发布文章

考研英语写作有哪些常见的语法错误

2017-12-15 考试资讯

  写作是考研第二大重头戏,考生在写作的时候要尽量的避免一些比较常见的语法使用错误。快来看看小编为你准备了考研英语写作常见的几种语法错误,欢迎大家阅读!

考研英语写作

  考研英语写作的3大语法错误

  1. 用代词时,检查指代关系是否清楚。

  例1:

  a) Sometimes teachers will inform students of the heavy burden theyhave to bear.

  b) Sometimes a teacher will inform students of the heavy burden he has to bear.

  分析:they 既可指代teachers, 也可指代 students,明显的是指代不清。其实只要把其中一个名词变成单数,用he和 they分别代不同的名词,就清楚了。因为 a teacher也可泛指所有教师。

  例2:

  a) Someone believes that the teacher's task is to give students knowledge, which may not be true.

  b) Someone believes that the teacher's task is to give students knowledge, a notion which may not be true.

  分析:which指代什么不清楚,指 knowledge,还是指前面整个句子?如果指 Someone believes,最好用 a notion或an idea归纳一下整个句子的意思,然后引出从句。

  例3:

  a) People have been fighting against the influence of TV commercials, but it often proves useless.

  b) People have been fighting against the influence of TV commercials, but the effort often proves useless.

  分析:it 指什么?如指influence,则在 it often proves useless 这个句子中显然不通。写作人知道it指人们的努力,但effort 这个词前面没有出现过,就不能用it。

  2. 相邻的句子,检查是否避免了不必要的结构转变

  例4:

  a) While we reuce the number of vehicles, the speed of traffic can be increased.

  b) While the number of vehiles is reduced, the speed of traffic is increased.

  注意:两个非常相关的意思,不要一个使用主动结构,一个使用被动结构。

  3.检查可数名词与不可数名词是否用得正确

  例5:

  a) TV presents us with many useful informations.

  b) TV presents us with a lot of useful information.

  分析:还有evidence, advice, knowledge等都是不可数名词,都不能用复数。另外, many, a great number of, another, few 等只能与可数名词配用。而a great amount of, a great deal of, less, much, 等应与不可数名词配用。

  例6:

  a) Making our cities greener is not an easy work.

  b) Making our cities greener is not an easy job.

  分析:work 用作可数名词是"作品"这类意思,而表示"工作"时,不可数。同样,在 Word has been sent out that those who cheat on exams will be punished.这个句子中,要用单数word表示"信息"。

  在限时、紧张的写作中,出现错误,尤其是语言上的错误是不可避免的。如果把这些错误留在那里,不得到改正,就会影响整篇文章的质量。阅卷人虽然不大会按你文章中语言错误的累计数目进行扣分,但错误,尤其是一些幼稚的错误,会给阅卷人员留下不好的印象,从而影响文章的分数。因此建议大家在写完之后务必要对自己的写作进行检查,修改基本语法错误。

  考研英语写作必备词汇

  1、身体、心理上的:physically/ psychologically

  2、营养不良:malnutrition

  3、健康的,精力充沛的:healthy;energetic/vigorous

  4、疲倦的:tired/exhausted/worn out

  5、体育精神:sportsmanship

  6、首要目标:primary goal

  7、参与运动:be involved with sports

  8、大众健康:public health

  9、平衡饮食:balanced diet

  10、垃圾食品:junk food

  11、减肥:lose weight

  12、吃绿色/有机食品:eat green/organic food

  13、过健康的生活:lead a healthy life

  考研英语作文必备运动类句式

  1、运动对于强身健体是必要的。

  Exercise is necessary to strengthen the body。

  2、大多数的人都在努力的拥有成功的工作和婚姻。然而,最近大家也开始意识到健康的重要性,因为越来越多的人都开始知道健康是我们做任何事情的第一步。

  Most people make as much effort as they can to achieve their own success in many aspects such as their work or families。 Yet, in recent years being healthy has been an issue which attracts much attention from the public because people in growing numbers have realized that physical health is the first thing they shall focus on。

  3、近年来,中国人开始更多地参与各式各样的健身运动。同时中国政府也开始修建更多的设施提供给大家来进行锻炼。

  In recent years, Chinese people are more willing than before to take part in various games or sports to be bodily strong。 Meanwhile, the government has been constructing more facilities available for more people。

  4、整个中国都处在这样的一种氛围中,那就是大家在享受着运动带来的快乐。

  All China is in such an atmosphere where people enjoy the bliss of taking exercises。

  5、现在大家都知道,保持一种积极的生活方式在日常生活中至关重要。只有照顾好自己,我们才有可能在工作中、在心的家庭里、在社会上扮演好各种角色,成为自己努力想要成为的人。

  We all know by now that maintaining an active lifestyle should be one of our top priorities in life。 Only by taking care of ourselves do we stand a chance of being the kind of person we strive to be in the job, at home with our loved ones and in our communities。

  6、每天锻炼对于我们保持健康也是必不可少的。当然,我们并不需要筋疲力尽。要根据自身实际情况规划体育锻炼。

  Exercising every day is also essential for us to stay healthy。 Of course we don’t need to exhaust ourselves。 We should plan our physical exercises according to our actual condition。

  7、拥有健康体魄的人可以精力充沛、充满自信地开展工作,反过来有助于他们的健康和幸福。相反,一个生病的人通常缺乏活力和兴趣去实现生活中所扮演的角色,这剥夺了他或她很多成功和幸福的机会。

  People with good health can do work with full energy and confidence and their progress in turn contributes to their health and happiness。 On the contrary, a sick one usually lacks the vigor and interest to fulfill his or her role in life, which deprives him or her of many opportunities to become successful and happy。

  8、对大多数人来说,想要保持健康的第一步是少吃垃圾食品,均衡饮食。

  Eating less junk food and having a balanced diet is the first step to remain healthy for most people。


猜你喜欢:

1.考研英语拿下大作文写作的要点

2.考研英语作文写作的语法结构

3.考研英语如何写高分作文

4.考研英语作文有哪些常用的高分句子

5.考研英语作文话题预测参考资料

上一篇:考研英语作文常见的语法错误 下一篇:考研英语作文高分写作小窍门
[考试资讯]相关推荐