高考英语完形填空练习题带答案

2017-12-16 外语辅导

  同学们在备考高考英语完形填空部分的时候,是很有必要再多做这方面的练习题的。下面我们就来看看高考英语完形填空练习题并且带有答案,欢迎大家阅读!

高考英语完形填空

  高考英语完形填空训练题:国王的考验

  Once, a king showed two men a large basket in the garden. He told them to fill it with water from a well. After they __1__ their work, he left them, saying, “When the sun is down, I will come and see your work.”

  At last one of them said, “What’s the use of doing this foolish work? We can __2__ fill the basket.” __3__ man answered, “That is none of your business.” The first man said. “You may do as you like, but I am not going to work at __4__ so foolish.” He __5__ his bucket and went away. The other man said no word, and kept on carrying __6__. At last the well was almost __7__.

  As he poured the last bucket of water into the basket, he saw a bright thing in it. He picked it up. It was a beautiful gold ring. Just then the king came. __8__ he saw the ring, he knew that he had found the kind of man he wanted. He told him to keep the ring for himself. “You __9__ so well in this little thing,” he said, “ __10__ now I know I can believe you with many things.”

  1. A. finished B. did C. began D. had

  2. A. ever B. never C. easily D. no

  3. A. The other B. Another C. One D. A second

  4. A. anything B. something C. nothing D. everything

  5. A. picked up B. put away C. took away D. threw away

  6. A. water B. basket C. well D. work

  7. A. full B. empty C. filled D. clean

  8. A. While B. As soon as C. Before D. Since

  9. A. have done B. will do C. do D. are doing

  10. A. what B. why C. when D. that

  名师点评

  本文讲述了一个国王为了考验两个人,让他们往篮子里打水,忠诚的人不遗余力地往空篮子里打水,直到国王归来。结果不仅获得了一枚金戒指,而且得到了国王的信任。

  答案简析

  1.C。这里did和finished都表示完成了这项工作,而给篮子装满水是不可能的,国王应在两人开始打水后不久离开,所以应选began。

  2.B。往篮子里盛满水是永远不可能的,故选择never。

  3.A。两者中的另一个用the other加名词来表示。

  4.C。the first man想离开,因为他觉得自己干的是无用功,故选择nothing意为“从事某项工作”。

  5.D。pick up意为“捡起”,pick away意为“放好”,take away意为“取走”,而throw down意为“扔掉、丢弃”,比较贴近文意,为正确选项。

  6.A。根据文意,另一个人一直在打水,故选water。

  7.B。不停地打水必然会导致井空,故选empty。

  8.B。while引导从句时,从句应用延续性动词,before和since不符合文意,as soon as…表示“一……就”为正确选项。

  9.A。国王是因为这个诚实的人所做过的事情而表扬他,所以应用完成时态have done。

  10.D。国王讲的最后一句话是含有 “so……that”结构的复合句,意为“如此……以致”故选that。

  高考英语完形填空题练习资料: 我为什么要上大学

  Why do I want to go to college? No one has ever asked me __1 _ a question. But many times I have asked myself. I have __2__ a whole variety of reasons. __3__ important reason is that I want to be a better man.

  Many things make human beings different __4__ or better than or even superior to animals.

  One of the most important things is __5__ . If I fail to receive higher education, my education __6__. As I want to be a fully __7__ man, I must get a well-rounded education, which good colleges and universities are supposed to __8__. I know one can get educated in many ways, but colleges and universities are __9__ the best places to teach me how to educate myself. Only when I am well-educated, will I be a better human being and __10__ fit into society.

