本节教材重点围绕节日展开，围绕人们经常如何度过节日展开话题。本课时要求学生能掌握四个节日National Day, Halloween, Christmas, Spring Festival 及句型What do people usually do at …? I… .并能自由交流如何度过假日。在本课中did引导的一般疑问句及回答也是新知之一。因为在前面第三单元己出现了be 动词的过去式，所以学生在学习的时候这方面比较容易掌握。
本节课所选的教学内容是牛津小学英语6A Unit 6。本单元教学围绕节日儿展开的。在询问节日这部分，学生已有了前面第三单元的知识铺垫，比较易于深入与扩展。这样的安排，既体现了教材循序渐进、由难到易的编排意思，又符合学生的知识水平和认知水平。关于人们如何度过节日这一话题，特别是西方的节日，。则需要学生课后及时收集资料。在实际教学中，本课采用旧话题先教新句型，再用句型引新知的方式展开，这样既便于学生接受掌握，也体现了教学内容之间的连贯性。
[认知目标] 学生能听、说、读短语及单词：visit relatives and friends , go to parties, dress up in costumes, ware masks , make pumping lanterns, eat lots of delicious food , National Day, Christmas, Halloween, Spring Festival , favourite ; 能运用 When's … ? What do people usually do at …? Did you…last …? Yes , I did./ No, I didn't.等进行口语交际。
1.热身( Warm up)
(1)宣布本节课的学习方式：小组竞赛。以座位分成四个参赛小组，按每个同学的课堂表现为本组加星，课末评出WINNER。然后，开始“每课一句”，本节课所教授的句子是“Lite is long if you know how to use it.”
2.以旧带新 [lead in ]
提供话题Birthday，师生自由交流，然后用“How do you spend your birthday?”引出本课的新句型“What do you do on your birthday?” 进而再导入“ Did you … last birthday? ”及回答。然后用Colour 话题引出句型My favourite …
T:My favourite is red . Because Chinese flag is red . The main colour in China is red on important days. I love China , so I like red. I like red , because I'm from china. Do you like China? Do you like red now?
T： Do you know my country's birthday?
S: The first of October.
T: What holiday is on that day?
S: National Day.
[设计意图] 在课中关注学生的注意力的放松。高输入量的学习会让学生很快有疲劳的感觉，从而降低学习效率。在此环节，设计了CHANT 和一段了解性文字的阅读，就是给学生创设了一段休息的时间。然后再根据高年级学生的英语阅读能力的培养需要，适时进行一篇短文阅读。
圣诞节后进行春节的教学。用一封来自外国朋友的信引出春节。这是一个美国的朋友，她先介绍了一下人们如何过圣诞的情况，然后向中国的朋友问了三个有关春节的问题：What holiday is the popular holiday in China? When is it ? What do people do on that day? 教师让学生四人一组讨论后再反馈回答。
4. 拓展、巩固(Extension , Consolidation)
(1) Listen and number
(2) Say out the holiday
(3) Try your best
(1) Look and write
The teaching design I’m going to talk about is for unit 10, from Fun with English for primary school, Book 1A. It mainly deals with colors , I’ll describe it mainly in 5 parts.
1. Analysis of Ss
Most of the first-grade Ss haven’t learned English. But some of them have learned some basic knowledge about English in the kindergarten. They are eager to learn and are interested in English. All these are to the advantages of English learning.
Analysis of the textbook
The ultimate goal of Oxford English is to develop the comprehensive ability to use the language. That is to develop their four skills, listening, speaking, reading and writing.
Firstly, knowledge objective. In this unit, Ss are required to master the five words ( red, green, yellow, brown, white) and sentence structure “ What color?”
Secondly, skill objective. Ss are going to learn how to apply the words and expressions they’ve learned in their daily life. The good news is that unit 10 is so closely connected with their daily life that it is not difficult to set a life-like language environment for them to practice what they’ve learned in class.
Thirdly, emotional objective. We should make Ss become aware of their own advantages and disadvantages in learning. And also teach them to be willing to cooperate with others. In this way to help them develop a healthy and positive character.
The key points of this lesson are the five words ( red, green, yellow, brown, white) and sentence structure “ What color?”
The difficult points of this lesson are how to motivate students’ zeal for knowledge and create life-like language situation.
● Good morning, my dear judges. I am number_______. I’m glad to interpret my teaching design here.
● My teaching content today is Part of Unit of PEP Primary English, Book This unit is mainly about Now, I will explain the lesson from the following aspects.
1. 教学内容 (Contents)
Firstly, let’s focus on the analysis of teaching content. The lesson is a new one of Unit .
It includes , ____ and . In section 1, it mainly deals with these key words,
2. 教学对象(talk about the students)
Secondly, it is about the students. Our students are in Grade
They are active and curious, interested in new things.
After learning English for years, they have some basic English background knowledge, so the teacher should attach importance to the communication with them, providing them the chances of using language.
