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全国职称外语考试往年真题

2017-11-30 秋梅 考试资讯

  如果报名参加全国职称外语考试,那就要认真备考,多做一些关于职称外语考试的往年真题。一起来看看小编为大家整理收集了全国职称外语考试的一些往年真题及参考答案吧,欢迎大家阅读!

  全国职称外语考试往年真题:词汇选项

  1. I will not tolerate that sort of behavior in my class.

  A control

  B accept

  C observe

  D regulate

  【参考答案】:B

  2. The law carries a penalty of up to three years in prison.

  A message

  B punishment

  C guilt

  D obligation

  【参考答案】:B

  3. These products are inferior to those we bought last year.

  A Poorer than

  B narrower than

  C larger than

  D richer than

  【参考答案】:A

  4. The organization was bold enough to face the press.

  A pleased

  B brave

  C powerful

  D sensible

  【参考答案】:B

  5. The political situation in the region has deteriorated rapidly.

  A improved

  B changed

  C worsened

  D developed

  【参考答案】:C

  6. He tried to assemble his thoughts.

  A gather

  B clear

  C share

  D spare

  【参考答案】:A

  7. The doctors did not reveal the truth to him.

  A hide

  B handle

  C establish

  D disclose

  【参考答案】:D

  8. Prisoners were kept in the most appalling conditions.

  A flexible

  B reasonable

  C terrible

  D serious

  【参考答案】:C

  9. We were attracted by the lure of quick money.

  A amount

  B tempt

  C supply

  D sum

  【参考答案】:B

  10. She’s extremely competent and industrious.

  A hardworking

  B honest

  C objective

  D independent

  【参考答案】:A

  全国职称外语考试往年真题:概括大意

  概括大意与完成句子(第23——30题,每题1分,共8分)

  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23——26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2——5 段每段选择1个最佳标题;(2)第27——30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

  SleepWell to Be Well

  1 Doyou often feel tired in the morning even though you’ve been in bed for seven oreight hours the night before? Like many people, you are not sleeping as much asyou think you are. In other words, your sleep efficiency is not that good.

  2 Sleepexperts define “sleep efficiency” as the percentage of time lying down that youare actually sleeping. According to explanatory journalism website vox, thescience of sleep efficiency is still young. There is no specific number forefficiency that’s been proven as linked to poor health. However, according to aNew York Times report about sleep quality, some experts estimate a roughballpark (范围) of 85 percent or above as a decent place to be.

  3 Shortwavelength blue light, emitted (放出) by the sun and by the screens of computers, iPads and smartphones,stops production of the sleep-inducing hormone melatonin (褪黑素) andmakes you feel more alert. Blue light tells your brain it’s daytime. Expertssuggest turning off your computers and smartphones one hour or at least 30minutes before bed.

  4 Goto bed and wake up at the same time, or relatively the same time, every day.Avoid binge sleeping (狂睡) on the weekend. Consistency is key to a good night’s sleep,especially when it comes to waking up. When you have a consistent wake-up time,your brain acclimates to this and moves through the sleep cycle in preparationfor you to feel rested and alert at your wake-up time.

  5 Oneof the biggest peaks in melatonin production happens during the 1 to 3 pm timeframe, which explains why most people feel sleepy in the afternoon. If youaren’t getting enough sleep at night, you’re likely going to feel anoverwhelming desire to sleep in the afternoon. When this happens, you’re betteroff taking a short nap (less than 30 minutes) than resorting to caffeine orstrong tea to keep you awake. A short nap will give you the rest you need toget through the rest of the afternoon, and you’ll sleep much better in theevening than if you drink caffeine or take a long afternoon nap.

  23. Paragraph 2 A

  24. Paragraph 3 F

  25. Paragraph 4 D

  26. Paragraph 5 B

  A. Definethe sleep related terms

  B. Takenaps

  C. Turnoff the devices emitting blue light

  D. Keepa consistent sleep schedule

  E. Improvesleep quality

  F. Avoidblue light at night

  27. The tiredness in the morning even aftermany hours in bed is due to D

  28. Sleeping less than 85% of the timespent lying in bed might cause C

  29. A lower production of the hormone melatoninis due to F

  30. A strong desire to sleep in theafternoon is the result of B

  A. along afternoon nap

  B. thepeak production of melatonin

  C. poorhealth

  D. lowsleep efficiency

  E. goodsleep efficiency

  F. exposureto blue light

  全国职称外语考试技巧

  1、避免被太专的文章缠住:进行练习的阅读材料不要选得太专,如专业词汇过多的文章等,科普知识类的文章比较合适。

  2、打通看教材:职称英语等级考试分为综合类、理工类、卫生类三个专业类别,除本类教材外,考生还可翻看其它两类的教材,其中一些题目涉及的知识可能对你有所帮助。

  3、掐时间做题:每天保证至少2个小时的复习时间,重点可以放在做模拟试题上。如果时间允许的话,最好按照考试规则,坚持2个小时做完一套试卷,也可以按照分值计算出每部分的答题时间,分部分进行。

  4、总结犯过的错误:把以前做过的题目翻一遍,总结做错的题目所涉及的语法知识。

  5、如何利用词典:翻词典有门道依据职称外语考试的考场规则,考生应考时可带正式出版的词典,但不得带电子词典及社会上专门为此考试编写的词典,例如名称上打着“职称外语”等字眼的词典。在以往的考试中,很多考生把词典当成“救命稻草”,抱着一大堆各种类型的词典进考场。但往往不是多数词典派不上用场,就是因为翻词典而浪费了大量的时间无法做完试卷,因此,建议大家要有针对性地带词典。例如针对英语考试中的第一部分词汇题,建议考生带一本同义词词典或双解词典,这类词典的特点是用几个同义词注解某一英文单词,考生可以非常方便地在注解中找到答案。

  其次,为了节省时间,考生最好是带自己经常使用、习惯了其编排规律的词典。在以往的考试中,甚至有少数考生对英语词典中字母表排列顺序的规律都不了解,这等于把这一得力工具浪费了。

  二、不按试卷设定的章法“出牌”

  职称英语等级考试共有六部分,考生一般都是按照试卷设定的题型顺序依次答题,但对于一些有点困难的考生来说,可能会因为被卡在某些难度较大的题目上而耽误了整场考试。因此,培训老师提出不妨来个不按试卷设定的章法“出牌”的招术。

  打乱顺序的依据是题目的难易程度和分值。长期的经验证明,第一部分相对简单,考生比较容易得分,可以排在第一位。接着,考生可以转到第四部分做阅读理解,因为这一部分分值比重比较大,多花些时间也值得。之后考生根据自己平常练习的情况,选择自己比较拿手的做。由于在“错误”和“未提及”间的判断比较难,所以第二部分阅读判断可以放到最后答。

  所有考卷全是客观题英语各专业类别、各级别和日语、俄语、德语、法语、西班牙语各级别的试卷均由客观题组成,全部在答题卡上作答。尽管英语考试分A、B、C三个等级,但每个等级的考试题型一样、题量一样,只是在阅读量及难易程度上有所不同。


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