高考英语完形填空必背短语

2017-12-16 外语辅导

  英语短语是高考英语的重点部分,而完形填空又是英语中必不可少的内容。以下是小编为大家整理了高考英语完形填空必背的常考短语,一起来看看吧!

高考英语完形填空

  高考英语完形填空重点短语

  1. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据

  2. on one’s own account 1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益 2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责 3) (=by oneself)依靠自己 on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account不论什么原因也不;of …account 有…..重要性.

  3. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去

  4. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由)

  5. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明.

  6. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为.

  7. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句 子要倒装)

  8. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告

  9. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于.

  0. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially ) 熟悉

  11. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理

  12. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于

  13. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)

  14. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之

  15. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外

  高考英语完形填空常考词汇

  1、“看”

  look看的动作/ see看的结果

  watch观察/observe为了研究进行的观察

  notice注意/catch sight of看见

  stare好奇地看/ glare瞪着看

  glance瞅见/glimpse瞥见

  see a film 看电影/watch TV看电视

  2、“说”

  telll sth to sb = tell sb sth告诉的内容

  talk with sb about sth强调说话者之间的交流

  say sth诉说的内容

  speak in English说的语言

  whisper sth to sb 耳语

  inform sb of sth 通知某人某事

  reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事

  Bargain讨价还价

  chat聊天

  repeat重复

  explain解释

  warn警告

  remind提醒

  Discuss 讨论

  debate辩论

  figure 指出

  declare宣布

  claim自称

  mention 提起

  高考英语完形填空练习题:父亲答应的事

  Trudy, an American girl, tried swimming across the English Channel. That was August 6, 1962. Her father had ___1___ her two things. One was not to pull her out of the water ___2___ she asked. The other was to give her a red sports ___3___ if she made it.

  In gay spirits Trudy ___4___ out, swimming strongly. All the swimmers started at 7:09 in the morning. Her father and the trainer were going along in a boat beside her. At ten o’clock, rain began falling.

  ___5___, Trudy trod(踩) water while drinking and eating a chicken leg. Then she started swimming ___6___. The wind was ___7___ and the sea became rougher. Late ___8___ the wind became even worse. The trainer ___9___ it was useless trying to finish. He called to Trudy to ___10___.

  “No human being could do it in this weather,” he said. “It’s ___11___ to go on. “However, her father shouted, “Don’t grab her. Let her ___12___. “At seven o’clock the tides(潮水) turned ___13___ her. It was more difficult to move a- head. But Trudy still swam on. She ___14___ victory was possible now, for the English coast was in ___15___.

  It was getting dark. A sound could be heard ___16___ the wind;hundreds of car horns(喇叭) were cheering her on. With ___17___ strength, she finished the last 200 yards. At 9:35p. m., Trudy got out of water. She had swum some 35 miles in ___18___ the 21-mile-wide Channel ___19___ a strong storm. But she had made it in 14 hours and 30 minutes. “Well, Pop,” she said to her father. “I ___20___ I get my car this time, don’t I?”

  1. A. given B. refused C. allowed D. promised

  2. A. as B. unless C. even if D. when

  3. A. suit B. shoe C. hat D. car

  4. A. rushed B. left C. started D. worked

  5. A. At midday B. In the morning C. In the evening D. In the late afternoon

  6. A. faster B. better C. again D. across

  7. A. stopping B. rising C. changing D. increasing

  8. A. morning B. afternoon C. evening D. night

  9. A. thought B. considered C. decided D. felt

  10. A. keep up B. slow down C. give up D. take a rest

  11. A. difficult B. stupid C. impossible D. unnecessary

  12. A. go B. decide C. come out D. go on

  13. A. towards B. with C. at D. against

  14. A. realized B. noticed C. found out D. thought

  15. A. the distance B. reach C. sight D. hand

  16. A. over B. in C. with D. from

  17. A. fresh B. greater C. weakening D. remaining

  18. A. flying B. swimming C. crossing D. passing

  19. A. in spite of B. because of C. against D. during

  20. A. demand B. am afraid C. hope D. guess

  【答案与解析】

  1. D。promise 意为“答应、许诺”。此句意为:Trudy的父亲曾答应过两件事。

  2. B。unless意为“如果不”。

  3. D。由短文最后一句可知Trudy的父亲答应过另一件东西是car。

  4. C。start out意为“起程、着手进行”,现在分词短语swimming strongly作状语,补充说明了start out所做的具体事情。

  5. A。上文提到了在上午7点09分开始游泳,在10点开始下雨,可推知Trudy是在正在午(at midday)喝水和吃鸡腿。

  6. C。由then可知,Trudy吃喝后又开始游泳了。

  7. B。由the sea became rougher(海浪变得更大了)可知风力增强了(动词rise有“增强”之意)。

  8. B。由前面的`at midday和后面的at seven o’clock可知此时应为late afternoon。

  9. C。decide 意为“决定”。此句应为教练所作出的决定

  10. C。give up 意为“放弃”。由于风大浪高,不宜游泳。故教练作出决定,要Trudy放弃游泳。

  11. B。此句指在这样恶劣的天气状况下,Trudy继续游泳是愚蠢的(stupid)行为,其他选项的形容词的意义均与句意不符。

  12. D。Let her go on意为“让她继续游泳”。 Trudy的父亲坚持让Trudy继续游泳,而不让其他跟随游泳的抓住她。

  13. D。turn against 意为“转而反对”,这里意为:潮水向Trudy涌来。

  14. A。结合后面的信息:海岸已进入视力范围,可知此时Trudy意识到(realize)胜利在望。

  15. C。be in sight 意为“被看见”。

  16. A。over表示“通过某物传送”。这里指Trudy能够听见由风传送来的岸上的汽车喇叭的欢呼声。

  17. D。remaining strength意为“剩余的力气”。

  18. C。cross作动词用时意为“渡过、横过”。这里指Trudy横渡了英吉利海峡。

  19. A。in spite of 意为“尽管、虽然”,表示让步状语,句意为:尽管狂风暴雨,Trudy还是游过了英吉利海峡。

  20. D。guess 意为“猜测、认为、想”。此句意为:我想我这次得到了我的汽车。此车是她父亲曾许诺过的。


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