高考英语完形填空考前复习方法

2017-12-16 外语辅导

  考生在参考高考英语之前,是一定要采取方法来做好复习完形填空部分的。快来看看小编为你准备了高考英语完形填空考前实用的复习方法,欢迎大家阅读!

高考英语完形填空

  复习高考英语完形填空的3大技巧

  核

  这里所说的“核”指的是“核对答案”。核对答案时要注意根据上下文的逻辑来做题这一精髓。核对答案后要特别注意做错的题目,分析做错的原因,这样可以避免今后再犯同样的错误。这一步相信大家都很清楚,这里就不再多作说明。

  填

  这里所说的“填”,指的是“填空”,即不看答案,考生自己再读文章,利用上下文的逻辑关系,根据先易后难的原则,把空格补充完整。这种填空的训练有利于培养考生良好的思维习惯,有利于训练考生的逻辑思维能力,有利于提高考生的“断句恢复能力”,有利于加强考生的语篇理解和把握能力以及词语的应用能力。考生每周应坚持做2~3道高考真题的完形填空。经过几个月的训练后,考生完形填空的做题能力肯定会大大提高。

  另外,这样“填空”的训练也可利用高三的课文中的“选词填空”进行。训练的时候建议大家把给出的词语蒙住不看,自己来填空。

  读

  这里所说的“读”指的是“熟读”。填好的短文要读5遍以上,达到熟练的程度。熟读的目的是培养语感,积累语言材料。语感形成了,头脑中积累的语言材料丰富了之后,完形填空的做题能力在无形中也就有效地提高了。

  高考英语完形填空考前练习题:达芬奇

  Who designed (设计) the first helicopter (直升飞机)? Who __1__ of the most famous pictures in the world? Who knew more about the human body than most __2__? There is an answer __3__ all these questions --- Leonardo de Vinci (达芬奇).

  Leonardo may have been the greatest genius (天才) __4__ have ever known. He lived in Italy around the year 1500, but many of his inventions seem modern to us today. For example, one of his notebooks has drawings of a helicopter. Of course, he couldn’t __5__ a helicopter with the things he had. But scientists say his idea would have worked.

  But Leonardo __6__ an inventor. He was one of the greatest artists of his day. By the time he was twenty years old, he was called a master ( 大师) painter, and as he got older he became __7__ more famous. Sometimes he drew a hand ten different ways __8__ he was ready to paint.

  Many of Leonardo’s wonderful paintings are still with __9__ today. You may know one of his most famous works the __10__ woman known as the Mona Lisa.

  1. A. took B. made C. painted D. invented

  2. A. artists B. doctors C. painters D. people

  3. A. to B. of C. for D. from

  4. A. the scientists B. the artists C. the world D. people

  5. A. draw B. paint C. work D. build

  6. A. was just B. wasn’t just C. wasn’t D. was no longer

  7. A. less B. no C. even D. very

  8. A. before B. after C. because D. when

  9. A. him B. us C. them D. you

  10. A. interesting B. crying C. smiling D. surprising

  名师点评

  本文介绍了堪称世界上最伟大的天才——达•芬奇在发明、艺术等方面为人类所作的巨大贡献,文章层次分明,通俗易懂。

  答案简析

  1.C。为了引出话题人物━━达•芬奇,这里引用了设问手法,问题应表示“是谁画了世界上最著名的画”,故选择动词painted。

  2.B。对人体比较了解的莫过于医生了,将达•芬奇与医生相比才能显示其对人体的精通。故选择doctors。

  3.A。介词to常表示一一对应的关系,“问题的答案”习惯表达为an answer to a question。

  4.D。达•芬奇应是世人所知道的天才中最伟大的人,the world 一般指每个人,相当于第三人称单数,故people为正确选项。

  5.D。draw和paint不合文意, work为不及物动词,不能直接接宾语。在那个时代,达•芬奇所不能做的应是制造飞机,故选择build。

  6.B。这一句起承上启下的作用,意为“达•芬奇不仅仅是一名发明家”,故选择 wasn’t just。

  7.C。less和no不合文章,very不能用来修饰比较级,而even常用来修饰比较级,意为“甚至更……”,故为正确选项。

  8.A。为了使自己的'画达到最高境界,应在画这幅画之前去尝试不同的画法,所以应选before。

  9.B。达•芬奇的画今天依然保存在世,为本文作者以及读者所共享,所以应选us。

  10.C。达•芬奇的名作━━Mona Lisa以画中人物面部神秘的微笑而名扬天下,故选smiling。

  高考英语完形填空练习材料:盗羊贼

  One day Fred and I found my largest sheep was gone. I know it wasn’t a dog that had done it, because the rest of the sheep were ___1___. It could have been a(n) ___2___ or it could have been the Godfreys, Turpins, Harries or Freedoms. They were the families that did everything ___3___ in the country.

  Fred and I walked along the fence, looking for ___4___. Some of the fence stones at a pile had been knocked ___5___ together with a little wool on a branch of the fence. Outside the fence were ___6___ marks of work boots among a lot of ___7___ footprints. It was quite clear that it was the ___8___ of only one man, whose footprints kept ___9___ Fred until he was sure that were all ___10___.

  On the way to report to the police, I did some ___11___. All the Freedoms were already in prison. The Harries were all ___12___ and the doctor said that none of them could get out of bed for a week. So it was either a Turpin or a ___13___.