They have learnt English for years, and have already known
It is not difficult for them to understand and use the language
3. 教学目标 (Teaching aims)
So, I set the following aims.
By the end of the lesson, students will be able to read, recognize, and use these words:
And, these sentences:
By the end of the lesson,
①Ss can understand the and get useful information from the through attentive listening / reading.
②Ss are able to talk about
③Ss can use to give suggestions on
④Ss’ abilities of listening and speaking will be developed.
(Affect; Learning strategies; cultural awareness.) In this lesson, the emotional aim is
①to help students cultivate and foster their abilities of working in groups.
②to foster Ss’ consciousness of good-cooperation and proper competition.
③to help Ss cultivate their abilities to analyze and solve problems independently.
④to foster Ss’ initiative and creativeness.
⑤to help Ss to recognize and identify the differences between Chinese and English cultures on
⑥to help Ss know some and comprehend the
①to make sure that Ss can useCorrectly and skillfully. to develop Ss’ interest in English. ②The difficult point is:
The pronunciation of
Fourthly, it talks about teaching methods.
In this lesson, I will mainly use “Task-based teaching method”, “Communicative language teaching method” and “TPR teaching method”, and so on.
① 具体steps 根据具体内容定；
一般分为：warming up lead inpresentationconsolidationhomework
②板书steps ＋ purpose 说明； ③如有可能，同时完成layout设计;
Next, let’s focus on the teaching procedures. I will finish the lesson in steps.
It will cost about mins.
After greeting with the Ss, I will begin the lesson by singing the song
together with the Ss. Purpose:
The purpose of this is to form a better English learning surrounding for the Ss, and, at the same time, it provides situations to review the learnt
knowledge for the next step.
It will cost about mins.
With the help of the PPT, I set a situation of
by to stimulate the Ss’ interest of the lesson.
By playing the PPT, IAnd then, (板书layout)
The purpose of this is to present the new words and sentences in the situation, which relates to the Ss’ real life experiences, to help the Ss understand the language easily and naturally.
After presenting each new word (by the guessing game), I will impart the knowledge of pronunciation rules in teaching the new words.
It is called Phonics.
It can facilitate the Ss’ abilities to pronounce the words, and help them to remember the spelling of the words.
（机械上口； 有意义操练； let’s do; 课文对话表演;）
It will cost mins, including
Due to the Ss’ age, I make
The purpose of this is to draw the whole Ss’ attention to the spelling of the words.
It is to help Ss to learn through a true situation.
In this step, I will give Ss a free space to show their abilities.
I will Then,
Task-based teaching method and Communicative language teaching are used here.
The activity is to develop Ss’ ability of communication, and also, their ability of cooperation will be well developed.
Making a new dialogue is to check if Ss can use correctly and skillfully.
（总结上课内容； 德育渗透； 作业布置；）
In this step, I will guide the Ss to conclude the key words And sentences
And also, I will
The purpose of this is to stimulate Ss’ interest of learning English and wide their knowledge about communication across cultures.
6.板书再次介绍（Talking about the blackboard design again）
And, this is my layout design.
That’s all for my teaching design. Thank you a lot for listening.
Part One —— Analysis of the Teaching Material
One: Status and Function
1. This unit tells us the improvement of traffic transportation and the related stories. Besides learning this, students will also learn some words, phrases and expressions of traffic, and so on. In Lesson 37, Danny will introduce a new type of transportation to us, it is imaginary.
2. To attain “four skills” request of listening, speaking, reading and writing, I will have the students do some exercise about the text.
3. Such a topic is very important in this unit. I will lead the students to use their imagination and encourage them to be creative. For example, helping them use English to describe their imaginary transportation. So I think if the students can learn this lesson well, it will be helpful to make them learn the rest of this unit.
4. While teaching them, I will also encourage them to say something about what they think the future transportations will be like. In a way, from practising such a topic, it can be helpful to raise learning interests of students and it will be also helpful to improve their spoken language.
Two: Teaching Aims and Demands
The teaching aim's basis is established according to Junior School English syllabus' provision.
1. Knowledge objects
(1) To study the new words “fuel”, “oil” and “coal”.
(2) To learn and master the phrases “think of, on the way to …, have fun”, etc.
2. Ability objects
(1) To develop the students’ abilities of listening, speaking, reading and writing.
(2) To train the students’ ability of working in pairs.
(3) To develop the students’ abilities of communication by learning the useful structures.
3. Moral objects
(1) Through different teaching methods to make students be interested in study.
(2) Love to know more knowledge about transportation and dare to express their opinions in English.
(3) Encourage the students to be more creative and try to make contributions to making new inventions in the future.
Three: Teaching Keys and Difficult Points
The teaching keys and difficult points’ basis is established according to Lesson 37 in the teaching material's position and function.
1. Key points:
(1).Be able to express words, phrases and sentences in English.
(2). Know about the improvement of transportation and Danny’s invention.
2. Difficult points:
Be able to talk about their imaginary future transportation in oral English.
