高考英语完形填空的答题技巧

2017-12-16 外语辅导

  完形填空是高考英语的一个重难点,考生在答题的时候是需要一些技巧来帮助的。以下是小编为大家整理了高考英语完形填空的实用答题小技巧,一起来看看吧!

高考英语完形填空

  高考英语完形填空题的答题诀窍

  1. 依据上下文确定答案的法则:从近几年的完形填空题看,近义词或近义短语的测试力度逐渐加强,并成为测试热点。四个选项不是词义相近,要不就是近义动词的同一种时态的现象,或名词的单复数搭配。若选项词义差异很大,必然文章中藏有提示语,正因如此,往往第一个选项有时需要读完全篇短文才能准确回答。

  2. 词语语义与强于语法原则:完型填空题的首句不留空,目的就是告知短文的故事的四要素:地点、时间、人物和事由。再则,单纯语法题已基本退出该题型的测试范畴,所以,指导学生时,首先要告知他们这类现象。尽管四个选项的词语都符合语法规则,然而该题的解答必须遵循先全面理解篇章语义,再结合正确语言结构对每个空格作出准确无误的.抉择。

  3. 解题四步法原则:

  第一步:跳读。带着空格通读全文,了解短文大意,判别短文文体,同时能将会做的题及时解决掉。

  第二步:选答。这一步最为关键,要求考生对每一道题进行认真推敲,但是要告诫他们万万不可按照题的顺序答题,对那些不能拿不准的题先跳过去,遵循先易后难的解题原则。

  第三步:推敲。这实际上就是要求考生对完形填空短文的篇章作通盘考虑,把其中一些需要依据上下文语境来考虑的比较难解答的题,以及句子之间和段落之间的逻辑关联较强的认真推敲,甄别,筛选和抉择。

  第四步:复查。这是解答这类题的最后一步,要求考生解完题之后务必再把文章通读一遍,从整体上准确把握文章的真正意思,及时修改与全文有出入的一些选项。

  高考英语完形填空练习题:family shopping

  Last Friday, after doing all the family shopping in the town. I wanted to have a rest before catching the rain. I __1__ a newspaper and some chocolate and __2__ into the station coffee shop. It was a cheap self-service place with long tables to __3__ at. I put my heavy bag down on the floor, __4__ the newspaper and the chocolate on the table and then went to get a cup of coffee.

  When I came back with the coffee, There was someone __5__ in the next seat. __6__ was a boy, with dark glasses and old clothes, and __7__ bright red at the front. He had started to eat my chocolate!

  Naturally, I was rather uneasy about him, but I didn’t want to have any __8__. I just read the newspaper, tasted my coffee and took a bit of chocolate. The boy looked at me in __9__.Then he took a __10__ piece of my chocolate. I could hardly believe it. Still I didn’t say anything to him. When he took a third piece, I felt more angry than uneasy. I thought, ?Well, I shall have the last piece.‖ And I got it.

  The boy gave me a strange look, then __11__ up. As he left, he shouted out, ?There’s something __12__ with that woman!‖ Everyone looked at me, __13__ I didn’t want to quarrel with the boy, so I kept quiet. I did not realize that I had __14__

  a mistake until I finished my coffee and was ready to __15__. My face turned red when I saw my unopened chocolate under the newspaper. The chocolate that I had been eating was the boy’s!

