高考英语完形填空满分小技巧

2017-12-16 外语辅导

  相信很多参加高考的同学们都想知道,在英语的完形填空题上有哪些小技巧是可以帮助拿到满分的。以下是小编为大家整理了高考英语完形填空满分的答题小技巧,一起来看看吧!

高考英语完形填空

  高考英语完形填空满分的方法

  (一)跳读首尾句进行预测

  一般来讲,高考完形填空的首、尾句通常是不挖空的。先跳读这两句,便可判断体裁,猜想它要讲什么。若首句交代了when, where,who,what,即四个w,那么就是记叙文,很可能就是一个故事;若首句是提出或解释说明某事物,一般来说是说明文;若首句提出一个论点,那么就是议论文。

  首句往往开宗明义,是文章的主题。细读首句可启示全文。而尾句又往往是对文章主题的总结。所以,它们是了解文章大意的一个窗口,对我们理解全文有着重要的启示作用。

  evelyn glennie wathe firstladof solo percussion in scotland. in an interview, she recalledhow she became a percussion soloist (打击乐器独奏演员) in spite of herdisability.

  本文主要讲述的是苏格兰第一位女打击乐器独奏演员evelyn

  glennie在耳聋的情况下成功学习打击乐器的经历。根据首句给出的信息,下面我们可以猜想evelynglennie学习打击乐器过程必然充满困难,而能够在耳聋的情况下学习打击乐器,evelynglennie对音乐肯定也是充满热情的。

  (二)利用语法分析解题

  完形填空虽然以语境填空为主,但也有部分考查语法项目的题目。对于这类题,考生可以利用平时所学的词汇知识,分析单词(组)的使用范围、动词的及物和不及物,并利用句子结构、句式特点等知识全面衡量所有选项排除干扰。如:

  ___8___ i had been born in the16th century, i would have had no job.

  a. because b. while c. if d.since

  【解析】根据后面的i

  had been born in the 16th century可知这只是个假设,是一个虚拟语气的条件句。故前面要用 if引导。

  (三)利用固定搭配解题

  完形填空题中对词汇知识的考查,主要体现在习惯用法和同义词、近义词的辨析两方面。习惯用法是英语中某种固定的结构形态,即所谓的“习语”,不能随意改动。所以,考生平时应掌握好习惯用法。对词义辨析题的考查有加大力度的趋势。要做好这类题,需要有较大的词汇量和词语搭配能力、词语辨析能力,特别是在特定的语境中能灵活运用的`能力。如:

  thecouldn’t read or write.

  thedidn’t like to work and thenever ___12___ baths.

  a. took b. washed c. ran d.covered

  【解析】本题考查的是固定搭配takea bath,意为“洗澡”。

  (四)利用固定句型解题

  完形填空虽然注重考查语境理解,但同时也会考到一些固定句型,考生掌握好这些句型,对确定题目的答案很有帮助。如:

  it wasn’t long ___18___thepolice caught the thief.

  a. after b. when c. before d.until

  【解析】it

  wasn’t long before…是常用句型,意为“不久就……”。这里说的是不久警察就把小偷捉到了。

  (五)利用复现信息解题

  语篇复现的信息包括原词复现、同义词和反义词复现、上义词和下义词复现、概括词复现和代词复现等。语篇中有词汇和结构同现的现象,如与语篇话题相关、意义相关的词汇同时出现,结构同现,同义同现,修饰同现,因果同现等。因此,利用上下文寻找解题信息,确定正确答案。如:

  i put mhead in, expecting theworst. but to msurprise, the room wasn’t emptat all. it hadfurniture, curtains, a tv, and even paintingon the wall. and thenon the well-made bed sat amy, mnew ___44___, dressedneatly.

  a. roommate b. classmate c.neighbor d. companion

  【解析】名词同现,空格前出现了room,furniture, curtains, a tv等同现信息可知坐在铺好的床上的是“我”的室友。

  高考英语完形填空考前练习题:时间的重要性

  Someone says, “Time is money.” But I think time is __1__ important than money. Why? Because when money is spent, we can get it back. However, when time is 2 it’ll never 3 . That’s 4 we mustn’t waste time.

  It goes without saying that the 5 is usually limited. Even a second is very important. We should make full use of our time to do 6__ useful.

  But it is a pity that there are a lot of people who do not know the importance of time. They spent their limited time smoking, drinking and __7 . They do not know that wasting time means wasting part of their own __8 .

  In a word, we should save time. We shouldn’t 9 today’s work for tomorrow. Remember we have no time to 10 .

