（一） 教材地位和教学内容分析 本课是高一必修模块1第4单元的阅读课型，这单元围绕earthquakes这一主题开展听、说、读、写多种教学活动。Reading设计为本单元的第2课时。本课型是单元整体教学的重要环节，为学生的语言学习、语法学习提供了载体，并且是学生获取信息的主要来源。“Reading――― A NIGHT THE EARTH DIDN’T SLEEP” 具体描写1976年唐山大地震的震前、震中和震后。本篇文章词汇量大，运用了大量的动词、复杂的数字，出现许多定语从句，篇幅较长，并且采用一些修辞手法，对学生的语言阅读能力提出了更高的要求。但文章的结构较明显，较容易归纳出各部分的中心词。
b)学习掌握与地震相关的词汇，如：shake,well,rise,smelly,pond,pipe,burst,canal,steam,ruin,injure,destroy,brick,dam,useless,steel,shock,quake,rescue,electricity,disaster,army,organize,bury,coal,mine,shelter,fresh,percent等，以及 right away, at an end, dig out, give out, thousands of以及一些优美句子的赏析。
3）重点掌握有关地震的词汇，特别是shake, burst, ruin, injure, destroy, shock, quake, rescue, disaster, army, organize, bury, shelter。 4）欣赏并理解课文中优美句子，让学生掌握一些英语修辞用法。
STEP1 导入 lead-in 在课堂开始，我会给学生播放一段有冯小刚导演拍的电影《唐山大地震》的片段节选，让学生能通过电影能理解和体会到自然灾害给人类带来的巨大灾难。让后直接导入今天的课题。这个能激发学生去了解这篇文章的兴趣，积极加入课堂。
Step2 pre-reading 读前 在这个环节我会在学生在读这篇文章之前给出几个问题。但是并不要求学生马上给出答案。而是要求在下一环节的阅读中找出答案。
Step3 while reading 在这个环节当中我设计了3个活动 第一个活动 activity1 fast reading 给学生几分钟的时间，让后让学生快速阅读这篇文章，并找出在读前所给题的答案，在读完文章之后，让几个同学来进行回答。 第二个活动 activity2 scanning 放录音，让学生跟随录音快速阅读，并要求学生找出每一段落的中心句，并在读完之后，要求得出这篇文章的整体大意。并让学生起来进行回答 第三个答案：acrtivity3 task 在这一环节当中我会设计一个任务。任务类型为知识的抢答。 首先我会将整个班级分为若干个小组，每组有七到八个人。并选出小组长。这一环节中我设计了十个对错题，（true or false）,要求学生以小组的形式进行抢答。并作出得分记录，最后还要评选出第一名。在抢答过程当中，我并不只单单是以游戏的形式来完成这一任务，只是简单的完成对错题，我会要求每组在抢答的过程当中，要对他们所选的答案进行解释说明为什么。让学生在这个过程当中真正玩有所得。
Step 4 post-reading 这一环节我会把我们所读的这篇文章设计成一篇阅读题的模式，设计五道选择题，用幻灯片展示出来，并让学生进行选择。题目的设计会以文章的主旨大意和一些细节作为试题。这让学生能在这一环节当中对刚刚已经学习知识进行巩固。
Step5 summary 在这一环节中我会整堂课做一个简短的总结，并再一次强调本次课的重难点。让学生明确本课的重点，再一次明确课堂目标。和引导学生对这篇文章的情感态度进行升华。
Step6 homework 作业
Good morning, everyone,
Today, it’s a pleasure for me to stand here and I’m very pleased to have such an opportunity to share some of my teaching ideas with you. First, let me introduce myself. My name is Guo Xinzhi, and I am working as an English teacher in Yong’an Middle School, Congtai District of Handan.
My topic today is taken from Lesson 37 of Unit 5 in Student Book 4. The main content of this unit is “Go With Transportation”, and the topic of Lesson 37 is “Flying Donuts”. I have decided to say the lesson from six parts:
Part One —— Analysis of the Teaching Material
One: Status and Function
1. This unit tells us the improvement of traffic transportation and the related stories. Besides learning this, students will also learn some words, phrases and expressions of traffic, and so on. In Lesson 37, Danny will introduce a new type of transportation to us, it is imaginary.
2. To attain “four skills” request of listening, speaking, reading and writing, I will have the students do some exercise about the text.
3. Such a topic is very important in this unit. I will lead the students to use their imagination and encourage them to be creative. For example, helping them use English to describe their imaginary transportation. So I think if the students can learn this lesson well, it will be helpful to make them learn the rest of this unit.
