  15It was not until then that I came to know knowledge________only from practice.

  A.had comeB.has comeC.cameD.comes

  参考答案:D

  参考解析:

  客观真理始终用一般现在时来表示,句中knowledge是不可数名词,因此选D项。

  16I applied for the job that I saw advertised________ the paper.

  A.onB.ofC.inD.at

  参考答案:C

  参考解析:

  报纸上所登的东西用介词in。c项是正确的。句意为:“我申请的工作是我在报纸的广告栏上看到的。”

  17Without electricity human life________quite different today.

  A.isB.will beC.would have beenD.would be

  参考答案:D

  参考解析:

  本题考查介词短语without electricity引起的虚拟语气,根据句中的时间状语today可知是对现在的虚拟。

  18He________Chinese history and knows a lot about it.

  A.is strict withB.is interested inC.is satisfied withD.is busy doing

  参考答案:B

  参考解析:

  结合句意可知B项是正确答案。bestrict with意为“对……要求严格”;be interested in意为“对……感兴趣”;be satisfied with意为“对……满意”;be busy doin9意为“忙于做……”。

  19The fire________ two persons' death as well as the damage of all the store's property.

  A.is resulted inB.is resulted fromC.resulted inD.resulted from

  参考答案:C

  参考解析:

  result in意为“导致”;resuh from意为“起因于”。根据句意,可知应选C项。

  20Don't let that old rascal take you________with his clever talk-none of it is true.

  A.alongB.inC.aboutD.down

  参考答案:B

  参考解析:

  take in“欺骗”;take down“记下”。B项是正确的。句意为:“别让那个无赖把你骗了。他说的话没有一句是真的。”

  III. Cloze ( 30 points)

  根据下面内容,回答题:

  The number of speakers of English in Shakespeare's time is estimated to have been about fivemillion. Today it is estimated that some 260 million people speak it as a (an) 21language,mainly in the United States, Canada, Great Britain, Ireland, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand.In addition to the standard varieties of English found in these areas,22 are a great many regionaland social varieties of the language as well as 23 levels of usage that are employed both in itsspoken and written forms.

  In fact,it is 24 to estimate the number of people in the world who have acquired an adequate working knowledge of English in addition to their own languages. The 25 for Englishlearning and the situations in which such learning takes place are so varied that it is 26 to explainand still more difficult to judge 27 forms an adequate working knowledge~~for each situation.

  The main reason for the widespread 28 for English is its present day importance as a worldlanguage. Besides 29 the indefinite needs of its native speakers, English is a language in whichsome of important works in science, technology, and other 30 are being produced, and not alwaysby native speakers. It is widely used for 31 purposes as meteorological ( 气象的 ) and airportcommunications, international conferences, and the 32of information over the radio and televi-sion networks of many 33. It is a language of wider communication for a number of developingcountries, specially former British colonies. Many of these countries have multi-lingual 34 andneed a language for internal communication in such matters as government, commerce, industry, lawand 35 as well as for international communication and for entrance to the scientific and techno-logical developments in the West.

  21第21题应选( )

  A.foreignB.nativeC.secondD.Official

  参考答案:B

  参考解析:

  随着科技的发展,英语已成为我们日常生活中不可缺少的语言工具,并被全球各国广泛接受。

  根据紧接着的国家名称的提示可知是指将英语作为母语的人数。

  22第22题应选( )

  A.theyB.whichC.thereD.that

  参考答案:C

  参考解析:

  该句前面是in addition t0引导的介词短语,可以确定不是定语从句,再分析句子结构,可知该句应为there be句型。

  23第23题应选( )

  A.variousB.similarC.FhaniliarD.same

  参考答案:A

  参考解析:

  由前面的varicries of the language提示,以及as well as应连接并列成分可知A项正确。

  24第24题应选( )

  A.possibleB.necessaryC.unnecessaryD.Impossible

  参考答案:D

  参考解析:

  操持语言的人数可以估计,但人们掌握语言的程度就很难估计了,所以用impossible。

  25第25题应选( )

  A.purposeB.causeC.effectD.method

  参考答案:A

  参考解析:

  根据上下文的意思可知,人们学习英语的目的不同,掌握语言的程度也不同。

  26第26题应选( )

  A.simpleB.naturalC.practicalD.Difficult

  参考答案:D

  参考解析:

  该空后面的still more difficult就是提示。

  27第27题应选( )

  A.whatB.howC.whyD.where

  参考答案:A

  参考解析:

  分析句子,judge是动词,后面应该接从句且所填词应作宾语从句的主语。

  28第28题应选( )

  A.requireB.requestC.supplyD.Demand

  参考答案:D

  参考解析:

  根据后一句中的a world language可知应选择demand表示对英语的需求。

  29第29题应选( )

  A.providingB.servingC.supposingD.Leaving

  参考答案:B

  参考解析:

  根据the indefinite needs可知应选择servin9,意思为“满足不同的需要”。

  30第30题应选( )

  A.areasB.coursesC.racesD.Fields

  参考答案:D

  参考解析:

  分析四个选项areas,courses,races,fields的意思、,fields的意思最准确,意思为“领域”,与前面的other搭配构成意义完整的句子。

  31第31题应选( )

  A.suchB.allC.manyD.Those

  参考答案:A

  参考解析:

  such与空格后的as搭配。

  32第32题应选( )

  A.useB.spreadC.coverD.connection

  参考答案:B

  参考解析:

  根据0ver the radio and television net.works可以确定答案为spread,意思为“语言的传播”。

  33第33题应选( )

  A.citiesB.stationsC.statesD.Nations

  参考答案:D

  参考解析:

  根据前面句子中的networks“网络”可知应选择nations,指“国家”。其他选项只是国家的部分地区。

  34第34题应选( )

  A.languagesB.populationsC.accentsD.Customs

  参考答案:B

  参考解析:

  根据British colonies可推测应表示各种“人口”。

  35第35题应选( )

  A.educationB.marketC.collegeD.business参考答案:A

  参考解析:

  market,business包括在commerce中;college包括在education中。

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