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英语最基础的语法句型

2017-06-14 少儿基础英语

  学习英语基础口语,迅速提高英语口语水平对当代中国人,尤其是年轻一代显的尤为重要。下面是小编整理的关于英语最基础的语法句型,希望大家认真阅读!

  句型1.S(主) + Vi(不迭物动词)(谓)

  Time flies.

  1) S + V + adverbial(状语) 内容来自

  Birds sing beautifully.

  2) S + Vi+ prep Phrase(介词短语)

  He went on holiday.

  3) S + Vi+ Infinitive (不定式)

  We stopped to have a rest.

  4) S + Vi+ Participle (分词) CopyRight .com

  I'll go swimming.

  句型2. S (主)+ Vt (及物动词)(谓)+ O(宾)

  We like English.

  1) S + VT + N/Pron

  I like music.

  I like her.

  2) S + VT + infinitive(不定式)

  I want to help him. 内容来自

  常用于这句型的动词有:attempt, dare, decide, desire, expect, hope, intend, learn, need, offer, pretend, promise,

  propose, purpose, refuse, want, wish等。

  3) S + VT + Wh-Word + Infinitive

  I don't know what to do.

  常用于这句型的动词有:ask, consider, decide, discover, explain, find out, forget, guess, inquire, know, learn,

  observe, remember, see, settle, tell, think, understand, wonder等。

  4) S + VT + Gerund

  I enjoy living here.

  常用于这句型的动词有:admit, advise, avoid, consider, defend, enjoy, excuse, finish, forbid, mind, miss,

  practise, risk, suggest, give up, can't help等。 内容来自

  5) S + VT + That-clause

  I don't think (that) he is right. 内容来自

  常用于这句型的动词有:Admit, believe, command, confess, declare, demand, deny, doubt, expect, explain, feel(觉得)

  , hear(据说), hope, imagine, intend, know, mean, mind(警惕), notice, propose, request, report, say, see

  (看出),show, suggest, suppose, think, understand, wish, wonder(以为奇怪)。

  句型3. S (主)+ V(谓)(lv)( 系动词)+ P(表)

  We are Chinese.

  除了be 系动词外,还有一些动词也可能用作系动词,1)表感官的动词,feel, smell, taste, sound, look, appear, seem 等。

  2) 表转变变革的动词,become, get, grow, turn, go,等。 3)表持续的动词 remain, keep, seem, hold, stay, rest等。

  4)表刹时的动词 come, fall, set, cut, occur等 5)其余动词 eat, lie, prove, ring, run, shine, sit, stand, continue,

  hang等。

  1) S + Lv + N/Pron(名词/代词)

  He is a boy.

  This is mine.

  2) S + Lv + Adj(形容词) CopyRight .com

  She is beautiful.

  3) S + Lv + Adv (副词)

  Class is over.

  4) S + Lv + Prep Phrase

  He is in good health. 内容来自

  5) S + Lv + Participle(分词)

  He is excited. CopyRight .com

  The film is interesting.

  句型4. S (主)+ VT (谓)+ In O(间接 宾) + D O(直接 宾)

  I give you help.

  1) S + VT + N/Pron + N

  I sent him a book.

  I bought May a book. 内容来自

  2) S + VT + N/Pron + To/for-phrase

  He sent a book to me.

  He bought a coat for me.

  间接宾语前须要加to 的常用动词有:allow, bring, deny, do(带来), give, grant, hand, leave, lend, offer, owe,

  pass, pay, permit, promise, read, refuse, render, restore, sell, send, show, teach, tell wish, write等。 CopyRight .com

  间接宾语前需要加for 的常用动词有:bring, buy, cash, choose, fetch, get, leave, make, order, paint, play(演奏),

  save, sing, spare等。

  句型5. S (主)+ VT(谓)+ O(宾) + O C(宾补)

  I make you clear.

  1) S + VT + N/Pron + N

  We named our baby Tom.

  常用于这句型的动词有:appoint, call, choose, elect, entitle, find, make, name, nominate(命名)。 内容来自

  2) S + VT + N/Pron + Adj

  He painted the wall white. CopyRight .com

  常用于这句型的动词有:beat, boil, cut, drive, find, get, hold, keep, leave, like, make, paint, see, set, turn,

  want, wash, wipe, wish等。 CopyRight .com

  3) S + VT + N/Pron + Prep Phrase

  She always keeps everything in good order. 内容来自

  4) S + VT + N/Pron + Infinitive

  I wish you to stay. 内容来自

  I made him work

  常用于这句型的动词有:a)不定式带to的词:advice, allow, ask, beg, cause, choose, command, decide, encourage, CopyRight .com

  expect, force, get, hate, invite, know, leave, like, love, order, permit, persuade, prefer, remain, request,

  teach, tell, want, warn, wish等。b)不定式不带to的词:feel, have, hear, know, let, listen to, look at, make,

  notice, see, watch等。

  5) S + VT + N/Pron + Participle (分词)

  I heard my name called.

  I feel something moving.

  常用于这句型的动词有:catch, feel, find, get, have, hear, imagine, keep, leave, listen to, look at, notice, CopyRight .com

  observe, perceive, see, set, smell, start, watch等。

  6) S + VT + N/Pron + Wh-word + Infinitive

  He show me how to do it.

  常用于这句型的动词有:advise, ask, inform, show, teach, tell等。

  7) S + VT + N/Pron + That-clause

  He told me that the film was great. 内容来自

  常用于这句型的动词有:assure, inform, promise, remind, teach, tell, warm等。

  S + VT + N/Pron + Wh-Clause 内容来自

  He asked me what he should do.

  常用于这句型的动词有:Advise, ask, inform, show, teach, tell.

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