Good morning, everyone! It’s my honor to present my lesson plan here. The teaching material comes from PEP Go for it 8B U6. The title of the reading part is I’ve been studying history in China. History is the topic of this passage. The story is narrated by an Australian, Leo, who tells his life in China, his family history and his study of history. This reading mainly focuses on developing Ss’ reading skill, especially scanning. So this is one of the language focuses. As for the content, because of many new words and phrases in the context and Ss’ lack of the knowledge about “history”, it is a little difficult for them to understand the passage. So the Ss may have a bit difficulty in retelling the passage in the last activity role-play. Thus I rearrange the material like this: The 3 questions in pre-reading are modified. I’ll choose some easier and funnier questions to lead Ss into the topic History. The grammar review in Exercise 3b, 3c is not the language focus in this lesson, thus it’s considered as the homework.
According to the New English Curriculum, the teaching should not only focus on the development of Ss’ reading strategy, also the Ss’ interest in English. So I apply communicative approach, making use of real-life situations to motivate their desire to communicate in meaningful ways about meaningful topics. Ss will enjoy their participation in this lesson by discussion and role-playing. As for the teaching aids, PPT, blackboard and audio tape are needed.
Based on those analyses, I set the following 5 teaching objectives. By the end of the class, Ss will be able to:
1. Linguistic knowledge
Master new words and expressions, such as emperor, dynasty, capital etc. (this is the language focus)
Be familiar with the topic history.
2. Language skills
Develop their reading skills, especially scanning. (This is the language focus I’ve mentioned before.)
Tell Mike Leo’s life in Harbin during the role-playing. (This is the anticipated difficulty.)
Love our country by learning more about Chinese history.
4. Cultural awareness
Know more about history of other countries.
5. Learning strategy
Learn to get more information both from books and the Internet.
Ok, now let’s move to the most important part: teaching procedure. I adopt 3-stage model: pre-reading, while-reading and post-reading. The duration is 45 minutes.
In pre-reading stage, there’re 2 activities for 9mins. I’d like to introduce Leo to Ss as a new friend. The first activity is Leo’s self-introduction through a short record. The record is prepared before the class with some key information about Leo. As a foreigner, Leo loves Chinese history very much, so he has many questions to ask Ss. The first one is about the emperors and the dynasties. Ss should be able to do the match between them. Those emperors are all famous characters in the Chinese history, such as Tang Taizong, Cheng Jisihan, Kang Xi and so on. The second one is about the famous capitals in the history. Ss should pick out the city which was not the capital in the history. By the way, I will provide some information about Harbin, which is the city where Leo lives. This introduction can also build Ss’ knowledge structure. This kind of lead-in could be funnier and easier, and the comfortable atmosphere can help Ss’ to acquire new knowledge easily.
In the second stage while-reading, there are 2 steps; they are fast-reading for 6mins and careful-reading for 15mins. There’re 2 activities in fast-reading: skimming for the main idea of each paragraph and scanning for the specific and important information to fill in the blanks. These tasks can help them get the general idea of the passage.
In careful-reading step, I’ll guide them to learn the passage paragraph by paragraph, from Leo’s introduction to Leo’ s family history, and Leo’s study of history, the last is Leo’s dream. Different tasks are designed for Ss: For the first paragraph, Ss are asked to find some key words about Leo: Australian, Jewish, etc. For the second paragraph, Ss are required to fill in the time table about Leo’s family history. As for Leo’s study, Ss are asked to make a comparison between Leo and his friends. The last is Leo’s dream, I’ll ask Ss several simple questions. I will make sure that Ss won’t be bored by the tasks and participate in all the activities actively.
In post-reading, there’re 2 activities for 14mins: discussion for 5mins and role-playing for 9mins. I’ll ask Ss two questions: Q1: Why are some old buildings in Harbin built in Russian style? Q2: Why does Leo want to go to Beijing for the Olympic Games in 20xx? What can we infer from that? Ss are supposed to learn more about the history of China and other countries, and develop their patriotic feeling. The role-playing is Leo’s talking with his friend Mike. They are talking about Leo’ life, work and the future plan. What Ss have learned in this lesson is needed in the talking. In order to lower the degree of the difficulty, I’ll provide some sentence structures, some questions and key words. So this can be considered as a review of the whole lesson. And this is the right time to practice Ss’ oral English and they should talk in the correct tense to practice the grammar we have learned before.
The last minute is for explaining homework: Suppose that Leo’s friend Mike is coming China for the Olympic Games, we should give him some tips. Ss are asked to get more information through the books and the Internet, and then write down at least 3 tips in the following structure: If you want to go to the Great Wall, you will have to take No.15 bus…. This task comes from Exercise 3b, 3c. Ss can not only review adverbial clauses of condition introduced by If according to the requirements of the teaching material but also enjoy learning with the given situation. As time’s limited in the class, the task is left as the homework.
Finally, making a good use of the blackboard can help Ss learn better. So this is my blackboard design: the title is in the middle of the blackboard, the left part is for some information related to Leo and also the structure of the whole passage, the right part is for some new words and expressions.
