中考英语复习课件

2017-11-14 中考

  中考英语复习课件1

  教学目标

  1.名词、形容词、副词、代词、数词、介词等词类的单词在句子中的灵活运用。

  2.词性之间的转换及易混单词。

  3.一词多译或近义词。

  4.通过以上任务活动,让学生了解如何正确做好词汇题,并且让学生对英语的学习产生兴趣。

  教学重难点

  1.注意名词&动词在句子中的适当变化。

  2.注意近义词的不同用法

  教学方法

  运用多媒体辅助教学及任务型教学。

  教学总体思路

  任务1 导入

  任务2 考点一

  任务3 练习

  任务4 考点二归纳

  任务5练习

  任务6 考点三

  任务7中考试题练习

  教学过程设计

  Step 1 Presentation

  中考试题引出中考考点。

  1. Miss Brown taught (他们) English last term.

  2. We don’t think their classroom is (干净) than ours.

  3. Is it the best one of the (照片) of your family ?

  4. I spent an hour (写) the passage last night.

  (them/cleaner/photos/writing)

  Step 2

  归纳中考考点:

  中考考点一:考查不同词类的单词在句子中的灵活运用

  一、名词 考虑可数名词单复数、不可数名词和所有格

  例1 Do you like white?We have shirts of different _____(颜色). 根据句意,可确定单词为“color”,通过前面的shirts和different两词可确定此处应用 colors。

  例2 September 10th is

  根据句意,确定单词“Teacher”,它与Day之间存在所有格关系,将Teacher变为复数,再变为所有格,应填Teachers’。

  二、形容调和副词还要考虑到形容词和副词“级”的变化。

  例1 He was very _____ (生气)with the man upstairs and began to shout, “Stop singing!”

  根据连系动词was ,此处应填形容词原级angry。

  例 2 On Sundays,children play (高兴)in the park. 此处应填副词happily,副词修饰动词 play。

  三、动词 五种形式 :动词原形、第三人称单数形式、现在分词,过去式和过去分词

  例1 Thank you very much for (借)me your bike. 介词后动词用-ing形式,故填lending。

  例 2 When he was ten, in maths.

  become interested in为固定词组,

  意为“对……感兴趣”,故此处应填interested。

  四、数词主要考查基数词和序数词

  五、代词考查人称代词、物主代词、反身代词、不定代词和疑问代词 例 1 Help y to some fish,Jim.

  根据句意,此处应用yourself.

  例 2 “Help y to some fish,please. ”Mrs Green said to the twins. 根据句意,the twins为复数,故填yourselves。

  Step 3 Exercises

  Choose some exercises from the high school entrance exam and let the students do them in class.

  1. Your song sounds _________ (优美的).

  2. When he heard this, he became even ________(生气).

  3. Lucy can run as ______as Lily. (快) (07适应)

  4. They are __________ (摘) apples on the farm.

  5. My teacher always_________ me to work hard.(鼓励)

  6. He _______(跌倒) off a tree yesterday and hurt himself.

  7. December is the ________month of the year. (twelve)

  8. _______(百)of visitors come to Hanzhou every year.

  9. The famous writer lived in the __________ (二十) century.

  10. December is the ________month of the year. (twelve)

  11. _______(百)of visitors come to Hanzhou every year.

  12. Go _____ (经过) the bridge and you’ll find the shop.

  13. Jim hurried to school ______(没有)breakfast..

  14. ______(然而) ,at that exact moment my teacher, Mr Guo, came in.

  15. These clothes are no longer in fashion _______(尽管)they are still new.

  Step 4 中考考点2

  注意词性之间的转换及易混单词

  List all the words during the junior school and do some exercises. in the north of…/in the northern part of… west/western south/southern east/eastern

  park/no parking

  please/He is pleased./The trip is pleasant./

  With pleasure. It’s a pleasure. /unpleasant

  safe/safely/safety succeed/success/successful/successfully be/feel proud of take pride in

  Step 5中考考点三

  1.注意一词多译或近义词

  如:Today LiLei didn’t come to school because he didn’t feel _____. (好) 注:这题中,“好”可以翻译成 good/well/nice,而表示身体好应用well.

  2.让学生归纳常见的单词

  Step 6中考链接

  Choose some sentences from the high school entrance exam.

