高考英语完形填空考前练习题型

2017-12-16 外语辅导

  同学们想要做好高考英语完形填空部分,那就有必要在考试之前多做一些练习题型。今天就让小编带你来看看高考英语完形填空适合考前做的练习题型,欢迎阅读。

高考英语完形填空

  高考英语完形填空练习题:火车旅游

  My work keeps me in Hong Kong most of the year. But I do try to get away for a month in the ___1___ —usually July. Now as you probably know, that’s the main holiday ___2___ in Europe, and the favourite place for a(n)___3___ and the famous cities are usually very ___4___. But I’m not seeking the sun—I get plenty of ___5___ in Hong Kong—and I’m certainly not seeking the ___6___! So when I go on holiday I buy a Train Pass(a kind of train ticket) that ___7___ me first class travel on most the railways of Western Europe. First class compartments are ___8___ crowded, and they are very comfortable. If you go on an overnight journey, you can take a(n)___9___ train with some extra money. There are usually ___10___ cars in the train.

  I find the train travel relaxing and ___11___. There is always something to see. I particularly enjoy ___12___ through Switzerland and Italy. You can get a very good ___13___ of what a country is like from a train. You don’t go too ___14___, and you stop very often. Also, rail travel is very ___15___, and I am never as sick on a train ___16___ I am on a ship! Then there are always people to ___17___ if you like to chat.

  The reason that I seldom travel by plane is quite ___18___: as train stations are usually built in the city centre, I ___19___ worry about transport, which can be a problem when arriving ___20___.

  1. A. Hong Kong B. Italy C. winter D. summer

  2. A. year B. season C. festival D. week

  3. A. holiday B. play C. sports D. entertainment

  4. A. far B. beautiful C. crowded D. expensive

  5. A. money B. sunshine C. shower D. rest

  6. A. people B. truth C. salary D. crowds

  7. A. shows B. suggests C. allows D. offers

  8. A. never B. rarely C. rather D. too

  9. A. free B. express C. sleeping D. special

  10. A. lunch B. cooking C. supper D. dining

  11. A. instructive B. active C. boring D. interesting

  12. A. traveling B. working C. studying D. walking

  13. A. sight B. plan C. suggestion D. idea

  14. A. slowly B. fast C. smoothly D. far

  15. A. dangerous B. lonely C. safe D. serious

  16. A. like B. as C. while D. when

  17. A. refer to B. talk to C. learn about D. worry about

  18. A. simple B. complex C. near D. hard

  19. A. couldn’t B. mustn’t C. don’t have to D. oughtn’t to

  20. A. by sea C. by land C. on foot D. by

  【答案与解析】

  本文主要通过作者的经历谈论乘火车旅游的优越性。在旅游旺季乘火车很少出现拥挤的情况,况且还有卧铺及餐车等,很方便;乘火车速度慢,可以欣赏诸如瑞士和意大利等国家的美景,而且还不像乘船那样晕船或不舒服;乘火车也比乘飞机好,因为火车站建在城里,可减少乘飞机要改乘车辆进城的问题等。

  1. D。从破折号后面的解释可推测“我”常在夏天(7 月份)离开香港(去欧洲)旅游。从上下文来看,不是在香港旅游,而意大利只是欧洲的一个城市,也不合乎语境。

  2. B。前面提到 7 月份,针对此我们可推测这(7 月份)正是欧洲主要的度假季节。其他如 year, week 都不合上下文。

  3. A。此处指假期旅游,故选 holiday 才符合语境。

  4. C。从下文“我”乘火车旅游及 First class compartments are __8__ crowded, and they are very comfortable 等来看,此处指“拥挤”问题。若选用 beautiful, expensive, far 等都不合话题。