Good afternoon, everyone, It’s my great pleasure to be here sharing my lesson withyou.The content of my lesson is Senior English for China Book1B Unit 16 Scientists at work. I’ll be ready to begin this lesson from five parts. Analysis of the teaching material, the teaching methods, the studying methods, the
teaching procedure,and Blackboard design.First, let me talk about the teaching material.
Part 1 Teaching Material:
This unit is about science and scientists. By studying of this unit, we’ll Enable the students to know the serious attitude towards science and develop the interest in science. At the same time ,Let the students learn how to give instructions. this lesson plays an important part in the English teaching in this unit.This is an important lesson in Book One. From this lesson, it starts asking the Ss to grasp contents of each passage. Therefore, this lesson is in the important position of the teaching material. If the Ss can learn it well, it will be helpful to make the Ss learn the rest of this unit.As we all know ,reading belongs to the input during the process of the language learning. The input has great effect on output , such as speaking and writing . According to the new standard curriculum and the syllabus (新课程标准和教学
大纲), after studying the teaching material and analyzing the rule of children’s growing of mind,I think the teaching aims are the followings:
a)The Ss can hear, read, and use the main sentence patterns b)The Ss can understand the content of the lesson.
c)The Ss can use the patterns to express their thoughts in the proper situation.
(1) To develop the Ss’ abilities of listening, speaking, reading and writing.
(2) To train the Ss’ ability of working in pairs.
(3) To Improve the student’s reading ability, especially their skimming and scanning ability.
3.Emotion or moral objects:
a)By completing the task,the Ss increase their interest and set up self-confidence in science;
b)Teach the Ss what is “science”, put the moral education in the language study.
now,let’s come to the Important points and the Difficult points.
Well, how to achieve the teaching objects better, how to stress
the important points and break through the difficult points? As is known to us all,The modern teaching demands the teacher should improve the students’ ability. A good teaching method requires that the teacher should have the leading effects. According to the analysis of the teaching material and the students’learning background ,I will use the following methods .
Part 2 Teaching Methods:
In my opinion,the main instructional aims of learning English in the Middle School is to develop the students’ abilities of listening, speaking, reading, writing and their good sense of the English language. So in this lesson I’ll mainly use “Communicative” Approach(交际教学法), “Whole language
teaching” (整体语言教学法)and “Task-based” language teaching (任务教学法). That is to say, I’ll let the Ss to get a better understanding of the key structure of the dialogue. According to the modern social communication teaching theories(现代社会交际教学理论), I adopt the TSA method(情景教学) and TBLT method (语言任务教学)in my teaching, namely Total Situational Action and Task-based Language Teaching.The former is a “scene —
activity” teaching method .It establishes a real scene and the interaction between the teacher and the Ss . The latter offers the Ss an opportunity to complete the tasks in which Ss use
language to achieve a specific outcome. The activity reflects real life and learners focus on meaning, they are free to use any language they want.At the same time, I’ll make use of the modern electricity teaching equipments and all kinds of teaching means, it can develop the Ss creativity in learning English.
今天我说课的内容是外研社的小学英语新标准三年级起始第一册module 6 school, unit2 what’s this? 我采用多样化的教学手段将听、说、玩、唱溶于一体，激发学生学习英语的兴趣和愿望，使学生通过合作学习体验荣誉感和成就感，从而树立自信心，发展自主学习的能力，形成初步用英语进行简单日常交际的能力。
三年级的学生于本期刚接触英语，对学习英语充满了好奇和兴趣，渴望获得更多的英语信息和知识。经过本模块第一单元的学习，学生已经初步掌握了询问并识别物体的句型：what’s this? 和what’s that? 学生已掌握的知识和心理状态为本节课的自主探究打下了基础。
(2) 通过学习让学生熟练掌握句型 what’s this? 和what’s that?
