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英语口语演讲技巧「」

2018-02-19 演讲技巧

  演讲是一门艺术,好的英文演讲必须掌握大量的演讲技巧,下面小编就来和大家分享一些,欢迎阅读!

英语口语演讲技巧「精选」

  1、演讲要素12项

  这就是Presenting Skills(演说技巧):

  (1)Know your topic(知道你要讲什么题目)。

  (2)Know your audience(了解你的听众)。

  (3)Know your start and stop times,as well as who else is on(知道你开始和停止的时间以及除你之外还有谁要讲话)。

  (4)Know what you want people to do differently and tell them(对你所说的和人们所做的有什么不同,心中要有数,并让听众知道)。

  (5)Make major points.(写下你的讲话要点)。

  (6)Check all your equipment,sound,lighting and seating arrangements.(检查你的器材、音响、灯光和座位)。

  (7)Ask someone you trust and respect to constructively critique you.(请一个你所信任和尊敬的人对你的讲稿提出建设性的批评和意见)。

  (8)Relax before you go on.(演讲前要放松) 。

  (9)Practise,practise,practise.(练习、练习,再练习)。

  (10)Remember that even if you miss a bit or forget a couple of lines,nobody knows except you.(记住即或你漏掉一点或忘掉几行,除了你自己,别人是不会发现的)。

  (11)Omit telling jokes unless you are already a good joke-teller or plan to get better.(收起你想讲的笑话,除非你已经擅长讲笑话或者计划在这方面有所提高)。

  (12)Have fun(要有趣味)。

  2、演讲切忌

  Talking too rapidly;

  语速太快;

  Speaking in a monotone;

  声音单调;

  Using too high a vocal pitch;

  声音尖细;

  Talking and not saying much;

  “谈”得太多,说得太少;

  Presenting without enough emotion or passion;

  感情不充分;

  Talking down to the audience;

  对观众采取一种居高临下的姿态;

  Using too many "big" words;

  夸张的词语使用得太多;

  Using abstractions without giving concrete examples;

  使用抽象概念而不给出事例加以说明;

  Using unfamiliar technical jargon;

  使用别人不熟悉的技术术语;

  Using slang or profanity;

  使用俚语或粗俗语;

  Disorganized and rambling performance;

  演讲无组织,散乱无序;

  Indirect communication i.e. beating around the bush;

  说话绕弯子,不切中主题;

  3、怎样与听众交流

  A message worth communicating;

  要有值得交流的观点;

  Gain the listeners' atention: capture their interest and build their trust;

  引起听众的注意:抓住他们的兴趣并赢得信任;

  Emphasize understanding;

  重视理解;

  Obtain their feedback;

  获得反馈;

  Watch your emotional tone;

  注意声调要有感情;

  Persuade the audience;

  说服听众;

  4、怎样变得自信

  Smile and glance at the audience;

  微笑并看着观众;

  Start very slowly, with your shoulders back and your chin up;

  开始发言时要慢一点,身体保持昂首挺胸的姿态;

  Open your speech by saying something very frankly;

  开场白说一些真诚话;

  Wear your very best clothes;

  穿上自己最好的衣服;

  Say something positive to yourself;

  对自己说一些积极的话;

  5、演讲的四个目标

  To offer information;

  提供信息;

  To entertain the audience;

  使听众感到乐趣;

  To touch emotions;

  动之以情;

  To move to action;

  使听众行动起来;

  6、怎样组织演讲

  To have a structure: such as first, second, third; geographically, north, south, east, west; compare and contrasts; our side versus their side; negative and positive;

  要有一个结构:可以分一二三点;可以从地理上分东南西北;比较与对比;我方与他方;正面与反面;

  To label the materials such as jokes, funny anecdotes, favorite sayings, interesting statistics;

  将材料归类整理,如笑话、趣事、名人名言、有趣的数据;

  To use notecards;

  使用卡片;

  7、怎样使用卡片

  Number your cards on the top right;

  在卡片的右上角标上数字;

  Write a complete sentence on both your first and last card;

  在第一张和最后一张上写上完整的句子;

  Write up to five key words on other cards;

  其他卡片上最多只能写五个关键词;

  Use color to mark the words you want to emphasize;

  用颜色来标记你想强调的词;

  Remind yourself at a particular sport to check the time.

  在某一处提醒自己查看时间。

  8、如何对付忘词

  Just smile and go to the next card. Not the one in front of you, but to the next following. Look at the first word on it. This will be the point from which you will now continue. Of course you missed part of your speech. But nobody will notice it. They will blame themselves for not following your thoughts.

  只需要微微一笑,继续下一张卡片上的内容,不是摆在你目前的'那张卡片,而是下一张。看一下卡片上的第一个单词,这就是你要继续的要点。当然你会遗漏一部分内容,但是没有人会注意到这一点。听众只会责怪自己没有跟上你的思路。

  9、如何开头

  To tell a story (about yourself);

  讲个(自己的)故事;

  To acknowledge the occasion of the gathering;

  对大家能够聚在一起表示感谢;

  To pay the listeners a compliment;

  称赞一下听众;

  To quote ;

  引用名人名言;

  To use unusual statistics;

  使用一些不平常的数据;

  To ask the audience a challenging question;

  问观众一个挑战性的问题;

  To show a video or a slide.

  播放录像带或看幻灯片。

  10、如何结尾

  To repeat your opening;

  重复你的开头;

  To summarize your presentation;

  概括你的演讲;

  To close with an anecdote;

  以趣事结尾;

  To end with a call to action;

  以号召行动结尾;

  To ask a rhetorical question;

  以反问结尾;

  To make a statement;

  以一个陈述句结尾;

  To show an outline of your presentation.

  展示演讲大纲

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