  1. A. much B. less C. much less D. even more

  2. A. cost B. bought C. gone D. finished

  3. A. return B. carry C. take D. bring

  4. A. what B. that C. because D. why

  5. A. money B. time C. day D. food

  6. A. nothing B. something C. anything D. everything

  7. A. reading B. writing C. playing D. working

  8. A. time B. food C. money D. life

  9. A. stop B. leave C. let D. give

  10. A. lose B. save C. spend D. take

  名师点评

  文章讲述了时间的重要性。金钱用完了可以再来,但时间却是一去不复返。告诫我们要珍惜时间,不能虚度年华。

  答案简析

  1.D。该句中多音节形容词important的比较级应是 more important ,用even来修饰比较级,故选 even more important。

  2.C。这里表示时间流逝,故选gone。

  3.A。时间流逝就不会再回来,根据文意应选return。

  4.D。上文解释了我们为什么不能浪费时间,承接上文应用why。

  5.B。时间的流逝悄无声息,故应选 time。

  6.B。根据文意可知,我们应珍惜时间,做一些有用的事情,故选something。

  7.C。该句列举了一些人浪费时间的例子,四个选项中只有playing能和smoking, drinking 相提并论,故选playing。

  8.D。根据文意,浪费时间就是浪费自己的生命,故选life。

  9.B。leave意为“留下,剩下”。根据文意,我们不能把今天的事留到明天做,故选 leave。

  10.A。这里表示浪费时间,故选lose。

  高考英语完形填空考前练习资料:最著名的桥

  London’s River Thames has twenty-seven bridges. Tower Bridge, the first bridge over the Thames as you travel towards London from the sea, is the___1___of them all.

  The thing that is surprising about ___2___is that it opens in the middle. It does this to let the big ships___3___to the Pool of London. If you are___4___enough to see the bridge with its two opening arms high in the air, you will never forget it.

  Tower Bridge is more than one hundred years old. It was built in the___5___. By 1850, everyone___6___that a bridge across the Thames near the Tower London which is almost a thousand years old was most necessary. But the___7___argued about the new bridge for about ___8___ thirty years. The argue lasted so long because of two problems. The new bridge must look like the Tower of London—everyone said so. It___9___not look like a modern bridge. But because of the tall ships it was___10___to have a modern design.

  At last, two___11___designers had the idea of an opening bridge. And they made it look like the Tower, so everyone was___12___. It was a wonderful success. There was so much traffic on the river ___13___ the bridge opened at least twelve times a day. A hundred years ago, the River Thames was London’s ___14___road.

  Today big___15___don’t come so far up the Thames. Tower Bridge opens perhaps only twice a week, ___16___the same wonderful machinery is still working. It can still lift the two___17___opening arms—each 1,000 tons—___18___ seventy meters for the ships to go through. And they can still open and close the ___19___in one-and-a-half minutes.

  Things are changing now at Tower Bridge, but ___20___ happens in its exciting future, Tower Bridge will always mean London.

  1. A. widest B. highest C. newest D. most famous

  2. A. London B. the bridges C. Tower Bridge D. the river

  3. A. through B. over C. under D. below

  4. A. tall B. glad C. afraid D. lucky

  5. A. 1890 B. 1890s C. 1890’ D. 1890s’

  6. A. agreed B. suggested C. told D. hoped

  7. A. travelers B. Londoners C. builders D. designers

  8. A. another B. other C. rest D. else

  9. A. dare B. need C. used D. must

  10. A. possible B. impossible C. necessary D. important

  11. A. clever B. foolish C. careless D. troublesome

  12. A. satisfied B. angry C. surprised D. disappointed

  13. A. where B. when C. that D. which

  14. A. busiest B. richest C. widest D. best

  15. A. cars B. ships C. buses D. trucks

  16. A. or B. but C. and D. then

  17. A. long B. heavy C. shining D. wonderful

  18. A. keeping B. leaving C. making D. saving

  19. A. bridge B. river C. tower D. ship

  20. A. what B. however C. whatever D. whichever

  【答案与解析】本文介绍的最著名的桥——塔桥的设计过程、所起的作用、及其发展。

  1. D。根据常识判断塔桥是伦敦泰晤士河上所有桥中最著名的。

  2. C。从首段看出本文要描写塔桥。此处承接上文,指塔桥的令人惊奇之处。

  3. A。through意为“穿过,通过”。

  4. D。根据倒数第2段中“塔桥也许一周只开两次”,可知如果你有幸看到桥张开双臂高悬在空中。

  5. B。in the 1890s / 1890’s意为“在19世纪90代”。

  6. A。suggest当“建议”讲时后面宾语从句中的谓语动词用should+动词原形;agree 指原来有过分歧, 经协商后“达到意见一致”符合语境。

  7. D。但是,设计者们为这座新桥又争论了大约三十年。

  8. A。another+数字+复数名词; 数字+ other+复数名词。

  9. D。must not在此意为“决不”。

  10. C。但因为高大的轮船(在此通过) ,这座桥有必要进行现代化的设计。

  11. A。从下文推出此处指“聪明的”设计者。

  12. A。他们把桥设计得像塔,所以每个人都感到满意。

  13. C。本句中使用的是so...that... 结果状语从句。

  14. A。根据上文“一天至少开12次”可知泰晤士河是伦敦最繁忙的交通路线。

  15. B。根据上下文可知,此处指“船”。

  16. B。but表转折关系。

  17. B。破折号起解释说明的作用。由each 1,000 tons可知the opening arms很重。

  18. B。留出七十米的距离让轮船通过。

  19. A。桥的开和关只用一分半钟。

  20. C。whatever引导让步状语从句并在从句中作主语。将来不管发生什么事,塔桥将永远代表伦敦。


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