(1) 能听懂let’s do中的指令并做出相应动作,如point to the …
1、学习新单词 pen,pencil,book,bag ，能正确认读。
2、巩固已学句型：what’s this? 和what’s that? 并能用 it’s a…作出相应的回答。
教育家托尔斯泰说过：“成功的教学所必须的不是强制，而是激发学生的兴趣，激发学生参与学习的兴趣，是新课导入的关键。精彩的课堂开头，不仅能使学生迅速地兴奋起来，而且还会使学生把学习当成一种自我需要，自然地进入学习新知的情景。因此，在热身的时候，首先让学生演唱歌曲“plese stand up ”，并做上相应的动作，这样的导入能很快吸引住学生，还渲染了学生学习英语的良好气氛。同时，歌曲中的物品也可勾起学生们对已学物品单词的回忆，对复习句型what’s this? 和what’s that?作好铺垫。
教师出示tom的图片，谈话向孩子们引出本节课的新朋友：“it’s tom.” ，并让学生热情地和他打招呼。告诉学生们他是amy的弟弟，今年才三岁。小tom有些物品不认识，由于刚和大家见面，有些害羞，要老师代问，让孩子们帮帮他。孩子们对帮助他人都比较热心，反应都很积极。于是老师拿着tom的图片，在教室里四处走动，随意拿起一件物品或指向一件物品，向学生提问：what’s this? 或what’s that?让学生作出相应的回答。适时还可用what colour is it?进行询问，借以复习表示颜色的单词。大力夸奖乐于助人的娃娃。这样不仅复习了旧知识，渲染了学习英语的良好气氛，而且渗透了思想品德教育。
1、教师拿着tom的图片继续指向教室里的物品，向学生提问。课前教师在离讲台较近的墙壁两侧和较远的后墙两边分别贴上pen,pencil和book,bag的图片，分别使用what’s this? 和
what’s that?向学生提问，学生可用中文来回答。教师引导用“it’s a…”来回答，自然引出新单词，进行单词教学。
1、游戏——say and point
请四位学生上来，分别站在四个不同的方位，手里分别拿着实物pen,pencil,book,bag再请一名学生发出指令：point to the…其余学生做出相应的动作，以达到对新单词的熟练掌握。这个活动完全由学生来操作，既锻炼了学生的胆量和能力，又激发了学生学习的兴趣。
2、演一演。这个部分是由学生导学。指派一生扮演tom，在教室随意走动，指向任一物品，用what’s this? 和what’s that?进行询问，其余学生扮演amy作答，以答到操练句型的目的。为了激发学生学习的积极性和主动性，可多抽几名学生扮演tom练习。这个环节主要是操练学生能正确使用what’s this? 和what’s that?来提问。对能正确使用this和 that来询问的学生要加以大力表扬和奖励。
3、小组活动：ask and answer
以学习小组（四人）为单位，摆出pen,pencil,book,bag等文具，可故意将其中的一件放远一些。然后指派一人分别用what’s this? 和what’s that?进行询问，其他学生作答。依次轮流进行，借以达到熟练掌握句型的目的。若组内成员不懂，其他成员帮助，团结一心，完成任务。教师巡视指导。
4、学习课文 what’s this?
2、完成运用任务2：将sb 25页的activity 5设计为小组活动——show and ask
学生展示出课前画好的单色物品图片，在小组内互相用的what’s this? 和what’s that?来进行问答。提醒学生在问时把图片拿出来，做出合适的动作；在答时尽量加上表示颜色的`词，教师巡视指导。 此任务的设计，重视了对学生思维能力、观察能力的培养，特别是对学生合作学习能力的培养，让学生们在师生，生生，小组等不同的合作方式中，学会倾听，学会评价，为学生的终身学习奠定基础。
Module 6 School Unit 2 What’s this? What’s this?
It’s a red pen. yellow pencil. What’s that?
It’s a blue bag. green book.
一、说教材（教材分析） Analyzing teaching material
1. 说课型 lesson type （Dialogue/ reading/ listening/ revision）
2. 本课在教材中的地位 status and function
Lesson 33 Saving the Earth is a dialogue. The lesson is focused on the topic of the problems of the earth and the functional items of Supposition/ Intentions/ conjecture/ Prohibition. Since it is a dialogue / reading. It’s helpful to improve the Ss communicative/ reading ability.
3. 说教学指导思想 teaching guideline
Language is for communication, develop their four skills, lay special emphasis on reading; Grellet put it well in his book developing reading skills:
develop reading skill/ discourse analysis; get them to understand the western culture better; improve the ability to discover, analyze & solve the problems; Reading is for information, for fun; Use Top- down model or Bottom- up model to activate Ss schemata; Interactive model）
4. 说教学目标和要求 Teaching aims and demands （…be intended for Ss in key schools）
1）认知目标 knowledge objects
a. Enable the Ss to remember the following new words & phrases:
Damage, lecture, pollute, pollution, room, standing room, be fit for, hear about, turn into
b. Get the Ss to be familiar with this sentence pattern:
If the population keeps growing so quickly, there will only be standing room left…
Give the Ss a reinforced practice on the functional item Supposition.
c. Activate Ss schemata regarding the topic of pollution and help Ss to know more about the problem of pollution.
2）智能目标 ability objects
a. Ask the Ss to make up a similar dialogue.
b. Help them to understand the dialogue better and improve the four skills.
c. Develop their ability of thinking independently.
d. Cultivate their ability to discover, analyze and solve problems.
e. Train them to collect information from the Internet.
f. Train them with some effective learning methods to optimize Ss’ learning results.
3）德育目标 moral objects
a. Arouse their interest in learning English;
b. Help them to understand the background of pollution.
c. Enable the students to love our earth and the nature.
d. Be aware of the importance of stopping pollution & protecting our environment.
e. Encourage the Ss to do something to save the earth.
5. 说教学重点 teaching important points （生词、句型；培养阅读技能）
a. New words and phrases
b. Sentence pattern:
c. improve their reading skills.
d. Talking about problems of the Earth.
