GMAT语法机经

2020-09-18 报考指南

  GMAT是Graduate Management Admission Test的`缩写,中文名称为经企管理研究生入学考试。对于GMAT备考,一般来说,需要2到4个月的准备时间(至少每天能保证4个小时的学习时间)。以下是yjbys网小编整理的关于gmat语法机经精选,供同学们参考。

  考点:

  1. conj. + doing/done/ adj.

  2. doing./done./adj.

  1. Before completing the teaching materials for the Mohawk language immersion class,the lead writers had to check the various dialect pronunciations in the lessons, vet the practice exercises, as well as reviewing all the texts.

  (A) the lead writers had to check the various dialect pronunciations in the lessons, vet the practice exercises, as well as reviewing all the texts.

  (B) the lead writers had to check the various dialect pronunciations in the lessons, vet the practice exercises, and review all the texts.

  (C) it was necessary for the lead writers to check the various dialect pronunciations in the lessons, vet the practice exercises, review all the texts

  (D) the various dialect pronunciations in the lessons had to be checked, the practice exercises to be vetted, and all the texts to be reviewed by the lead writers

  (E) the various dialect pronunciations in the lessons had to be checked by the lead writers, the practice exercises vetted, and all the texts had to be reviewed

  key: B

  2. Once thought of as a resource without end, fisherman are dangerously close to depleting the world's stocks of cod.

  (A) fisherman are dangerously close to depleting the world's stocks of cod.

  (B) but fishermen are dangerously close to depleting the world's stocks of cod.

  (C) the world's stocks of cod are dangerously close to being depleted by fishermen

  (D) but the world's stocks of cod are dangerously close to being depleted by fishermen.

  (E) the world's stocks of cod ,which fisher men are dangerously close to depleting

  key: C

  3. Though subject to the same wild-animal control efforts that killed off almost all the wolves in North America over the past century, the coyote’s amazing ability of adapting to the presence of humans has enabled it to expend its range into Alaska and Central America.

  (A) coyote’s amazing ability of adapting to the presence of humans has enabled it to expend its

  (B) coyote, because of its amazing ability of adapting to the presence of humans,have been able to expand their

  (C) coyote, because of its amazing ability to adapt to the presence of humans,has been able to expand its

  (D) amazing ability of the coyote to adapt to the presence of humans have enabled it to expand the

  (E) amazing ability of the coyote to adapt to the presence of humans has enabled it to expand the

  1. though subject to…, S à ADE

  2. ability: have the ability to do…

  its à coyote à has been à C

  key: C

  4. Though not always highly trained in archaeology, the work of volunteers at various digs across the country has often resulted in being invaluable research on the history of the Mississippian, Hopewell, and other ancestral cultures.

  (A) the work of volunteers at various digs across the country has often resulted in being invaluable research

  (B) volunteers at various digs across the country have often done invaluable research work

  (C) volunteers' work at various digs across the country has been invaluable research

  (D) the volunteers' research at various digs across the country has often proven invaluable

  (E) volunteers have often at various digs across the country done invaluable research

  1. though not always trained → BE

  2. at various digs → Noun.

  Verb. → E

  Key: E

  5. A scrub jay can remember when it cached a particular piece of food in a particular place, researchers have discovered, and tend not to bother to recover a perishable treat if stored long enough to have rotted.

  (A) tend not to bother to recover a perishable treat if

  (B) they tend not to bother recovering a perishable treat

  (C) tending not to bother recovering a perishable treat if

  (D) tends not to bother recovering a perishable treat

  (E) tends not bothering to recover a perishable treat if

  1. and → C

  they → B

  2. if stored → S.

  if stored long enough to have rotted, A scrub jay can remember when it cached a particular piece of food in a particular place, researchers have discovered, and tend not to bother to recover a perishable treat

  3. bother to do/doing

  tend to do sth.

  key: D

  3. consider

  Consider sth. (to be) Noun./Adj.

  I consider GMAT a difficult test

  I consider GMAT difficult.