4. While teaching them, I will also encourage them to say something about what they think the future transportations will be like. In a way, from practising such a topic, it can be helpful to raise learning interests of students and it will be also helpful to improve their spoken language.
Two: Teaching Aims and Demands
The teaching aim's basis is established according to Junior School English syllabus' provision.
1. Knowledge objects
(1) To study the new words “fuel”, “oil” and “coal”.
(2) To learn and master the phrases “think of, on the way to …, have fun”, etc.
2. Ability objects
(1) To develop the students’ abilities of listening, speaking, reading and writing.
(2) To train the students’ ability of working in pairs.
(3) To develop the students’ abilities of communiation by learning the useful structures.
3. Moral objects
(1) Through different teaching methods to make students be interested in study.
(2) Love to know more knowledge about tranportation and dare to express their opinions in English.
(3) Encourage the students to be more creative and try to make contributions to making new inventions in the future.
Three: Teaching Keys and Difficult Points
The teaching keys and difficult points’ basis is established according to Lesson 37 in the teaching material's position and function.
1. Key points:
(1).Be able to express words, phrases and sentences in English.
(2). Know about the improvement of transportation and Danny’s invention.
2. Difficult points:
Be able to talk about their imaginary future transportation in oral English.
Part Two —— The Teaching Methods
Communicative teaching method; 2. Audio-visual teaching method;
3. Task-based teaching method;
4. Classified teaching method.
As we all know: the main instructional aims of learning English in the Middle School is to cultivate students’ abilities of listening, speaking, reading, writing and their good sense of the English language. So in this lesson I’ll mainly use “Communicative” teaching method, “Audio-visual” teaching method and “Task-based” teaching method and “Classified” teaching method. That is to say, I’ll let the students get a better understanding of the key structures. I’ll give the students some tasks and arrange some kinds of activities, like talking, watching CAI, and reading in roles.
In a word, I want to make the students the real masters in class while the teacher himself acts as director. I also hope to combine the language structures with the language functions and let the students receive some moral education while they are learning the English language.
Part Three —— Studying ways
1. Teach the students how to be successful language learners.
2. Make situation and provide meaningful duty, encourage the students to study the text by themselves.
Part Four —— Teaching steps
As this lesson plays an important part in the Engish teaching of this unit, I have decided the following steps to train their ability of listening, speaking, reading and writing, especially reading and speaking ability.
The entire steps are:
Step1 Warm-up and Lead-in
Show the students some pictures of common transportations, like car, bike, train and so on. Ask the students: What can you see from the picture? Is there another kind of transportation around us?
Purpose of my designing: In this part, have the students say more about what they see or what they don’t see. In this way, they will know today’s leson has something to do with their discussion.
1. Learn new words in groups. The new word in this lesson are fuel, oil and coal. Show them pictures of these things and teach them these new words.
Purpose of my designing: After seeing the pictures, the students will know what they are and they can learn them quickly and easily.
2. Play the tape recorder. Let the students listen and imitate the text. Pay attention to their pronunciation and intonation. Then finish the exercises on the computer.
Purpose of my designing: This step is employed to make the students get the general idea of the text. At the same time let the students have a chance to practise their listening and speaking ability.
3. Text Learning and a Quiz
I’ll use CAI to present the whole text. I’ll write the key points on the blackboard while they are watching. After watching, I’ll teach them to read the words and sentences on the Bb. Make sure they can read them well.
After teaching them the whole text, including the meanings of new words, the use of similar expressions and so on. Get the students to try and say out some phrases on the screen, like I don’t think so, have fun, a new kind of, on the way to school, and so on.
Purpose of my designing: To present the text by CAI is much easier for the students to learn and grasp the meanings. CAI can provide a real situation with its sound and picture and it makes the relationships between the students better.
4. Key Structures and Difficult Points Learning
First, I will divide the students into three groups and tell them to have a discussion about what they learn in this lesson. Then encourage them to try to understand the whole text, know what the difficult points are, and so on. At last, I will help them to master them all.
For example, I teach the students know the differences between phrases think of, think about and think over. I will show them some sentences and get them to know the use of these phrases. Encourage them to do some exercise about these phrases.
Purpose of my designing: By practising using these new words and similar phrases, the students will know how to use them in English and master the use of them better.
5. Read and Say
Give the students two or three minutes to prepare, and then get them read the text together in three groups. Tell them to read aloud.
Then help the students say something about the future transportation or their imaginary transportation. Encourage them to say more.
Purpose of my designing: By reading the text and saying such things, get the students to practise their reading and speaking ability again.