6. 说教学难点 teaching difficult points （语法；发展交际能力）
a. functional item:
b. Develop their communicative ability. Act out their own dialogue.
7. 说教具 teaching aids （multi-media computer, software, OHP）
The teaching syllabus says that it’s necessary for teachers to use modern teaching facilities. It’s of great help to increase the class density and improve our teaching result. It can also make the Ss reach a better understanding of the text by making the classes lively and interesting. At the same time, it arouses the Ss’ interest in learning English.
二、说教法 Teaching methods
Five step method; audio-video; communicative approach;
New Syllabus Design encourages teachers to use this teaching method. TBLT can stimulate Ss’ initiative in learning and develop their ability in language application. Make the Ss the real masters in class while the teacher himself acts as the director and bring their ability into full play.
三、说学法 Study methods
1. Teach Ss how to be successful language learners.
2. Teach Ss how to develop the reading skill — skim & scan; how to communicate with others; how to learn new words; how to learn independently;
3. Get the Ss to form good learning habits.
I. 复习 （Revision） 5min （Daily report; 词汇diagram; brainstorming; activate schemata）
1） Suppose a bottle of ink is turned over and dirties your white shirt, what is to be done? （Wash it? Or throw it away?）
2） Suppose you catch a bad cold, what’s to be done?
3） Suppose your bike is broken, what’s to be done?
4） And suppose the earth, on which we all live, is damaged, what’s to be done?
* What can you think of when you see "pollution" this word?（waste, environment, air, water, factory, desert, climate… Try to activate the Ss schemata regarding the topic of pollution.）
II. 呈现 （Presentation） 5min
Play the song "Earth Song" sung by Michael Jackson. （Create an atmosphere）
A lot of pictures and video clips about the causes and results of the three problems mentioned in this lesson will be shown on the screen with the help of the computer.
Ss’ presentation on pollution. Attract their attention, arouse their interest, and create a good atmosphere for communication.
* Activate their schemata and cultivate their ability in collecting information from the Internet and develop their ability in thinking independently.
III. 对话 / 阅读 （Dialogue）18m
1. Pre- reading
1st listening/ fast reading, one guided Q to help Ss to get the main idea:
What do you think is discussed at the conference?
2. While- reading
Read and answer
2nd listening/ careful reading, more Qs to get the detailed information. Develop their reading skills:
skim & scan. Pay attention to the pronunciation, stress & intonation.
* 阅读： Pre-reading; while-reading; post-reading （fast reading/ careful reading; skim/ scan; 识别关键词key words;确定主题句；创设信息差information gap;T or F; 填表格chart/diagram; Predicting; Make a timeline; Make a story map.达到对课文的整体理解和掌握。So that they can have a good understanding of the whole text.）
3. Post- reading
While Ss are answering the Qs, the teacher deals with some key language points.
a. is being caused b. and so on c. go on doing
d. be fit for e. standing room f. if- clause
IV. 操练 （Practice） 10m
Use your own words to retell the dialogue in the 3rd person.
Drill – Supposition
Practise the functional item of Supposition. （P. 33 Part 2; P.113, wb Ex. 3）
（Retell; act out; role play）
V. 巩固 （Consolidation） 6m
（Discussion; interview; press conference; debate; quiz）
Suppose you were head of a village, scientist, journalist and villager, make up a conversation and ask several groups to demonstrate in front of the class.
* The Ss are encouraged to use the words and expression_r_rs like pollution, damage, be fit for, turn into, the if- clause, etc.
Think of the question:
Are we causing damage to the world?
What should we do to save the earth and protect our environment especially in our daily life?
Collect their answers and form a report.
VI. 作业 （Homework） 1m （Writing; continue the story; recite; retell）
Write a letter to the mayor, telling him sth. about the pollution around your school.
A Brief Instruction to the topic of "What should I do?"
Shangyuan Middle School Li Yi Cai
Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. My name is LiYiCai. I come from Shangyuan Middle School in Nanjing.Today I’m going to talk about the topic" What should I do?"I will divide the instruction into seven parts:
they are Teaching material Analysis, Teaching aims, Teaching emphasis, Teaching difficulties, Teaching methods, Teaching aids and Teaching procedures.
Part 1 Teaching material analysis
This period is from Unit 3 of 9A Oxford English. First of all,I’d like to talk about my understanding about this lesson.We have learned Star sings in Unit 1 and Colours and moods in Unit 2.We have also learned how to write a formal recommendation letter and how to write a report on the moods of people in last two units.Today we are going to learn two letters to a famous youth worker about Millie’s and Simon’s problems.So this unit links with a special meaning of Unit 1 and Unit 2.This period is the first lesson of Reading.The main idea of the topic is how to express their problems and ask for advice.We are going to learn the ways to deal with problems and stress in following lessons.So this period is very important in this unit.
Part 2 Teaching aims
1.Aims of the knowledge:
（1）To know the spelling of some words and usage of some phrases.
（2）To learn something about Millie’s and Simon’s problems.