  But soon after a visit to Albert Wrigley’s ___14___ I found we were not 100% right. We happened to find, in the shop window, ___15___ work boots, both for the right feet. Where were the other two for the ___16___ feet? … Albert told us that the Turpins had gone to Danbury and were still there.

  So that ___17___ after everyone was in bed, Fred and I stole into the Goldfrey’s place where a large basin of blood was ___18___ in the yard. Soon after that I found my sheep’s skin on top of a pile of rubbish.

  The next morning ___19___ the police caught him, Sam, the youngest Godfrey boy, had been trying to run away in those left-footed work boots he had ___20___ from Albert’s store.

  1. A. calm B. noisy C. running D. sleeping

  2. A. thief B. accident C. sheep D. dog

  3. A. interesting B. bad C. secret D. good

  4. A. a break B. a sheep C. a branch D. a stone

  5. A. out B. down C. loose D. away

  6. A. finger B. foot C. shoe D. walk

  7. A. man B. dog C. sheep D. deer

  8. A. wonder B. work C. face D. footprint

  9. A. asking B. questioning C. troubling D. seeking

  10. A. right-footed B. left-footed C. left-handed D. right-handed

  11. A. shopping B. stealing C. thinking D. reporting

  12. A. disabled B. dead C. sick D. feverish

  13. A. Albert B. Freedoms C. Godfrey D. Harries

  14. A. yard B. store C. factory D. house

  15. A. two B. three C. four D. five

  16. A. right B. left C. other D. rest

  17. A. day B. night C. morning D. afternoon

  18. A. poured B. frozen C. found D. left

  19. A. after B. though C. while D. before

  20. A. caught B. wore C. stolen D. broke

  【答案与解析】本文讲述的是我和 Fred 靠推理和观察查到盗羊贼的故事。一天早晨“我”和 Fred 发现一只最大的羊不见了。由其余的羊很平静我们推测不是狗做的,不过我们却想到了专干坏事的四个家族。我们先后排除了 Freedoms 和 Harries,然后从店老板的话里又排除了 Turpins,这样很可能是 Godfrey 干的。于是,我和 Fred 偷偷溜进了 Godfrey 家,发现了羊血和羊皮……

  1. A。此处解释的是“我知道这不是狗干的”的原因,即“因为其余的羊都很平静”。

  2. B。这里说的是我们的猜测。羊丢了有两种常见的可能性,或是偶然事故或是被“偷”。

  3. B。把丢羊的事与这四个家族联系到一起,可推测这四个家族不是做好事的家族。

  4. A。为了证明前面的猜测,Fred 和我沿着篱笆墙走,想在篱笆墙上找到点什么。由此可判断此处应为 a break,即从墙上看看有没有什么痕迹或断裂的地方。

  5. C。由于后面有 together with a little wool on a branch of the fence,由此可推测此处说的是在一处石头墙上发现有被松动的痕迹,但不能是被敲掉(knock down)或敲出来(knock out)的。

  6. B。从上下文来看,此处说的是“在篱笆外面众多的羊蹄印中有一个穿着工作靴的脚印”。

  7. C。从语境来看,这里提到的脚印有两个:一是人的脚印,二是羊蹄印。

  8. B。由前面提到的在篱笆墙上有松动的痕迹(可能是从墙挖洞钻进去),在墙的石头上还留有一撮羊毛及在众多的羊蹄印中只有左脚的脚印等来推断,此处说的是“偷羊这个活是一个人干的”。work 为“工作”,这里指“偷羊”这个活。

  9. C。从后面的 until he was sure that were all ___10___ 来看,他已看出门道来了,而在这之前“这个人的脚印一直烦扰着他”。

  10. B。从后面的 Albert Wrigley 商店的橱窗里只有两只右脚的鞋及Albert 告诉“我们”的话来看,这是偷羊贼穿着两只左脚的鞋来偷的羊,即这些鞋印都是 left-footed。

  11. C。从后面的 Freedoms, Harries 等情况的介绍来看,此处说的是“我”在去报案的路上所想到的情况,故用 thinking。

  12. C。从后面的 and the doctor said that none of them could get out of bed for a week 可推测,Harries 一家都患有很严重的病,要在医院里住一个星期。

  13. C。第 1 段共提到了四个家族,前面已排除了 Freedoms 和Harries,剩余的是 Turpin 和 Goldfrey。

  14. B。从后面的 …in the shop window 等来看,此处说的是 Albert Wrigley’s store.

  15. A。从 both for the right feet 可知,此处说的是这家商店的橱窗里有两只右脚的工作靴子。

  16. B。此时商店橱窗里有两只右脚的靴子,那么左脚的那两只靴子呢?

  17. B。从后面的 after everyone was in bed, Fred and I stole into… 来看,此处描写的是那晚他们偷偷地到 Goldfrey 家查看情况。

  18. C。前面说 Fed 和我偷偷地到 Goldfrey 家摸情况,那么先“发现的“是一盆羊血,后面紧接着说发现了羊皮。若用 left 从语法上没问题,但不符合他们偷偷来这儿这一语境。

  19. D。从 the police caught him 来看,此处用 before 符合语境,即在警察老抓他前,Sam 曾试图穿着偷来的靴子逃跑。

  20. C。从第 1 段我们知道 Godfreys 是四个干坏事的家族之一,再结合上下文可知,此处说的是他从 Albert 商店“偷来“的靴子。


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