Part Five —— Summarize and Homework
Ask the students such questions:
What have we learned from this lesson? What does Danny say about his new kind / type of transportation? Do you like his idea? What new phrases have we learned today? Do you have enough confidence to finish these exercises? Now, let’s try!
Then show them some exercises and help them to finish them.
At last, tell the students what today’s homework is. While doing this, the teacher can have the boys and girls have a competition to see who are better.
Part Six —— Blackboard Designing
Purpose of my designing: Presents the text key content clearly on the blackboard, favors the students to knowledge grasping.
OK. That’s all. Thanks for listening to me and helping me.
Good afternoon, everyone. I’m Zhou Yan. I’m an English teacher from Experimental School of Suqian. Now I’ll say Sample A of Lesson Six in Book One. I’ll prepare to say the lesson from four parts.
Part One Analysis of the Teaching Material
（一） STATUS AND FUNCTION
1.This is an important lesson in Book One. From this lesson, it starts asking the Ss to grasp contents of each Sample. To attain "four skills" request of listening, speaking, reading and writing. To start listing "Word Bank" and tell the Ss to remember the new words. To start asking the Ss to write the English sentences well. Therefore this lesson is in the important position of the teaching material.
2.This lesson is the first one of Unit 2.So if the Ss can learn it well, it will be helpful to make the Ss learn the rest of this unit.
3.Such a topic is related to daily life, so it is helpful to raise learning interests of students and it will be also helpful to improve their spoken English.
（二）ANALYSIS OF THE STUDENTS
The Ss has learned English for about one month so far. They can understand some words and some simple sentences. The Ss have taken a great interest in English now.
（三）TEACHING AIMS AND DEMANDS
The teaching aim's basis is established according to Junior School English syllabus' provision.
（1） To make the Ss know how to use the affirmative sentence "This is. . . ." and the negative sentence "This is not…"Everyday expressions for "Apologies""I'm sorry""That's all right".
（2） To study the new words "six, hey, sorry, it’s, that’s", etc. by learning the dialogue of this lesson.
（3） To finish some exercises.
（1） To develop the Ss’ abilities of listening, speaking, reading and writing.
（2） To train the Ss’ ability of working in pairs.
（3） To develop the Ss’ abilities of communication by learning the useful structures.
（1） To enable the Ss to be polite and love life.
（2） To enable the Ss to look after their things well.
（四）TEACHING KEY AND DIFFICULT POINTS
The teaching key and difficult points’ basis is established according to Sample A of Lesson Six in the teaching material's position and function.
（1）。To help the Ss to communicate with each other.
（2）。To enable the Ss to study in groups and co-operate skillfully.
（3）。To develop the Ss’ interest in English.
（1） How to make dialogues and act them out.
（2） How to write the right whole sentences.
（五） TEACHING AIDS
Multi-media computer, Tape recorder, Software: Powerpoint or Authorware, school things and so on. They will be needed in this lesson.
Part Two The Teaching Methods
1. Communicative teaching method
2. Audio-visual teaching method
3. Task-based" teaching method
As we all know: the main instructional aims of learning English in the Middle School is to cultivate students’ abilities of listening, speaking, reading, writing and their good sense of the English language. So in this lesson I’ll mainly use "Communicative" teaching method, "Audio-visual" teaching method and "Task-based" teaching method. That is to say, I’ll let the Ss to get a better understanding of the key structure of the dialogue. I’ll give the Ss some tasks and arrange five kinds of activities: talking, guessing games, watching CAI, acting out Sample A and having a competition.
Teaching special features
To use these methods are helpful to develop the Ss’ thought.
Part Three STUDYING WAYS
1.Teach the Ss how to be successful language learners.
2.Let the Ss pass "Observation—Imitation—Practice " to study language.
3.Teach the Ss how to master dialogues and how to communicate with others.
Teaching special features:
Let the Ss communicate with each other and adopt competition methods to develop the Ss’ keen interest in English.
Part Four Teaching Procedure
I’ll finish this lesson in four steps. First I’ll divide the Ss into four groups and bring a competition into the class. At last let’s see which group is the winner.
1. Free talk between T and Ss .
Such as: Hi, I’m . . . . What’s your name?
This is … How do you do?
Who is he/she? How are you?
Who can count from 1to 5?
What’s this in English? etc.
2.A game: Ask the Ss to give T some school things. For example:
T: Give me your book.（ruler, box, pen, table, knife, etc.）
T: This is your book. This is not my book. It’s your book. etc.
In this course I’ll ask them to make a dialogue group by group without repetition. Find out which group will make the most dialogues.