（3）To grasp the main idea of Reading and use the information to talk to others about one’s problems and how to deal with them.
2.Aims of the ablilities:
（1）To improve the ability of getting information by reading.
（2）To improve the ability of retelling the story.
3.Aims of the emotion:
（1）To understand how to write about problems and to express feelings.
（2）To ask for advice to solve the problems.
Part 3 Teaching emphasis
1.To master the ‘to’-infinitives and ‘wh-’words+‘to’-infinitives.
2.To get the ability of general reading and getting information.
Part 4 Teaching difficulties
1.To recognize and understand vocabulary about problems.
2.To ask for advice
Part 5 Teaching methods
In this topic,I will use five-step Teaching Method and Task-based language Teaching.I design some tasks to help the students learn.I think if I want to improve the students’ oral English,I should give them enough chances to practice and I will use pair work,group work to let the students take an active part in all kinds of activities.That is "Learning by doing,learning by using".Let the students be the masters of the class teaching,thus,student-centered teaching method is well shown.
Part 6 Teaching aids
Projector,slide show,tape recorder and blackboard
Part 7 Teaching procedure
The purpose is to arouse the students’interest of study.
Let’s have a free talk.
T:Have you got problems?
T:What is it?
S:Eating too much makes me unhealthy.
T:What about you?
The purpose is to develop the skills of skimming and how to gain the main idea of the articles.
1.Ask students to read two letters and answer the following questions:
①What is Millie’s favorite hobby?（Painting）
②What is Millie’s problem?（She doesn’t have enough time for hobbies and homework.）
③When does Simon play football?（After school until late）
④How do his parents feel about it?
（They don’t like this and ask him to go home before 6 p.m.）
2.Ask students if there are words that they do not know.
Explain some new words briefly.
The purpose is to develop the skills of scanning and how to gain the details from the articles.
1.Listen to the tape and answer some question about "True"or"False".
2.Ask students to read the articles again and explain some important phrases.
How to solve the problems;hand in;on time;at the moment;
can’t find any time for my hobbies;feel bad;give up;
achieve a balance between the two;hear form;make unhappy
The purpose is to develop the skills of retelling with the key words
1.Ask students to make sentences with phrases that we have learned.
2.Try to retell the outline of the articles.
3.Encourage students to say something about themselves.
Step Ⅴ。Summary and homework
The purpose is to give the students a clear idea of how to express their problems and revise the articles.
1.Ask students to revise the words and phrases
2.Ask students to write a letter about himself after class.
During my teaching,I’ll try my best to get my class alive and encourage the students to talk with each other in English. I think the general aim of English teaching is to improve the ability of using English. And I’ll use this to guide my teaching.
我说课的内容是人民教育出版社九年义务教育课程标准实验教科书四年级上册中的Unit2 My Schoolbag。这一单元呈现了教科书的名称。本单元通过一系列的活动与对话来讲解大家在日常生活中描述书本的单词和句子。本单元需要6个课时完成。我现在要说的是第一个课时。
a、能够听、说、认读本课时主要生词English book, math book, Chinese book, story-book, notebook, schoolbag。
b、能够听懂、会说How many … do you have? I have….并能在实际情景中运用。
c.能听懂指示语，并按照指令做出相应的动作，如：Put your English book on your head….
本课时的重点是能够听、说、认读本课时主要生词English book, math book, Chinese book, story-book, notebook, schoolbag。语音的教学是这一环节的重点，预计学生初学时会出现较明显的语音错误，因此我要注意指导学生仔细听音、让学生观察老师的口型，认真模仿、及时结合学生发音进行评价纠误。另一方面，在所学单词中很多都于book有关，这些单词的书写形式有所不同，学生很容易出错，要及时相机指导，而且这些单词中还设计到合成词，如：school+book=schoolbook,所有的这些都要让学生抓住，抓牢。
难点是能够听懂、会说How many … do you have? I have….并能在实际情景中运用。在这个句型设计到单词的复数形式，对于学生来说是个难点，要详解。
Step1：Warming up 创设情景，引入新知
（1） Sing a song.
唱一唱学过的歌曲《In the classroom》，既活跃了气氛，又能使学生尽快地融入英语课堂学习的氛围。
（2）通过听指令做动作（如：point to the window , point to the door ….）等复习第一单元的知识，同时为进入本单元的schoolbag作铺垫。
Step2：. Presentation 激情引趣，学习新知
（1）由point to the bag 导入课题 (板课题) 并引导学生说。
（2）多媒体课件呈现所学新单词。学习单词按易到难，由浅入深原则逐一学习。先从大家熟悉的English book入手，然后到Chinese book, math book, notebook ,由于story-book比较难发音，因此安排在最后。
（4）Guessing game .让学生快速抢猜单词。
（5）教学句型:How many …do you have? I have….
通过学生与老师 ，老师与老师之间的对话来加强学习，在同学们熟悉单词后，引导他们加入How many …do you have? I have….进行操练。
Step3：. Play time 深化新知，体验参与
（1） Let’s do.
