㈠词汇与语法 (PART II:VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR)
㈢阅读理解(PARTIV: READING COMPREHENSION)
㈣写作(PART I: WRITING)
Directions:There are 25 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there arefour choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completesthe sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
一、 When he was here last year, our new library_____.
A. wasbuilding B. has been built
C. was beingbuilt D. was to build
二、 Most people ____to the conference next month are famous scientists.
A. beeninvited B. to be invited
C. beinginvited D. inviting
三、 The students strongly objected to _____ as teenagers.
A. betreated B. treating
C. treat D. being treated
四、 At no time _____ his name at the party.
A. did she evermention B. she even mentioned
C. ever did shemention D. she ever mentions
五、 With so many people around, he found it difficult to leave thehall_____.
A. withoutnoticing B. not noticing
C. unnoticed D. notnoticeable
六、 If you had done as I told you to do, this _____.
A. would nothave happened B. did not happen
C. should havenot happened D. had not happened
Directions:There are 5reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions orunfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, Cand D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letteron the Answer Sheet.
There are various ways in which individual economic units caninteract with one another. Three basic ways may be described as the marketsystem, the administered system, and the traditional system.
In a market system individual economic units are free to interactwith each other. It is possible to buy commodities from other economic units orsell commodities to them. In a market, transactions may take place via barteror money exchange for a sailboat may not always be an easy task. Hence, theintroduction of money as a medium of exchange eases transactions considerably. Inthe modern market economy, goods and services are bought or sold for money.
An alternative to the market system is administrative control bysome agency over all transactions. This agency will issue edicts or commands asto how much of each kind of goods and services should be produced, exchange,and consumed by each economic unit. Central planning may be one way of administeringsuch an economy. This central plan, drawn up by government, shows amounts ofeach commodity produced by the various firms and allocated to differenthouseholds for consumption. This is an example or complete planning ofproduction, consumption, and exchange for the whole economy.
In a traditional society, production and consumption patterns aregoverned by tradition: every person’s place with –in the economic system isfixed by parentage, religion, and custom. Transactions take place on the basisof tradition, too. People belonging to a certain group of caste may have anobligation to care for other persons, provide them with food and shelter, carefor their health, and provide for their education. Clearly, in a system whereevery decision is made on the basis of tradition alone, progress may bedifficult to achieve, a stagnant society may result.
1. What is the main purpose of the passage?
A.To outline contrasting types of economic system
B.To explain the science of economics
C.To argue for the superiority of one economic system
D.To compare barter and money—exchange markets
2. In the second paragraph, the word“real”in “real goods”could best be replaced by which ofthe following?
3. According to the passage, a bartereconomy can lead to________.
A.rapid speed of transactions
D.difficulties for the traders
4. According to the passage, who has thegreatest degree of control in an administered system?
5. Which of the following is not mentionedby the author as a criterion for determining a person’s place in a traditionalsociety?
Directions: Decide which of the choicesgiven below complete the passage correctly if ed in the correspondingblanks. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Directions: There are 20 blanks inthe following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C)and D) . You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then markthe corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Most worthwhile careers require some kind of specialized training.Ideally, therefore, the choice of an 1 should be made even before the choice of a curriculum in highschool. Actually, 2 , mostpeople make several job choices during their working lives，3 because of economic and industrial change andpartly to improve 4 positions.The “one perfect job” does not exist. Young people should 5 enter into a broad flexible training programthat will 6 them for a fieldof work rather than for a single 7 .
Unfortunately many young people have tomake career plans 8 benefitof help from a competent vocational counselor or psychologist. Knowing 9 about the occupational world, orthemselves for that matter, they choose their lifework on a hit-or-miss 10 . Some drift from job to job. Others11 to work in which they are unhappy and forwhich they are not flitted.
One common mistake is choosing an occupation for 12 real or imagined prestiges. Too manyhigh-school students choose the professional field, 13 both the relatively small proportion ofworkers in the professions and the extremely high educational and personal 14 . The imagined or real prestige of a profession or a “white collar”job is15 good reason forchoosing it as a life’s work.16 ,these occupations are not always well paid. Since a large proportion of jobsare in mechanical and manual work, the 17 of young people should give serious18 to these fields.
Before making an occupational choice, a person should have a generalidea of what he wants19 life and how hard he is willing to work to getit. Some people desire social prestige, others intellectual satisfaction. Somewant security; others are willing to take 20 for financial gain. Each occupational choicehas its demands as well as its rewards.
1. A) identification B) entertainment C) occupation D) accommodation
2. A) therefore B) however C) though D) thereby
3. A) entirely B) mainly C) largely D) partly
4. A) its B) his C) their D) our
5. A) therefore B) since C) furthermore D) forever
6. A) fit B) make C) take D) leave
7. A) way B) job C) means D) company
8. A) to B) for C) with D) without
9. A) few B) little C) much D) a lot
10. A) basis B) chance C) purpose D) opportunity
11. A) apply B) appeal C) turn D) stick
12. A) its B) our C) your D) their
13. A) concerning B) following C) disregarding D) considering
14. A) requirements B) preferences C) tendencies D) ambitions
15. A) a B) any C) the D) no
16. A) Therefore B) However C) Moreover D) Nevertheless
17. A) mass B) majority C) minority D) multitude
18. A) proposal B) suggestion C) appraisal D) consideration
19. A) towards B) against C) without D) out of
20. A) turns B) parts C) risks D) choices
Directions: Write an essay of 200~250words on the topic of “How to Protect Our Environment?” Discuss at least threeways to protect our environment. You should present your points of viewclearly. Write your essay on the Answer Sheet.