  5. B。破折号后面的内容应是对 But I’m not seeking the sun 的解释或说明,故用 sunshine。

  6. D。从下文“我”避开拥挤,乘火车旅游等来看,此处说的是“我”不追赶人群,重要的是舒适和观景。此处用 crowds 指的是“外出旅游的人群”,若用 people 范围太大,不合实际。

  7. C。从这里起开始谈论“我”喜欢乘火车旅游的理由。从语境看,这里说的是买一张 Train Pass,可以得到在西欧一流的旅游。allow 为“让……得到”,后接双宾语。从语法上来看,好像 offer 也可,但 offer 意为“主动提供”,而这里说的是在买票后站方才提供服务,故排除 offer。

  8. B。从语境特别是 and they are very comfortable 等来看,坐头等车厢应该是很少有拥挤现象。never 意为“从不”,太绝对,应排除。

  9. C。从 If you go on an overnight journey 可推测,此处说的是再加些钱可乘座卧铺来过夜。

  10. D。从语境及常识来看,此处用 dining 为好。dining car 为“餐车”。

  11. D。从下文 You can get a very good ___13__ of what a country is like…, Then there are always people to ___17___…if you like to chat 等来看,此处说的是“我觉得乘火车旅游很放松也很有趣”。

  12. A。从上下文来看,此处说的是“我”特别喜欢在瑞士和意大利旅游(第 1 段提到在香港工作,排除 B、C、D)。

  13. D。句意为:火车开得慢,从火车上可以了解一个国家的样子。get an idea of 意为“对……了解,有个大体印象”。

  14. B。从后句 and you stop very often 及下文的不容易晕车等来看,这里说的是火车速度(相对)比较慢。

  15. C。从上下文我们可排除 lonely,因为下文说你可以与人交谈。从火车速度慢等来看,此处指乘火车比较“安全”才合理。

  16. B。此处说的是乘火车不像乘船那样容易出现晕船现象。as…as… 是固定结构。

  17. B。从后面的 if you like to chat 可推测,这里说的是在火车上可以与人交谈。

  18. A。从后面所给的'缘由来看,此处说的是我很少乘飞机旅游的原因很简单,就是火车站建在市中心。

  19. C。由于火车站建在市中心,所以乘火车就不必担心交通问题。don’t have to 意为“没有必要,不必”。

  20. D。前面说乘火车不必担心交通问题(进城),而乘飞机进城交通就成为问题了,这与该段第 1 句话相照应。

  高考英语完形填空练习材料:与狼接触

  They gave him lots of food and clothes and guns. Then they put him on a plane and took him to __2__. The plane put him down and went away. There were no houses or people in this place. But there were lots of animals and lots of wolves.

  People tell terrible stories about wolves. They say wolves like to kill and eat people. Farley remembered these stories, and he was __3__. He had his gun with him__4_.

  Then one day, he saw a group of wolves. There was a mother wolf with four baby wolves. A father wolf and another young wolf lived with them.

  Farley watched these wolves every day. The mother was a very __5__ mother. She gave milk to her babies. She gave them lessons about life. They learned how to __6__ food. The father wolf got food for the mother. The young wolf __7__ the children. They were a nice, happy family—wolf family! Farley did not need his __8__ any more. In a short time, he got on well with the family. Farley watched them for five months. He learned that many stories about the wolves were __9__. Wolves do not eat people, and they do not eat many large animals. And he also learned bad things about men. It was men who killed many caribou and wolves.

  Later, Farley wrote a book about wolves. He wanted people to __10__ them and not to kill them.