Purpose of my designing: I think it is important to form a better English learning surrounding for the Ss by imitating and at the same time it is necessary to provide situations to review learned knowledge.
This course is very important. I’ll mainly talk about this step.
I’ll use CAI to present the whole dialogue. Arrange some situations to help Ss understand Sample A.
First scene: There is a bag on the floor. B is picking it up and get ready to leave. Now A is talking with B.
A: Hi, B. How are you today?
B: I’m fine, thank you. And you?
A: I’m fine, too. Oh, this is my bag.
B: No, this is not your bag. It’s my bag.
A: （Look closely） Oh, I’m sorry.
B: That’s all right.
（At the same time, C is running up and hitting A.）
C: Oh, I’m sorry.
A: That’s OK.
I’ll write the key points on the Bb while they are watching. After watching, I’ll teach them to read the words and sentences on the Bb. Make sure they can read them well.
Purpose of my designing: To present Sample A by CAI is much easier for the Ss to learn and grasp the meanings. CAI can provide a real situation with its sound and picture and it makes the relationships between the Ss better.
First play the tape recorder. Let the Ss listen and imitate the dialogue. Pay attention to their pronunciation and intonation. In this step the Ss are required to practise the Sample in pairs by reading the dialogue aloud. This step is employed to make the Ss grasp the Sample .At last I’ll ask the Ss to think hard and act it out with a partner according to Sample A. Then find out which group will act it out well. I’ll give them red stars.
Purpose of my designing: This step is employed to make the Ss get the general idea of the dialogue as a whole one. At the same time let the Ss have a chance to practise their listening and spoken ability.
In this step I’ll give the Ss a free space to show their abilities.
Second scene: The Ss are having a picnic. It’s hot and they take off their coats and put them together. They are singing and dancing, laughing and chatting. After the picnic, they begin to look for their coats. D and E are talking. F and G are talking. etc.
After watching, I’ll give the Ss some tasks to make similar dialogues without repetition and find out which group will make more dialogues.
Purpose of my designing: "Task-based" teaching method is used here to develop the Ss’ ability of communication and also their ability of co-operation will be well trained. Tell the Ss we should be polite and take good care of our things. We should love our life. I think proper competition can arouse the Ss’ interest in English learning. If the Ss can finish this task well, they will benefit a lot in their spoken English.
2.Skill 1 Model 1.
I’ll ask four Ss of the groups to write these sentences on the Bb in the four lines.
Then check their handwriting, correct their mistakes. Find out who will write well and whose handing is the best.
3.Finish the Ss’ workbook.
Purpose of my designing: To check the knowledge Ss have learned in this lesson.
（1）Recite the words as many as possible after class.
（2）Make a dialogue according to Sample A and write it in the exercise book.
Purpose of my designing: I think homework is so important that the Ss should speak English as much as they can in class or after class. It is necessary for the Ss to do some extensive exercises after class to consolidate the knowledge they learned.
Lesson Six Sample ASix This is my…hey This is not your. . . .sorry It’s my. . . . Picture it’s=it is Oh, I’m sorry.that’s=that is That’s all right/OK.
Hello, everyone. Today I’m very pleased to have an opportunity to talk about some of my teaching ideas. My topic is life in the oceans taken from Lesson 63 of Unit 16 in SEFC（2）。 It is made up of four parts.
Part 1 My understanding of this lesson
The analysis of the teaching material:
This lesson is a reading passage. It plays a very important part in the English teaching of this unit. Lesson 62 and Lesson 63 are a whole unit. By studying Lesson 63, Ss can improve their reading ability, learn more about the ocean and the life in the oceans. At the same time, we should get the students to understand some difficult sentences to comprehend the passage better. The Ss should do some listening, speaking and writing, too. Of course, the Ss should receive some moral education. Let the Ss understand the ocean better, love the ocean and save the ocean and the life of the ocean.
1. Knowledge aim: Understand the main idea of the text.
2. Ability aim: Retell the text in their own words.
3. Emotional aim: Make the Ss love the life of the ocean and do something to stop it being polluted.
Key points / Teaching important points:
How to understand the text better.
Teaching difficult points:
1. Use you own words to retell the text.
2. Discuss the pollution of the ocean and how to save the ocean.
Something about the Ss:
1. The Ss have known something about the ocean and ocean life through the Internet and other ways.
2. They are lack of vocabulary.
3. They don’t often use English to express themselves and communicate with others.
4. Some Ss are not active in the class because they are afraid of making mistakes.
Part 2 My teaching theories, methods and aids
Before dealing with this lesson, I’ll do my best to carry out the following theories: Make the Ss the real masters in class while the teacher himself acts as director; Combine the language structures with the language functions; Let the students receive some moral education while they are learning the English language.
