高考英语完形填空考前练习题解析

2017-12-16 外语辅导

  对于高考的同学们来说,完形填空的练习题是在英语考试之前必不可少的练习。一起来看看小编为大家整理收集了高考英语完形填空考前做的一些练习题吧,欢迎大家阅读!

高考英语完形填空

  高考英语完形填空考前训练题:汤姆庭园

  Tom grows the nicest vegetables and fruits and the most beautiful flowers in the village. Plants grow in Tom’s garden all through the __1__ and they are much __2__.

  Tom cuts some flowers for his sitting room table, eats some fruits and vegetables, but he __3__ most of them in the market. His vegetables, fruit and flowers are so __4__ and beautiful that they sold much more __5__ in the market than those of other villagers.

  How does Tom grow these beautiful things? He is so __6__ that he just sits under his orange tree with his radio.

  He __7__ the music all day.

  That is quite true. Tom __8__ things in spring, summer, autumn and winter. After that he sits with his radio. And everything __9__. It is the music that does the work. Tom knows more clearly that music makes the biggest vegetables and the most beautiful flowers. Plants love __10__ as much as people.

  1. A. week B. month C. season D. year

  2. A. better B. worse C. less D. later

  3. A. buys B. sells C. borrows D. lends

  4. A. dear B. bad C. big D. small

  5. A. politely B. quickly C. slowly D. carefully

  6. A. angry B. busy C. tired D. lazy

  7. A. listens to B. hears C. watches D. speaks

  8. A. fills B. plants C. throws D. makes

  9. A. does B. moves C. grows D. plays名师点评

  本文介绍了汤姆庭园中各种植物的生长以及销售情况,并说明了懒惰的汤姆为什么能长出这么好的植物。

  答案简析

  1. D。根据下文汤姆春夏秋冬都会在园子里种各种植物,说明园子里一年到头都长着植物,故year为正确选项。

  2. A。很明显,汤姆的植物园比村子里其余人的应好得多,故应用比较级better。

  3. B。根据文意,汤姆到市场上去应是卖自己种植的花,水果及蔬菜,故选sells。

  4. C。这里应选择一个褒义形容词修饰汤姆的蔬菜水果,故只能选big。

  5. B。因为蔬菜水果长得好,所以在市场上卖得很快,故quickly为正确选项。

  6. D。根据下文汤姆没有花很多的时间去管理园子而是坐在树下听音乐,故选lazy。

  7. A。表示听音乐这一动作应用listen to 。

  8. B。根据文意,汤姆春夏秋冬在园子里是在种各种植物,故选plant。

  9. C。grows在这里表示园子里的一切在不断地生长。

  10. D。上文讲到音乐使得园子里的一切又大又美,说明植物也像人一样喜欢音乐,故选music。

  10.A. work B. rain C. stories D. music

  高考英语完形填空练习题:珍惜时间

  We are often warned by our teacher not to waste precious time, because time ___1___ will never return. I think it quite ___2___. What does time look like? Nobody knows for we can’t see it or ___3___ it and no amount of money can ___4___ it. Time is abstract, so we have to ___5___ about it.

  Time passes very quickly. Some students say they don’t have ___6___ time to review all their lessons. It is because they don’t know how to make ___7___ of their time. They waste it in going to theatres, cinemas and parks, and doing ___8___ things. Why do we study every day? Why do we ___9___? Why do most people would rather ___10___ buses instead of walking? The ___11___ is very simple. We wish to save time because time is ___12___.

  Today we are living in the 21st century. We look upon time as ___13___. When a person dies, his life ___14___. Since life is short, we must ___15___ our time and energy to our study so that we may be able to ___16___ the people well in the future. Laziness is the ___17___ of time, for it does not only bring us failure but also ___18___ us other harm. If it is necessary for us to do our work today, let us do it today and not ___19___ it until tomorrow.

  Remember that time is much more ___20___ than money.

  1. A. lost B. found C. expected D. made

  2. A. false B. true C. abstract D. valuable

  3. A. get B. have C. see D. touch

  4. A. find B. buy C. sense D. realize

  5. A. worry B. discuss C. advise D. think

  6. A. enough B. little C. valuable D. useful

  7. A. up B. light C. use D. fun

  8. A. other B. another C. some D. any

  9. A. drink B. eat C. think D. work

  10. A. borrow B. get C. make D. take

  11. A. question B. answer C. problem D. method

  12. A. valueless B. precious C. endless D. fast

  13. A. money B. life C. gold D. water

  14. A. comes to B. begins C. ends D. lives

  15. A. waste B. devote C. put D. value

  16. A. ask B. remember C. save D. serve

  17. A. friend B. maker C. mother D. thief

  18. A. brings B. does C. takes D. sends

  19. A. leave B. forget C. remain D. stay

  20. A. useful B. cheap C. heavy D. valuable

  本文为议论文,论点是 Time is valuable。第 1 段先提出论点——时间是珍贵的;第 2 段说时间流逝很快,应节省时间;第 3 段说人们把时间比作生命,我们应该珍惜时间;最后一句话自成一段,照应首段,突出主题。