  Step 7 Homework

  1. Review the words

  2. Do some word exercises.

  中考英语复习课件2

  一、需掌握单词

  单词

  neither, boat, especially, travel, discover, wonderful, population, dumpling, brave, spring, whenever, awake, umbrella, noon, goodbye, cow, cost, baby, holiday

  重点句型

  Have you ever been to an amusement park?

  This means that you can find Disney characters all over the roller coaster.

  Tell me about yourself.

  So do I.

  二、重点解析

  单词

  1. population

  (1) population 是集体名词,它作主语时,若指一个地区或国家的整体人口时谓语动词通常用单数;若强调整体人口中的成员时,谓语动词通常用复数。

  The population of Nanjing is smaller than that of Shanghai. 南京的人口比上海少。

  About two fifths of the population here are farmers.  这儿大约2/5的人口是农民。

  (2) 在询问人口时,注意population和people的区别,前者用what来提问,后者用how many 来提问。

  What’s the population of Hebei Province?  河北省的人口是多少?

  How many people are there in Hebei Province? 河北省有多少人?

  (3) 表达人口多少时要用large和small来修饰,不能用many, more和few修饰。

  China has a larger population than Japan.  中国的人口比日本多。

  2. neither

  (1) neither常用作代词,意为“两者都不”。

  Neither of us can understand.  我们俩谁也不能理解。

  Neither was very interesting.  两者都没有多大意思。

  (2) 它还可用作形容词,意为“(两者)都不”,常在句中作定语。

  Neither answer is correct.  两个答案都不对。

  [注]neither作主语时,应看作是单数形式;neither所修饰的名词也应用单数形式。

  (3) neither 用在倒装句中表示“前者所说的内容也适合于后者”,意为“也不”。

  He doesn’t like Beethoven and neither do I.  他不喜欢贝多芬的作品,我也不喜欢。

  词语辨析

  neither, none, either, both & all

  表示肯定意义

  表示否定意义

  表示两个人或事物

  both

  neither

  表示三个或三个以上的人或事物

  all

  none

  both意为“两者都”;either意为“两者中的任何一个”;neither表示“两者中任何一个也不”。none意为“三个或三个以上一个也不”,all指“三个或三个以上都……”。

  (1) 用作形容词时,neither, either修饰单数名词,both修饰复数名词,all可以修饰复数名词,也可以指不可数名词。

  Neither story is true.  两个故事都不真实。

  You may take either road.  你可以走两条路中的任何一条。

  Both pens are red. 两支钢笔都是红色的。

  All the water was poured.  所有的水都泼出去了。

  (2) 用作代词时,neither/either常被看作单数,而both应看作是复数;all根据不同的情况可以看作是单数或复数。

  Neither is mine.  两个都不是我的。

  Both of us are teachers. 我们两个都是老师。

  All of us are here.  我们所有的人都在这儿。

  (3) neither/none表示完全否定;而both/all和否定词not连用时,表示的是不完全否定意义。

  Neither of you is right.  你们两个都不对。

  Both of you are not right.  你们两个并非都对。

  重点句型

  1. Have you ever been to an amusement park?  你曾经去过游乐园?

  have been to 意为“去过某地”。 have gone to 指“去了某地,但未回来”。

  She has never been to Beijing.  她从来没去过北京。

  —Where is your deskmate?  你同桌去哪儿了?

  —He has gone to the bookshop?   他去书店了。

  2. This means that you can find Disney characters all over the roller coaster.

  这意味着在所有的'过山车里你都能够看到迪斯尼人物。

  mean是及物动词,意为“意思是……,意味着……”。

  What does the word “argue” mean?  “argue” 这个单词意思是什么?

  It means that he won’t come again. 这意味着他再也不会回来了。

  [注]mean的名词形式为meaning.

  What’s the meaning of life? 生命的意义是什么?

  3. Tell me about yourself.  给我讲讲你的情况。

  动词tell的用法:

  (1) tell sb. about sb. /sth. 意为“告诉某人有关某人/某事”。

  Could you tell me about your work?   你能告诉我你的工作情况吗?