Double activities teaching method
Question-and-answer activity teaching method
Free discussion method
Pair work or individual work method
1. a projector
2. a tape recorder
4. the blackboard
Part 3. Teaching steps / procedures
I have designed the following steps to train their ability of listening, speaking, reading and writing, especially reading ability.
The entire steps are:
Greetings, Revision, Lead-in and preparation for reading, Fast reading（scanning）， Listening, Intensive reading, Preparation for details of the text, Consolidation, Discussion, Homework
Step 1 Greetings
Greet the whole class as usual.
Step 2. Revision
1. Ask students some questions to revise the last lesson（show them on the screen）。
a. How much salt do the oceans contain per thousand parts of water?（35 parts of salt. 3.5% by weight）
b. What is coral? Why are corals not found in deep water?
c. Why is the Dead Sea called the Dead Sea?
2. Check the homework（made a survey about the ocean or ocean life by surfing the Internet or asking for help from other people）。 Through this part we can consolidate what they studied yesterday, communicate with others about their survery results and prepare for the new lesson.
Step 3. Lead-in and preparation for reading
Show them some pictures and letm talk each other, and then use the pictures about ocean and life in the oceans to learn new words, for example, Antarctica, huge whale, sperm whale, squid and so on.
Purpose: Arouse the students’ interest of study.
Bring in new subject: Life in the oceans.
Step 4. Fast reading
Read the passage as quickly as they can. I show the questions on the screen and letm get the main idea of each paragraph:
1. Why can living things live in such oceans around the Antarctica?
2. What does the whale feed on?
3. What is the difference between the sperm whale and other whales?
Method: Read the text individually, use question—and—answer activity.
Purpose: Improve the students’ reading ability.
Understand the general idea of each paragraph.
Step 5. Listening（book closed）
1. Listen to the tape then do an exercise（wb page 90, part 1）
2. True or false exercise.（on the screen）
Train the Ss’ listening ability and prepare for later exercises.
Step 6. Intensive reading
Read the passage carefully again and answer some detailed questions on the screen.
1. How much does a whale eat at a time?
2. Do all the whales feed on small fish?
3. How deep can a sperm whale dive?
It is also called depth reading or study reading. It means reading for detailed information.
Purpose: Further understand the text （Train further reading ability） to find out some different sentences and details of the text.
Step 7. Preparation for details of the text on the screen
1. …its heart slows to half its normal speed.
slow-v. to become / make slower.
2. …using sound wave
Present participle used as adverbial.
3. provide sth. for sb.
provide sb. with sth.
4. at a time: each time
5. grow to a length of…
Purpose: Train the Ss’ ability of understanding and using laguage.
Step 8. Consolidation
1. Find out the topic sentences.
2. Retell the passage according to the topic sentences.
Purpose: I want to know if my students understand the whole text really and if they master what I mean to tell them in this class. What’s more, I want to letm have the ability of introducing and analyzing expression. At the same time, I will write down the topic sentences on the blackboard according to what the students find, so they can retell it easily.
Step 9. Discussion
Show them some pictures about the polluted ocean and many living things which are in danger and ask them: What are their opinions about it? In order to letm have free choice, I give them another topic: The ocean is being polluted. What should they do?
Purpose: I mean to give them emotional education. I give them multi-media pictures to arouse their interest of study and their love for life. I mean to make them realize: The ocean is in danger!
I teach them to do their best to help it and do something from now on. Everyone should do something to love and protect our home.
Step 10. Homework
Write an article Saving the ocean. I want to improve the ability of their writing. At the same time, train the ability of do-it-youself and looking up the information by themseleves.
Part 4. Blackboard design
Unit 16 Lesson 63
1. Some living things can live in Antarctica.（what）
2. The whale feeds on small fish.（what）
3. The sperm whale feeds on squid.（difference）
1. The whales are in danger. What’s you opinion about it?
2. The ocean is being polluted. What should we do?
In my opinion, the blackboard design can reflect the teacher’s ability of mastering the text and leading the students to master the text easily.
In this text, the design is not easy to write. I write the topic sentences on the blackboard in order to tell the students that this is of the importance in this class. The discussion is of the difficulty.
I want to make the design inductive, instructive and artistic.