  1. A. quite B. so C. such D. another

  2. A. come up with B. agreed with C. been fed up with D. got on well with

  3. A. Most B. The most C. More D. Much

  4. A. to B. around C. between D. from

  5. A. education B. weather C. temperature D. science

  6. A. finished B. don’t finish C. will not finish D. has finished

  7. A. develop B. developed C. developing D. experience

  8. A. improve B. graduate C. hear D. provide

  9. A. between B. among C. inside D. outside

  10. A. can good B. may better C. be able to better D. be able to best

  名师点评

  本文主要围绕“我为什么要上大学?”这一话题展开讨论,首先介绍了教育对人发展的重要性,然后说明大学在教育中的地位,从而层次分明地解释了上大学的原因。

  答案简析

  1. C。such常用在不定冠词或名词前修饰可数名词或不可数名词,表示“此类的”、“这种的”,故such为正确选项。

  2. A。come up with意为“提出、找出”;agree with意为“同意”;be fed up with意为“对……厌倦”;get on well with意为“和……相处得好”。根据文意A为正确选项。

  3. B。上文讲到我曾找到过各种各样的原因,其中最重要的原因应当是……,因此这里应用important的最高级,故选the most。

  4. D。固定结构be different from 表示“不同于……”。

  5. A。本段着重说明了教育在人的发展中的作用,以及大学在教育中的地位。作为总括句,本空应填education。

  6. C。这是一个含有条件状语从句的复合句,意为“如果我不能受到更高等的教育,我就无法完成我的学业”,故选will not finish为正确选择。

  7. B。这里只能选可作定语的选项。过去分词developed表示“成熟的”,为正确选项。

  8. D。大学应是提供高等教育的地方, provide符合文意为正确选项。

  9. B。介词among可表示”包括……在内”为正确选项。

  10. C。与前半句相对应,这里仍应用比较级,而may better意思不对,因此be able to better为正确选项。

  高考英语完形填空题练习材料: 风俗习惯

  Here I must put in a few words about my experience here in China. If I have ___1___ with a Chinese host, he always presses___2___ food onto my plate as soon as I have emptied the previous helping(份额). That often makes me ___3___ very awkward(尴尬). I have to eat the food even if I don’t ___4___ it, because it is considered ___5___ manners in the West to ___6___ one’s food on the plate. I have also ___7___ that when a Chinese sits at an American’s dinner party, he very often ___8___ the offer of food or drink though he is in fact still hungry or ___9___. This might be good manners inChina, but it is certainly___10___ in the West. In the United States, it is___11___ to keep asking someone again and again or press something on him. Americans are very ___12___. If they want something, they will ask for it. If not, they will say, “__13__” Here’s an example: When an American is offered ___14__ by the host, and he doesn’t feel like beer, he will probably say, “No, thanks. I just don’t feel like it. I’ll ___15___ some diet Pepsi-Cola if you have it.” That is ___16__ an American will do. ___17___are taught that “Honesty is the best policy”. But in some countries, courtesy(谦虚) might be more important than ___18___. So when I am here in China, I have to observe the ___19___ here. But when you go to ___20___, you had better “Do as the Romans do.”

  1. A. trouble B. dinner C. words D. difficulty

  2. A. more B. much C. enough D. little

  3. A. think B. taste C. feel D. smell

  4. A. eat B. like C. drink D. help

  5. A. important B. bad C. polite D. rude

  6. A. take B. leave C. forget D. pass

  7. A. noticed B. minded C. heard D. informed

  8. A. accepts B. refuses C. nods D. gives

  9. A. thirsty B. angry C. happy D. full

  10. A. so B. kind C. not D. right

  11. A. impolite B. good C. kind D. sad

  12. A. honest B. direct C. short D. kind

  13. A. I’m sorry B. Yes, I want C. No, thanks D. Yes, please

  14. A. food B. beer C. coffee D. tea

  15. A. bring B. offer C. like D. take

  16. A. that B. what C. whether D. how

  17. A. Englishmen B. Frenchmen C. Americans D. Australians

  18. A. manners B. honesty C. request D. order

  19. A. customs B. habits C. action D. ways

  20. A. China B. Rome C. the United States D. the United Nations

  【答案与解析】

  本文说的是中国与美国的风俗习惯问题。首先说的是“我”在中国的经历,对中国主人“劝饭”的做法不理解,有时觉得很尴尬;接着又通过在宴会上的例子说明在中国和美国哪些做法是礼貌的,并说要“入乡随俗”。

  1. B。从后面的he always presses ___2___ food onto my plate…等来看,此处说的是吃饭时的礼节问题,故用dinner。

  2. A。当我在中国做客时,主人总是在我吃完碗里的饭时又强夹给我更多的食物。

  3. C。主人的这种做法让我觉得很尴尬。在这里应用系动词feel。taste(品尝)虽可作系动词,但不符合语境。

  4. B。根据西方人的观点,吃饭时应把盘子里的饭都吃完,否则就是不礼貌。因此,当在中国吃饭时,尽管不喜欢主人硬给盛饭的这种做法,但只好把主人硬给盛的这些饭都吃了。

  5. B。从语境来看,此处指“在西方把饭剩留在盘子里被认为是不礼貌的”。good manners 意为“有礼貌的”,bad manners 意为“没有礼貌的'”。

  6. B。西方人认为,把盘子里的饭吃干净是礼貌的,而把饭留在盘子里则是不礼貌的。leave 在此意为“留下,剩余”。

  7. A。/ 8. B。从上下文可知,此处说的是“我”在一个美国人举行的宴会上所看到的一个中国人的做法,即他经常拒绝别人让他吃的食物或饮料,尽管他很饿或很渴。

  9. A。前面说的是 food or drink,这里的 hungry 应与 thirsty 相对。

  10. C。前面提到的“在饭桌上拒绝别人”的做法,在中国是有礼貌的,但这在西方确实是不礼貌的,前后形成对比。此句补充完整为:…but it is certainly not good manners in the West.

  11. A。由上下文可知,在美国不停地一遍遍地问人家或把东西强加给他人是不礼貌的。

  12. B。从下文的“如果他们想要东西,他们就要;如果不想要,就说‘不,谢谢’”等可知,这里说的是美国人很“直接”。direct 意为“直接的”,indirect 意为“间接的”。

  13. C。从下文举的例子来看,当他们不想要某样东西时,美国人常直接说 No, thanks。

  14. B。从下句 and he doesn’t feel like beer, he will probably say… 来看,这里说的是“主人给美国人啤酒喝时……”。

  15. D。前面说“不,谢谢。我不喜欢它。如果有 Pepsi-Cola 的话,就给我来点它吧”。take 在这里是“喝”的意思。

  16. B。前面举例说明美国人的一些做法,即“这就是美国人的做法”。 what 在此引导表语从句。

  17. C。本文谈论的就是中国人与美国人在餐桌上的礼仪问题,故此处应选 Americans。

  18. B。根据上面的 Honesty is the best policy 可知,此处说的是“但是在一些国家谦虚也许是比诚实更重要的”。

  19. A。本文谈论的是习惯问题,故用 customs。habits 说的是个人习惯,不符合语境。

  20. C。由 but 可知此处说的是如果你到美国,就最好“入乡随俗”,亦即按美国的风俗做。


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