英语职称考试倒装句型应用解析

2021-04-20 职称考试

  一、 倒装句之全部倒装全部倒装是只将句子中的谓语动词全部置于主语之前。此结构通常只用与一般现在时和一般过去时。

  常见的结构有:

  1)here, there, now, then, thus等副词置于句首, 谓语动词常用be, come, go, lie, run.There goes the bell.Then came the chairman.Here is your letter.

  2)表示运动方向的副词或地点状语置于句首,谓语表示运动的'动词。Out rushed a missile from under the bomber.Ahead sat an old woman.

  注意:上述全部倒装的句型结构的主语必须是名词,如果主语是人称代词则不能完全倒装。例如:Here he comes. Away they went.

  二、倒装句之部分倒装部分倒装是指将谓语的一部分如助动词或情态倒装至主语之前。如果句中的谓语没有助动词或情态动词,则需添加助动词do, does或did,并将其置于主语之前。

  1)句首为否定或半否定的词语,如no, not, never, seldom, little, hardly, at no time, in no way, not until… 等。

  Never have I seen such a performance.Nowhere will you find the answer to this question.Not until the child fell asleep did the mother leave the room.当Not until引出主从复合句,主句倒装,从句不倒装。

  注意: 如否定词不在句首不倒装。I have never seen such a performance.The mother didn‘t leave the room until the child fell asleep.

  三、以否定词开头作部分倒装如 Not only…but also, Hardly/Scarcely…when, No sooner… thanNot only did he refuse the gift, he also severely criticized the sender.Hardly had she gone out when a student came to visit her.No sooner had she gone out than a student came to visit her.

  注意:只有当Not only… but also连接两个分句时,才在第一个分句用倒装结构。如果置于句首的Not only… but also仅连接两个并列词语,不可用倒装结构。Not only you but also I am fond of music.

  四、so, neither, nor作部分倒装表示“也”、“也不” 的句子要部分倒装。Tom can speak French. So can Jack.If you won‘t go, neither will I.Tom asked me to go to play football and so I did.-It‘s raining hard.-So it is.

  五、only在句首要倒装的情况Only in this way, can you learn English well.Only after being asked three times did he come to the meeting.如果句子为主从复合句,则主句倒装,从句不倒装Only when he is seriously ill, does he ever stay in bed.

  六、as, though 引导的倒装句as / though引导的让步从句必须将表语或状语提前 (形容词, 副词, 分词, 实义动词提前)。

  注意:

  1)句首名词不能带任何冠词。

  2)句首是实义动词, 其他助动词放在主语后。如果实义动词有宾语和状语, 随实义动词一起放在主语之前。

  Try hard as he will, he never seems able to do the work satisfactorily.注意:让步状语从句中,有though,although时,后面的主句不能有but,但是 though 和yet可连用。

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