本课是初中牛津英语8B第七单元Water Talk课文的教学。这篇课文是一篇较长的阅读文章。初二的英语教学突出了阅读文章的教学，而长篇文章的阅读也恰是同学们学习的难点。如何处理好此篇阅读文章的教学，如何让学生对文章有整体的把握与理解以及对部分生词有初步的掌握，将是本课着重解决的问题。本课虽是阅读教学，但是在教学中，本课也有针对性地对学生的听, 说, 读, 写进行了一定的操练, 以便提高学生综合运用语言的能力。本课课文所涉及的内容为水的旅程，联系了生活实际，是学生较为熟知的话题;同时将水拟人化，增加了文章的趣味性。本堂课将着眼于课本，充分挖掘文章的知识性以及趣味性。
1. Language objectives:
To learn the new words: precious, vanish, a sewage plant, a water treatment works, thorough, etc.
To get to know water’s journey.
2. Skill objectives:
To find out the information according to the given questions.
To improve the students’ skills in using some verbs to describe facts.
3. Emotional objectives:
To arouse the students’ awareness of the importance and necessity of saving
1、在课前设定阅读任务, 让学生带着任务进行阅读, 增强阅读的目的，对文本有一个整体把握
2 、在教学中, 指导学生掌握阅读的步骤和方法，加强泛读与精读的训练。
4、在教学中, 指导和训练学生掌握阅读的基本技巧, 比如教给学生圈点、划线﹑改写等方法。
1. Let students read a poem and guess to elicit the topic—Water. (引发兴趣)
2. Ask students to say something about water to elicit a new word— precious.(以旧带新)
3. Ask the students to finish Water’s talk in groups. Check whether the students understand the main idea of the passage.(旨在对文章的整体把握)
1. Introduce Daisy’s bathroom and teach some words--- tap, sink, drain. (由图片引出课文生词，处理文中的开头部分)
2. Read aloud the rewritten reading part on the slide and tell why water was angry.(阅读被改写过的段落后，同学们就水为什么会生气这一问题进行思考。)
3. Ask the students to read the first part of the passage and use the new words to replace the expressions in the rewritten part. (对照被改写的段落，在书上圈出不同的地方，看似简单的任务，却很好地调动了学生，让学生轻松地掌握了生词的英语释义。)
4. Play the recording of the second part and let the students find out the places water passed in order. (听段落，把握大意，筛选信息。)
5. Show the students some pictures and let them tell what water did and what happened to water. Students are required to use the key verbs.
6. Get the students to know the end of water’s journey and learn the new word --- a sewage plant. Make sure the students know water’s cycle.(问题设问，铺垫下文)
7. Prepare some questions about water’s journey and have them wok out the questions in groups.(小组问题竞答，检查与巩固课文内容。)
1. Get the students to have a competition. They take turns to write a flow chart of water’s journey in four and one of them read it out after completing it.(小组比赛，完成水旅程的流程图，更进一步地检测并巩固所学内容。)
2. Let the students watch a flash on water’ cycle and tell what they think of the journey.
Try to arouse their awareness of the importance of saving water.(情意升华，珍惜水资源。)
1. Read the passage after the tape.
2. Use the given words to finish a short passage at least 60 words with the topic of ‘Water’s journey’.(写话练习是对所学内容的复习与巩固)
Good afternoon, every one. It is my great honor to stand here to present my lesson. To make my presentation clearer, I will explain my lesson plan in the following parts
Part One: Analysis of the teaching material
Reading teaching is a very important part in English teaching. New Curriculum standard requires that students should get some kinds of information, enlarge their knowledge, enjoy and get gum, cultivate and develop their reading skills through reading.
The lesson I am going to talk about is the reading part in Chapter6 from Oxford English 7A. It is a story about a crew’s adventure on another planet. The title is Nobody wins. Part One of the story appears in Chapter 5 and students will know the result of the story in this chapter. Students only know part of the story in Chapter5, so they will be very interested and eager to know the result of the story. They may be very exciting when they know the result.
Part Two: Teaching aims
According to my understanding of the material and students, I establish the following teaching aims:
1. Students can read and understand the story.
2. Students can develop their guessing, skimming and scanning skills.
3. Students can build up their self-confidence and learn how to cooperate with others well.
Teaching key point and difficult point:
The key point of this lesson is to develop students’ scanning and skimming skills. The difficult point of this lesson is some difficult words in the story.
Part Three: Teaching equipment
CAI, tape recorder
Part Four: Teaching methods and learning methods
1. Communicative teaching method
2. Task-based" teaching method
3.Cooperative learning method
As we all know: the main instructional aims of learning English in the Middle School is to cultivate students’ abilities of listening, speaking, reading, writing and their good sense of the English language. To use these methods are helpful to develop the students’ abilities.
Part Five: Teaching procedures
（1） Pre-reading activity:
Students act out part one of the story.