学生在老师的带领下进行let’s do. 需特别注意事物间的方位关系以及介词的用法：in, on, under, near（出示课件帮助理解）.这部分是对所学单词的巩固并应用。
（2） Let’s sing “Books and Pencils ”让句型化难为易。伴随着音乐的节拍，学生在轻松愉悦的气氛中学习兴趣浓厚，使得整节课在充满乐趣的氛围中度过。
Step4： Practice. 巩固新知，运用新知
E.g. Show me your notebook
Show me your English book
E.g. __How many English books, math books, Chinese books, story-books, notebooks, schoolbags do you have?
Unit2 My Schoolbag
schoolbag English book Chinese book,
math book, notebook story-book,
How many books do you have?
--- I have 6.
Background of English teaching in primary school: It is not a long history that English is as a subject in primary school in our country and the main instructional aims of teaching English in primary school is to cultivate pupils’ basic abilities of their listening and speaking and their good sense of the English language. Our boys and girls are exposed to English for the first time, so it is very important to develop their keen interest in English.
Today I’m going to talk about Part B of Unit 2, PEP Primary English, Book 3. This lesson includes two parts: Let’s talk and let’s practice. In section 1, it mainly deals with the dialogue about “What’s in the schoolbag?” and the answers. And in section 2, it provides a real situation for the Ss to prastise the pattern: How many +n.(pl.)+ do you have? And the answer: I have 23 +n.(pl.)
II. Teaching aims
1. Aims on the knowledge
(1) To enable the Ss to understand and speak: “My schoolbag is heavy. What’s in it? Thank you sooooooo much.” Make sure that Ss can use these sentences in real situations.
(2) To help Ss to finish the survey.
(3) Let Ss finish the assessment of “Let’s check” in this unit.
2. Aims on the abilities
(1) To develop Ss’ abilities of listening and speaking.
(2) To train the Ss’ ability of working in groups.
(3) To foster Ss’ abilities of communication and their innovation.
3. Aims on the emotion
(1)To foster Ss’ consciousness of good co-operation and proper competition.
(2) To lead Ss to show their loveliness to the poor.
III. Key-points of this lesson
(1) To help Ss ask and answer the question: What’s in it?
(2) To enable Ss to study in groups and co-operate skillfully.
(3) To develop Ss’ interest in English.
IV. Difficult points
(1) To help the Ss ask and answer the question “What’s in it?” and make sure they can use the plural nouns correctly.
(2) To finish the survey by themselves.
V. Teaching methods
As we all know: the main instructional aims of learning English in primary school is to cultivate pupils’ basic abilities of listening and speaking and their good sense of the English language. So in this lesson I’ll mainly use “Task-based” teaching method. That is to say, I will let the Ss learn in real situations, finish a task by making a survey to help the Ss to get a better understanding of the key structure of the dialogue. I will arrange four kinds of activities: singing, guessing game, finishing a survey and having a competition. And in this lesson a recorder, CAI, school things and a printed form will be needed. Students should prepare some school things.
VI. Teaching procedures and purposes of my designing.
I’ll finish this lesson in five steps.
Step 1. Warm-up and preview
1. Free talk between T and Ss about things in the classroom.
2. Sing the song together: Books and pencils.
3. Do some TPR, for example: Show me your English book. Show me your crayon.
4. Review the numbers by asking: “How many crayons do you have?”
Purpose: It is important to form a better English learning surrounding for the Ss by singing and doing some total physical response and at the same time it provides situations to review learned knowledge for the next step.
Step 2. Presentation
Now I’ll mainly talk about this step.
1. Present the pattern: “My schoolbag is heavy.” “What’s in it?.”
(1) Show a bag and say: “Look! I have a bag.” Carry it and say: “Oh, it is heavy. My schoolbag is heavy.” Help the Ss understand the meaning with the help of my body language. Then lead the Ss to read the sentence. Make sure they can say it correctly.
(2) T: My schoolbag is heavy.
Open the bag and say: “What’s in it? What’s in my schoolbag?”
Take out a Chinese book. Then do the action again. Let the Ss read the sentence.
2. Play a guessing game. Divide the whole class into four groups to have a competition.
Let them guess: What’s in the bag? How many? Purpose: To present the key structures one by one is much easier for the Ss to learn and grasp the meanings. Proper competition can arouse the Ss’ interest in English learning.
3. With the help of the CAI to present the dialogue. Set a situation to help Ss understand: Two Ss are coming. One girl is carrying a heavy bag on her back. They are talking.
Girl: My schoolbag is heavy.
Boy: What’s in it?
Girl: 20 story-books, 32 pencil, 9 rulers, 12 crayons and 30 picture-books. Etc.
Boy: What will you do?
Girl: They are for the poor.
Boy: Great! I’ll bring some school things too.
The boy comes back home and puts a lot of things into the bag. Then he goes to school again and gives them to a teacher. While he is taking them out, he is counting the numbers of all things. The teacher says: