发布文章

高考英语完形填空常见的问题

2017-12-16 外语辅导

  在高考英语中,考生在做完形填空部分时经常会出现一些比较常见的问题的。快来看看小编为你准备了高考英语完形填空常见的一些问题,欢迎大家阅读!

高考英语完形填空

  高考英语完形填空题常见3大问题

  1. 不善于抓文章的主旨大意,并以此为中心展开对整篇文章的推理、判断,导致理解上出现偏差,甚至与文章的中心相悖。

  2. 容易受定势思维的干扰,对文意分析不透,忽视特定语境中英语知识的运用。

  3. 对完形填空怀有厌倦、恐惧心理,以至做完形填空时处于应付状态。

  高考英语完形填空题的解答技巧

  一、通览全文,抓准主旨

  有的同学或是急于求成,总想"一步到位",或是由于原文设置空格所造成的理解障碍,担心通读文章时不但抓不住大意反而浪费时间,未通览全文即边读边填,结果是就句论句,无法形成连贯的思路,或“见木不见林”,理解偏离文章的中心,欲速则不达。

  大家首先要克服不良心理,满怀信心,全神贯注,目光越过空格,注重把握文章的整体内容,注意能体现文章大意的关键词句。开始阅读时可能会有模模糊糊,类似“钻山洞”的感觉,此时千万不可半途而废;再往下读,文意会逐渐显露,读完全文心里往往会有"豁然开朗"之感。另外,要重视文章首句的作用,一般情况下,首句不设空格,这就为大家窥视文章全貌提供了一个“窗口”。通过文章的首句大家可以对文章进行比较准确的定位。

  另外,大家要给文章准确定位,不仅要重视文章的首句,有时注意一下文章的结尾,首尾联系起来,对文章的定位会更准确。

  抓住文章的主旨大意后,考生围绕主旨大意去阅读、预测、推理、判断,往往会收到事半功倍的效果。抓住了主旨,一些干扰性强,容易使人犯想当然错误的选项也就起不到作用了。

  二、细读全文,透析文意

  有的考生在做完形填空题时,一看到一些自己比较熟悉的语法结构,如句子、短语等,便不假思索地去选,对特定的语境不去作深入的理解,导致“定势思维”错误。

  事实上,从NMET完形填空的出题特点看,其干扰项的设置均与“语法结构”错误无关,重在文意的干扰,这是出题者近几年始终坚持的方向。NMET完形填空每个题的四个选项并不是一种单纯的词汇辨析,因为从语法的角度看每个选项都是正确的。因此是否能恰如其分地传达文意才是选择正确答案或最佳答案的唯一标准,要吃透文意,理解到位,大家应做到以下几点:

  1. 注意上下文的内在联系

  断章取义,就题论题,忽视上下文的信息提示是学生常犯的错误。考生在做完形填空的过程中,应学会边读边在大脑中储藏上下文的信息。信息提示有时出现在前面,有时出现在后面。如:

  Eating spaghetti (意大利面条) caught my eye. The word "spaghetti" brought back the 36 of an evening at Uncle Alien’ s in Belleville (when) _37_ all of us were seated around the table and Aunt Pat (served) _38_ spaghetti for supper.(2004全国卷I)

  36. A. memory B. thought C. knowledge D. experience 本题的信息提示出现在前面。做题的关键在于把握brought back与后面名词的搭配关系,即动词短语决定了名词的选择。bring back"把……带回来",因此此处只能是"把过去的记忆带回来",即"使人回忆起……",因此答案只能是A。

  With these words I began to (face) _36_ the problem, the problem of my telephone addiction. I used to call people _37_ , from the moment I woke up to the time I went to sleep. I (waited) _38_ to be phoned, I wanted to phone. Just one more call.(2004全国卷Ⅱ)

  37. A. now and then B. all the time C. at home D. at work 本题的信息提示出现在后面。空后的“从早晨醒来到上床睡觉”说明前面的动作是“经常、不断的”,因此答案只能是B。

  高考英语完形填空考前练习题:奇怪的事

  A strange thing happened to me last Sunday. It was ___1___ a beautiful day that I drove to go for a look in the country.