Students have learned part one of this story in Chapter 5. After learning Chapter 5, students know what the story is about but they don’t know the result of the story. The ending of part one is that the main character of the story says all of them will be alive. （The main characters were caught by a monster and trapped in a cage）。 After students act out part one of the story, I will raise a question to lead in my lesson: What’s the main character’s plan to save the crew from danger? Ask students to number the paragraphs in the story. There are totally twelve paragraphs in this story.
（2） While-reading activities:
Activity one: Guessing: Students often meet with some new words in reading. When
they see the new words, they are either frightened by the new words or they spend too
much time in looking up the words in the dictionary. It will be helpful to improve
students’ reading ability if they know how to guess the meaning of the words
according to the context. When they are doing this part, ask them to finish it by
themselves first and then ask them to discuss in groups.
Ask students to find the following words in the story and use them to replace the words in italics in the sentences.
immediately, secretly, attacked, escape
1. The captain’s men climbed into the kangaroos’ pockets and no one saw them.
2. After super, Gork went to bed and fell asleep at once.
3. Gork shouted because Nobody hit him.
4. They could not kill Gork. Otherwise, they could not get away.
Activity two: skimming （When students do the skimming task, they don’t need to read the whole story word by word and they don’t need to understand the whole story. The skimming task only requires students to read parts of the story and get the main information of the story. This skill will help students to develop the ability to find out the key words and key sentences to understand the main idea of the story. It is helpful to increase students’ reading speed. ）
Ask students to number the paragraphs in the story. There are totally twelve paragraphs in this story.
1. Ask students to read the first and the last three paragraphs and answer the following questions:
a. What will they use to melt the bars of the cage?
b. Were they free?
2. Ask students to read the story quickly and give correct orders to the following sentences:
a. Then you’ll use it to kill Gork, Captain.
b. Gork, this is nobody.
c. You just had a bad dream.
d. We will use this laser torch to melt the bars of the cage.
e. We can’t kill him.
f. Nobody attacked and damaged my eye.
Activity Three: scanning （scanning is a kind of skill used to find out the main information in reading. When scanning, students don’t need to read the story word by word, they just need to scan the relative part of the story according to the information they need to find out. ）
Ask students to fill in the blanks according to the story.
Gork fell asleep. Captain King told his ________. They _____ from the cage. King shouted "This is _________" and use a ________ _______ to aim at Gork’s eye. The kangaroos did not help Gork because he said nobody ________ him. King and his friends _________ into the kangaroos’ pockets and escaped the cave.
Students work in groups to tell Captain King’s plan to save them from the danger with the help of the given questions.
How did King call himself?
What did they use to melt the bars?
What hit Gork’s eye?
When the kangaroos came, what did Gork say?
After this activity, I will tell them the moral education of this story: When you are in danger, you should calm down, use your brain and try to think of some ways to save yourself from danger.
（5）Homework: 1.Finish the exercise on page 74 and 75.
2. Write down the story in your own words.
The above is my presentation about my lesson plan. Thank you for listening.
Good afternoon, teachers. It’s my great pleasure to be here sharing my lesson with you. The content of my lesson is the second reading of Unit 10, Book I. I’ll be ready to begin with this lesson from six parts: Analysis of the students, analysis of the teaching material, the teaching aims, the teaching & learning methods, the teaching aids and the teaching procedures. First, let me talk about my students.
Part I Analysis of ss
My students are from Grade One in vocational schools.
No.1 They have a poor vocabulary, little motivation to learn initially and no confidence in expressing themselves.
No.2 There are distinct individual among them.
No.3 They are quick in thinking and long for victory. They may raise interest in the topic because of its familiarity, and are eager to know these differences.
No.4 In my class, ss will be given a preview plan to understand the reading, progressive tasks in competition to ensure overall participation.
Part II Analysis of the teaching material
Our textbook is taken from English Book I for vocational schools. It emphasizes on interest and utility.
Since some information about cultural differences has been mentioned in previous units, this unit will focus on introducing individual differences and building the sense of cross-cultural communication.
Reading II will demonstrate cultural differences further and occupies an important position. It will take up two periods, and I’ll deal with the second period for reading comprehension, and concentrate on ss’ abilities of reading and using English fluently.
Part III Teaching aims
No.1 Teaching aims
After studying the teaching material and analyzing ss’ present situations, I think the teaching aims are the followings:
1. Knowledge aims
1) To master some key words and expressions: awkward, courtesy, direct, misunderstand, as soon as, keep doing sth, etc..
2) To understand the gist of the reading, work out the writer’s opinions after reading, and complete relevant tasks.