  1. A. seen B. told C. heard D. found

  2. A. a small town B. a big city C. a far place D. a lonely village

  3. A. afraid B. happy C. angry D. tired

  4. A. at times B. all the time C. once a week D. every afternoon

  5. A. bad B. good C. hungry D. thirsty

  6. A. cook B. make C. get D. pick

  7. A. shouted at B. looked into C. laughed at D. played with

  8. A. food B. clothes C. gun D. plane

  9. A. not good B. not true C. not easy D. not clear

  10. A. grow B. have C. teach D. understand

  名师点评

  狼历来被世人视为凶残的动物,事实是否的确如此呢?带着这一疑问,Farley进行了实地考察,在和狼进行了零距离的接触后, 改变了自己的观点。本文告诉我们要学会根据事实说话。

  答案简析

  1. B。Farley是政府工作人员。从上下文得知, 他是被派去进行调查和研究狼的习性的,故选told。

  2. C。根据下文飞机把Farley送到了一个没有房屋和人的地方, 说明了这个地方不可能是城市,小镇和村庄故a far place为正确答案。

  3. A。狼吃人的恐怖故事给孤身一人的Farley带来的应是afraid。

  4. B。因为Farley害怕, 所以枪应始终不能离身。all the time意为“一直、始终”。

  5. B。根据下文的描述,狼妈妈给孩子们喂奶,对孩子们进行训练,可见是一位好妈妈,故选good。

  6. C。狼只能猎取食物, 而不能烧食物, 生产食物。get合乎文意,为正确答案。

  7. D。shout at意为“朝……大声叫喊”;look into意为“调查、观察”;laugh at意为“嘲笑……”。这三个词组都不符文意。play with意为“和……一起玩耍”,合文意为正确答案。

  8. C。the nice happy wolf family让Farley不再害怕,因此也就不再需要枪了,故选择gun.。

  9. B。因为他的亲身体验与他所听到的相违背,说明以前关于狼的说法是不对的, 故选not true。

  10. D。understand意为“了解”合乎文意,为正确答案。

  高考英语完形填空练习资料:hospital

  Mr. Green was ill and went to the hospital. A doctor __1__ and said, ?Well, Mr. Green, you are going to __2__ some injections, and you’ll feel much better. A nurse will come __3__ give you the first one this evening, and then you’ll __4__ get another one tomorrow evening.‖ __5__ a young nurse came to Mr. Green’s bed and said to him, ?I am going to give you your __6__ injection now, Mr. Green. Where do you want it?‖

  The old man was __7__. He looked at the nurse for a __8__, then he said, ?__9__ has ever let me choose that before. Are you really going to let me choose now?‖

  ?Yes, Mr. Green,‖ the nurse answered. She was in a hurry. ?Where do you want it?‖

  ?Well, then,‖ the old man answered __10__ ?I want it in your left arm, please.‖

  1. A. looked for him B. looked him over C. looked after him D. looked him up

  2. A. get B. give C. make D. hold

  3. A. so B. but C. or D. and

  4. A. must B. can C. had better D. have to

  5. A. In the morning B. In the afternoon C. In the end D. In the evening

  6. A. first B. one C. two D. second

  7. A. confident B. surprised C. full D. hungry

  8. A. hour B. minutes C. year D. moment

  9. A. Somebody B. Anybody C. Nobody D. people

  10. A. with a smile B. in time C. in surprise D. with tears in his eyes

  答案简析

  1. B。look for sb/sth 意为―寻找……‖;look after sb 意为―照料……‖;look up sb意为―看望……‖;而look over sb意为―检查某人‖,最贴近文意,为正确选项。

  2. A。医生要对格林先生进行注射,格林先生是动作的接受者,故应选get。

  3. D。空白部分前面I come 和后面的give形成承接关系,所以应用 and连接。

  4. D。must 不可以用于将来时,根据文章意思,应选have to。

  5. D。与上文this evening相对应,In the evening应为正确选项。

  6. A。one 填入空白部分显得画蛇添足,根据上下文这是第一次注射,应用first。 7. B。老人对护士的提问应感到surprised, 因为下文提到从来没人问过他这样的问题。

  8. D。对护士的提问, 老人思考了一会儿, 故应选moment。

  9. C。老人感到奇怪, 是因为没有人问过这样的问题, 故应选nobody。 10. A。老人想捉弄一下这个小护士。按常理, 应是带着微笑取笑她, 故应选with a smile。


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