  1. A. stole B. bought C. sold D. wrote

  2. A. went B. sat C. seated D. looked

  3. A. sit B. seat C. lie D. laugh

  4. A. pushed B. took C. put D. pulled

  5. A. jumping B. playing C. sitting D. sleeping

  6. A. He B. It C. Who D. What

  7. A. cut B. washed C. covered D. colored

  8. A. coffee B. trouble C. chocolate D. matter

  9. A. carelessness B. anger C. surprise D. happiness

  10. A. first B. second C. very D. last

  11. A. stood B. took C. cried D. looked

  12. A. strange B. wrong C. OK D. funny

  13. A. and B. but C. so D. while

  14. A. spelt B. corrected C. made D. found

  15. A. finish B. leave C. jump D. shop

  答案

  1. B。为了消磨时间,―我‖买了报纸和巧克力,故选bought。

  2. A。由文章推理出,―我‖走进了一家咖啡店,故应选went。

  3. A。 to sit at 是作为tables的后置定语,意为―可以在旁边就坐的桌子‖ 。

  4. C。按常理―我‖应把报纸等放在桌子上,而不是推到或拉到桌子上故应选 put。

  5. C。由下文可知,回来时―我‖发现他开始吃―我‖的东西,说明他坐在桌旁,故选 sitting。

  6. A。由下文可知,对方是一个男子,故用he指代。

  7. D。头发应是被染成红色的,故应选colored。

  8. B。面对这样一个男子,―我‖不想惹麻烦,trouble合乎文意为正确选项。

  9. C。由下文可知,―我‖吃的是这个男子的巧克力,这引起了对方的某一反应,比较四个选项,再根据上文,用名词surprise比较合乎当时的情形。

  10. B。习惯用语―a second + 名词‖,常用来表示―再一个,又一个‖

  11. A。根据文意可知那个男孩起身要走,故选择stood。

  12. B。男孩生气了,必定说了发泄的话,比较四个选项wrong为最佳选择。

  13. B。男孩骂了―我‖导致大家都朝―我‖看,而―我‖不想与他争吵,可见―我‖的反应与上文描述的气氛恰恰相反,故选择but构成转折关系。

  14. C。固定搭配make a mistake意为―犯了个错误‖。

  15. B。―我‖ 在喝完咖啡准备离开时发现了自己的过错,故应选leave。

  高考英语完形填空练习资料:accident

  Charlie came from a poor village. His parents had __1__ money to send him to school when he was young. The boy was very sad. Mr. King lived next to him. He found the boy __2__ and had pity on him and lent some money to him. So the boy could go to school. He studied hard and __3__ all his lessons. When he finished middle school, the man introduced him to his friend in the town. And he began to work.

  Once Mr. King was seriously hurt in an accident. Dying, he asked Charlie to take care of his daughter, Sharon. The young man __4__ and several years later he married the girl. He loved her very much and tried his best to make her happy. He often bought beautiful clothes and delicious food for her. He was good at cooking and he cooked __5__ for her. So she became very fat and she felt it difficult to walk. And one day she found there was something wrong with her heart. Her husband wasn’t at home and she had to go to __6__ at once. The doctors looked her over and told her __7__ eat meat, sugar, chocolate and things like these. She was afraid __8__ the doctor’s words and wrote all the names of the food on the paper. When she got home, she put the list on the table and __9__. When she returned home that afternoon, she found many kinds of food: meat, sugar and chocolate in the kitchen. Charlie was busy __10__ there. As soon as he saw her, he said happily, ?I’ve bought all the food you like, dear!‖

  1. A. no B. some C. much D. enough

  2. A. lazy B. clever C. careful D. hard

  3. A. did well in B. was poor at C. was working D. was good for

  4. A. was angry B. thought hard C. agreed D. said ?No

  5. A. a little B. a few C. many D. a lot

  6. A. rest B. sleep C. hospital D. work

  7. A. should B. would C. to D. not to

  8. A. to remember B. to forget C. to catch D. to teach

  9. A. slept B. went out C. cooked D. ate

  10. A. reading B. seeing C. cooking D. writing

  答案简析

  1. A。查理家境贫困,父母没有钱资助他上学,故选no。 2. B。根据下文,查理不负众望,说明他聪明好学,故选clever。

  3. A。查理学习刻苦,并顺利完成了学业,说明他各门功课成绩较好,故选did well in。D选项介词用错,正确词组为was good at。

  4. C。根据下文查理娶了金先生女儿为妻并精心呵护她,说明查理同意了金先生的请求,故选agreed。

  5. D。根据下文妻子胖得不能走路,说明她食物吃得多。此外食物为不可数名词,因此只能用a lot of来修饰。

  6. C。心脏不好,应去医院检查,下文指出为她检查的正是医生,故选hospital。 7. D。由于她的病是因营养过剩引起的,医生应让她不要吃肉,糖果之类的食物,故选not to。

  8. B。她害怕忘了医生的指示,因此将其写在纸上,故选to forget。 9. B。与下文相对应,这里应填went out。

  10. C。擅长烹饪的查理将菜买回之后,肯定要忙着为爱妻做饭,故cooking为正确答案。


【高考英语完形填空的答题技巧】相关文章:

1.高考完形填空答题技巧

2.2017广东高考英语完形填空答题技巧

3.高考英语完形填空阅读理解的答题技巧

4.英语完形填空的答题技巧

5.高考英语完形填空阅读理解答题技巧

6.2016年高考英语完形填空答题技巧

7.英语完形填空答题技巧详解

8.中考英语完形填空答题技巧

上一篇:高中英语完形填空训练题型 下一篇:高考英语完形填空的复习攻略