  (2) 后接单宾语,意为“讲述、说、告诉”,该宾语通常是事物。

  My mother like telling jokes.   我妈妈喜欢讲笑话。

  (3) 后接双宾语,即人和事物,表示“讲述、说、告诉”。

  She has told me the thing.   她已经告诉我这件事了。

  (4) tell sb. (not) to do sth.  意为“吩咐/命令某人(不)做某事”。

  Tell him to wait.  叫他等一等。

  (5) 它常与can, could, be able to 连用,意为“辨别,分辨”。

  I can’t tell Tom from his twin brother?   我不能分辨出汤姆和他的孪生兄弟。

  4. So do I. 我也是。

  “So+助动词/情态动词+主语”是倒装句结构,用于后一句陈述内容与前一句陈述内容相同,且前后的主语是不同的人,意为“某某也如此”。若前后陈述的情况为否定式,用 Neither或Nor来替代So。

  —I am a teacher.     我是一名老师。

  —So is he.          他也是。

  —She can’t dance.    她不会跳舞。

  —Nor can I.         我也不会。

  [注] 若前后两陈述句的主语一致,且陈述内容相同,则用So+主语+助动词/情态动词,意为“某某的确如此”。

  —He is very brave.   他很勇敢。

  —So he is.          的确如此。

  5. I was having a hard time finding it until you came along.

  我一直很难找到它,直到你走了过来。

  have a good time doing sth.  意为“做某事很费劲”。

  The police had a hard time finding the lost child.  警察好不容易找到了这个走失的孩子。

  6. I didn’t know some of the girls, but they were all really friendly to me.

  有些女孩子我不认识,但她们真的对我很友好。

  be friendly to sb. 意为“对某人很友好”。

  My classmates are friendly to me.  我的同学对我很友好。

  三、巩固练习

  1. The headmaster told us   C   at the Science Museum on time.

  A. arrive   B. arrives    C. to arrive    D. arriving

  2. —Let’s go and play football,    D  ?

  —That’s wonderful.

  A. will you    B. do you    C. won’t we   D. shall we

  3. —Jane, it’s time to go school. Get up and have breakfast.

  —But I am not feeling   C  . I don’t fell like eating anything.

  A. bad    B. good    C. well

  4. I told you not to be late again, John,   D  I?

  A. do    B. did   C. don’t   D. didn’t

  5. —Jim enjoys listening to pop music.

  —  A  .

  A. So does Helen        B. Also is Helen

  C. Helen likes also       D. So Helen does

  6. —Do you mind if I smoke here?

  —  C  .

  A. You are welcome         B. I’m afraid not

  C. Please don’t. It’s a non-smoking car

  7. Two foreigners are in the sitting room. One is Jack and   D   is Peter.

  A. other    B. another    C. one    D. the other

  8. —You’ve left the light on.

  —  A  . I’ll go and turn it off.

  A. So I have    B. So do I     C. Nor have I    D. Neither I do

  9. I bought two pairs of shoes, but   A   of them is made in Chengdu.

  A. neither    B. either    C. none

  10. —Tom, can you tell me where Jack is?

  —He   A   to the library.

  A. has gone    B. had gone    C. has been

  11. —Would your sister go to Hainan this summer?

  —If I don’t go,   A  .

  A. neither will she  B. neither does she  C. so will she  D. so does she

  12. I had to buy   D   these books because I didn’t know which one was the best.

  A. both   B. none    C. neither    D. all

  13. —I like apples.

  —  A  .

  A. Me too    B. My brother is     C. Don’t do that

  14. It was a long journey, but   C   of them four felt boring.

  A. neither    B. both    C. none    D. all

  15. —Have you ever   A   to Japan?

  —No, never.

  A. been    B. gone    C. go     D. travel

  16. —I hear your teacher   D   to Japan once.

  —Yes. He _____ there last year.

  A. goes, went    B. has been     C. went, has been    D. has been, went

  17. Thank you for   A   us to your house on Saturday.

  A. inviting    B. invited    C. invite    D. to invite

  18. Hurry up. Your parents   D   you for twenty minutes.

  A. wait   B. is waiting   C. has waited for   D. have been waiting for

  19. Students are usually interested in sports. Some like running, Some like swimming and   B   like ball games.

  A. the others    B. others    C. the other    D. other

  20. I don’t think he is having a meeting,   C  ?

  A. does he    B. don’t I     C. is he    D. isn’t he

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