3) To retell the reading and try to talk with partners about differences in table manners with the purpose of using the language fluently.
2. Ability aims
1) To better reading strategies to promote reading ability with the help of skimming, scanning and other reading techniques.
2) To improve ability of using English fluently as well as logical thinking after dealing with tasks.
3) To foster the ability of cooperation in group activities.
3. Emotion aims
1) To have a general knowledge of differences in table manners, esp. between Chinese and American cultures, and foster the sense of cross-cultural communication.
No.2 key & difficult points
1. Key Points
1) To get the information from the reading;
2) To communicate with partners fluently.
2. Difficult Points
1) How to improve the reading abilities because my students are weak in English, esp. in reading strategies.
2) How to help ss put their learning into practice with references.
Part IV Teaching &Learning methods
A good method requires that the teacher act as a guide while ss as the real masters in class. In my class, ss are mainly guided by tasks progressively.
1. So according to the analysis of the teaching material and the students’ learning background, I will use the following teaching methods.
1) Task-based language teaching
2) Activity teaching
3) Delamination teaching
4) Question-and-Answer activity teaching
2. The learning methods are the followings:
1) Cooperative learning
2) Autonomous Learning
Part V Teaching aids
No.2 Non-testing evaluation
1). A piece of paper to evaluate themselves.
Part VI Teaching procedures.
No.1 As for the concrete procedures, it includes 5 parts.
Task II:checking words & answering questions. Ss will have a matching for words and meanings to check words and then they may pose any questions they met in preview. Ss finish it before class and present keys on the blackboard. Some music will be played to calm ss down and create a situation to learn English.
Purposes: The easy item may help them build confidence.
Task II: Lead-in. Ss may watch a video about cultural differences, and then finish the sentence with brainstorming. This item is open to answers. As far as students get to the point, their group may get marks.
Purposes: Brainstorming may activate ss and catch their attention quickly. At the same time, it may act as a foreshadowing for the reading.
Task III: Presentation with tasks. It includes two items.
Item I: (skimming) Ss look through the reading in 2 minutes, and then finish the multiple choices on their own.
Purposes: This task will train ss to get quick information and foster a good reading habit.
Item II: (careful reading) In order to cope with the reading clearly, there are three portions. Portion A is for Para1. It is about the writer’s experience in China, and then there are some questions. Portion B is for Para2. It is about a Chinese staying in America, and then there are some multiple choices. Portion C is for Para3. It is about solutions, and then ss rectify the table. Similarly, they read individually, and then discuss in groups to get an agreed answer. Representatives will be sent to the bb to present keys.
Purposes: The three portions will help ss work out the writer’s opinions clearly. Cooperative learning will help them overcome difficult words or sentences and find the feeling of success when they can get keys without too much guide from the teacher. And praise goes first no matter how they do. Till now, ss may realize cultural differences further.
Task IV: Consolidation in time. It includes 3 items: Five statements for ss to check their understanding about the reading, a dialogue to check how they can transfer input to output and a short passage to tell them whether they have made progress in reading. Similarly, ss do them on their own, and then discuss problems in groups.
Purposes: The three items will give a clear reflection to ss.
Last task, I will make a conclusion of this period, encourage ss to build the sense of cross-cultural communication, and then do some extension: Watch another video about differences between China and the West, and discuss whether the points from the video are reasonable or not. The item is also open to keys. Ss are encouraged to write down notes.
Purposes: This task will help ss dare to speak because of the good input about cultural differences from the reading. Each one may have a chance to express them, and experience the feeling of success. In the process of communicating, they help and encourage each other, and use the language gradually. It will help ss transfer passive learning into active acquisition and see the meaning of learning.
No.2 Design of writing on the blackboard
When in Rome, do as the Romans do A foreigner stays in China awkward.
Do as the Romans do.
A Chinese in America indirect.
No.3 After class, to ss, they have two assignments:
1. Ss finish the table to evaluate themselves.
2. Ss surf the Internet for more information about cultural differences, such as sending and accepting gifts, introducing people, etc., and then write down answers.
Purposes: The first one may help ss to reflect themselves, and the latter one may help ss extend their learning of cross cultures. Writing actually is necessary for all steps. After class, they may do it more relaxed. When finishing it, they may pay more attention to the written language and then improve their English.
No.4 Reflection after teaching.
On the one hand, ss can be guided by tasks progressively, and act well. They also have foster cooperation in group activities. On the other hand, the teacher needs to pay more attention to individual differences and ensure overall participation. The teacher also needs to improve the ability of monitoring the class efficiently.