  Consider…as( wrong).

  1. Spanish poet Juan Ramon Jimenez, who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1956,so embarrassed in his later years by what he considered the excessive sentiment in the poems in his first two collections, he destroyed every copy he could find.

  (A) so embarrassed in his later years by what he considered the excessive sentiment in the poems in his first two collections, he destroyed

  (B) and was so embarrassed in his later years by what he considered as the excessive sentiment in the poems in his first two collections that he destroyed

  (C) in his later year he was so embarrassed by what he considered as the excessive sentiment in the poems in his first two collections, destroying

  (D) was so embarrassed in his later years by what he considered the excessive sentiment in the poems in his first two collections that he destroyed

  (E) because he was so embarrassed in his later years by what he considered as the excessive sentiment in the poems in his first two collections, destroying

  Key: D

  2. The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea that dolphins may share certain cognitive abilities with humans and great apes; the studies indicatedolphins as capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered a sign of self-awareness—and to grasp spontaneously the mood or intention of humans.

  (A) dolphins as capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered a sign of self-awareness—and to grasp spontaneously

  (B) dolphins’ ability to recognize themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered as a sign of self-awareness—and of spontaneously grasping

  (C) dolphins to be capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered a sign of self-awareness—and to grasp spontaneously

  (D) that dolphins have the ability of recognizing themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered as a sign of self-awareness—and spontaneously grasping

  (E) that dolphins are capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered a sign of self-awareness—and of spontaneously grasping

  1. indicate that…

  2. have the ability to do

  3. be capable of doing

  4. consider

  key: E

  4. because of one’s doing/doing (wrong)

  after/before one’s doing à after/before SVO

  1. Patience Lovell Wright, whose traveling waxworks exhibit preceded Madame Tussaud's work by 30 years, became well known as much because of having an eccentric personality as for having skillfully rendered popular public figures in wax.

  (A) well known as much because of having an eccentric personality as for having skillfully rendered popular public figures in wax

  (B) well known as much for having an eccentric personality as for her skillful wax renderings of popular public figures

  (C) well known as much because of her eccentric personality as she was for her skillful wax renderings of popular public figures

  (D) as well known for having an eccentric personality as having skillfully rendered popular public figures in wax

  (E) as well known for her eccentric personality as for her skillful wax renderings of popular public figures

  Key: E

  1. According to its proponents, a proposed new style of aircraft could, by skimming along the top of the atmosphere, fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.

  1. According to/including: prep. → 不用考虑逻辑主语

  (A) According to its proponents, a proposed new style of aircraft could, by skimming along the top of the atmosphere, fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.

  (B) By skimming along the top of the atmosphere, proponents of a proposed new style of aircraft say it could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.

  (C) A proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours, according to its proponents, with it skimming along the top of the atmosphere.

  1. 语法: with N./pron. Doing/done

  With his hands tied back, he came in.

  With a lot of work to do, he stayed up into the night

  2. 句间:伴随/原因

  (D) A proposed new style of aircraft, say its proponents, could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours because of its skimming along the top of the atmosphere.

  (E) According to its proponents, skimming along the top of the atmosphere makes it possible that a proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.

  Key: A

  3. Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal with all other pollutants.

  (A) an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’sability to deal

  (B) an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s capability of dealing

  (C) an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system in dealing

  (D) a specially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system to deal

  (E) a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s ability to deal

  1. because of … → ACD

  be able to do

  have the ability/capability to do

  be capable of doing

  2. especially: 修饰程度

  specially: 专门 specially designed

  key: A

  4. It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her commandthat the paper won high praise for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal.

  (A) It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Postin 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her commandthat the paper won high praise

  (B) It was only after Katharine Graham's becoming publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and under her command it had won high praise

  (C) Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963, and only after that did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command

  This/these

  That/those

  The cat on the table is cutter than this/that.

  (D) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham became its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command

  (E) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham's becoming its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post won high praise under her command

  Key:A

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