  1. A. 前面说老师常告诫我们不要浪费时间,这里是解释原因,即我们平时所说的“时光一去不复返”。lost 为过去分词作后置定语,其他选项不合语境。

  2. B。下文进一步阐述说时间很珍贵,不能浪费时间等,“我”认为“时光一去不复返”这一说法是正确的,即 I think it quite true。

  3. D。前面问的是 What does time look like,再结合后面的 Time is abstract(抽象的)来看,此处说的是“时间既看不见,也摸不着”,故用 touch。

  4. B。前面说时间既看不见又摸不着,再结合钱的功能可推测,该句说的是“时间是不能用一定数量的钱能买得到的”。

  5. D。前面分别提到时间不能看、摸,也不能用钱买,时间是抽象的,由此可推测我们只能“思考”它。

  6. A。有些同学把时间用在了看戏、看电影和逛公园上,当然他们就没有足够的时间来复习功课了,故用 enough。

  7. C。从后面的 they waste it in going to theatres, cinemas… 可知他们不知道如何利用时间。make use of 为固定短语,意为“利用”。

  8. A。从前部分 They waste it in going to theatres, cinemas and parks 来看,此处指的是上述列举内容外的东西,故用 other 修饰 things。

  9. D。从上下文来看,这里说的是人们为何学习与工作,与前面说的study 平行,故此处用 work。

  10. D。由 instead of walking 可推测这里说的是交通问题,故用take,即为什么多数人乘车而不步行?take buses 是常见搭配,意为“乘车”。

  11. B。前面是三个 Why 引导的问句,最后 We wish to save time because time is… 是对这三个问题的回答,故此处说的是这三个问题的答案,即答案很简单,就是我们希望节省时间。

  12. B。从前面所说的多数人靠乘车代替步行来看,这里说的是“我们应节省时间,因为时间很珍贵”。

  13. B。从后面的 When a person dies, his life…Since life is short… 来看,本段是把时间比作生命,即谈论时间的珍贵。

  14. C。从 When a person dies 可推测,“他的生命也就完结了”,故用ends。

  15. B此处说的是“我们要把我们的时间和精力投入到学习中”。devote one’s time and energy to sth 意为“把时间和精力投入到某事中”。

  16. D。从语境来看,这里是告诫人们“人生短暂,要把时间和精力放在学习上,以便以后更好地为人民服务”。serve the people 意为“为人民服务”。

  17. D。从后面说“它不仅给我们带来失败,而且还带来了其他的危害”来看,这里应选 thief,即“懒惰是时间的窃贼”。

  18. B。前面说懒惰带给我们失败,此处是进一步说懒惰还带给我们其他的危害。do sb harm 是固定短语,意为“给某人带来危害”。

  19. A。从前面所给的'条件 If it is necessary for us to do our work today来看,这里表示“我们今天能做的事情就不要留到明天来做”,故用 leave。

  20. D。从整篇文章来看,这里说的是时间珍贵,我们要珍惜时间。句意为“切记时间比金钱更有珍贵”,这与文章观点吻合。

  高考英语完形填空练习素材:美国人与轿车

  Many people think that Americans 1 their cars almost more than anything else. When 2__ people are fourteen years old, they want to have their __3_ cars. They don’t ask for a car from their 4__. So many of them work in _5_ time during their last year of high school to buy a car. Learning to 6 _ and getting a driver’s license may be one of the most exciting things in a young person’s life.

  Some people almost 7 _ go to a doctor when they are ill. But they will __8_ their cars to a garage as soon as they think there is a 9 . On Saturdays or Sundays some people may 10 most of their time washing and repairing their cars.

  1. A. prefer B. love C. drive D. play

  2. A. little B. big C. old D. young

  3. A. new B. own C. expensive D. cheap

  4. A, friends B. teachers C. parents D. brothers

  5. A. free B. busy C. study D. good

  6. A. make B. mend C. wash D. drive

  7. A. always B. never C. often D. usually

  8. A. take B. carry C. pull D. lift

  9. A. question B. wrong C. mistake D. problem

  10. A. cost B. get C. spend D. use

  名师点评

  本文介绍了美国人尤其是年轻人对于轿车的厚爱,并列举了一些事例加以说明。让人们看到了一个发达国家的富裕和人民生活的繁荣。

  答案简析

  1. B。通过下文的事例不难看出美国人对汽车不是一般的喜欢,故用love it,较贴近文章的意思。

  2. D。按常识,十四五岁的人应称为年轻人,故应说young。

  3. B。根据下文他们不想通过索要来获取别人的小轿车,而是想拥有自己的小汽车,故选own。

  4. C。如果说想要索要小汽车的话,那只有先从父母亲那儿开始了,故应选parents。

  5. A。十四五岁的年轻人大多在上学,所以工作占用的应是上学期间的空隙,故应选free。

  6. D。要想获得驾照得先学开车,故应选drive。

  7. B。与下文“车子一有问题就去修理”相对应,有些人病了却从不看医生,故应选never。

  8. A。carry应为“搬运”,push 为“推”,lift 意思为“举,提起”都不合文意,take sth. to 某地,意为“把……带到……”。

  9. D。只能选择一个名词, 表示汽车的“故障,毛病”, 故选problem。

  10. C。spend some time doing sth.为一个固定搭配,意为“花时间干某事”。


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