  On the way back home, my car ___2___. It was out of gas on a lonely road far from a town. I decided to walk ___3___ I found someone who could ___4___ some gas.

  I had walked almost a mile ___5___ I finally found a house near the road. I was glad to see it ___6___ it was getting dark.

  I knocked at the door and a little old lady ___7___ long white hair answered. She said, “I’ve been ___8___ for you for a long time. Come in. ___9___ is almost ready.”

  “But I only come ___10___ some gas,” I answered. I couldn’t imagine ___11___ she was talking about.

  “Oh, Alfred! Gas?You used to like tea.”

  I quickly explained that my car was out of gas, ___12___ she didn’t seem to hear me. She just ___13___ calling me Alfred and talking about how long ___14___ since she had seen me. She was acting very strangely and I was anxious to ___15___. As soon as she went to get tea, I went out of the house as fast as I could.

  ___16___, there was another house down the road and I was able to buy the gas I needed. When I told the man about my ___17___, he said: “Oh, that’s Miss Emily. She lives ___18___ herself in that big house. She’s out of her mind, but she wouldn’t hurt ___19___. She is still waiting for the man she was supposed to marry thirty years ago. The day before their wedding he left home and ___20___ came back because of the war.”

  1. A. so B. such C. that D. very

  2. A. jumped B. stopped C. moved D. slid

  3. A. until B. when C. so that D. because

  4. A. fetch B. sell C. buy D. send

  5. A. before B. so C. until D. since

  6. A. if B. and C. because D. though

  7. A. with B. of C. had D. wore

  8. A. cooking B. looking C. calling D. waiting

  9. A. Gas B. Coffee C. Tea D. Lunch

  10. A. for B. with C. without D. buy

  11. A. when B. what C. why D. that

  12. A. but B. though C. and D. so

  13. A. suggested B. kept C. stopped D. enjoyed

  14. A. had it been B. it had been C. has it been D. it has been

  15. A. stay B. leave C. speak D. answer

  16. A. Finally B. Fortunately C. Exactly D. Unexpectedly

  17. A. incident B. surprise C. experience D. adventure

  18. A. on B. for C. by D. with

  19. A. anyone B. someone C. everyone D. none

  20. A. Soon B. often C. never D. seldom

  【答案与解析】

  1. B。such a …that 是一固定搭配,that引导一程度状语从句。

  2. B。从后面的out of gas on a lonely road可以判断用stopped。

  3. A。一直要走到找到汽油为止,故用until来引导这个时间状语。

  4. B。找到卖汽油的人所以用sell。

  5. A。时间状语从句,在我发现一间房子之前。

  6. B。这跟前句没有原因、让步、和条件的关系,应该是并列关系。

  7. B。a little old lady of long white hair 指长满长长的白发的女人。

  8. D。可语境可知,此处指“我已经等你很久了”。

  9. C。根据下文的 “Oh, Alfred! Gas? You used to like tea.” 可推知。

  10. A。come for some gas 表示“来买点汽油”。

  11. B。宾语从句,引导词what在从句中作about的宾语,what she was talking about 指“她正在说什么”。

  12. A。这里是表示转折,我解释我要汽油,但她好像没听到似的。

  13. B。从上下文可以看出她是在不停地叫我Alfred。

  14. B。宾语从句,只要注意时态的一致,还有语序的正确。

  15. B。be anxious to leave 急着要走。即不是说什么,也不是呆在那儿。

  16. B。在进退两难时他又发现了另一座房子,所以说是很幸运。

  17. C。说的关于前面所经历的事情,所以选experience。

  18. C。live by oneself 独自生活,没有人陪伴。

  19. A。否定句用anyone

  20. C。再也没有回来,否则现在就不会一人独居了,故never是惟一答案。


猜你喜欢:

1.高考英语完形填空题目的解答技巧

2.高考英语完形填空

3.做高考英语完型填空的技巧

4.高中英语完形填空练习及答案

上一篇:高中英语完形填空专项练习题 下一篇:高考英语完形填空的答题技巧
[外语辅导]相关推荐